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Under The Guidance of Ms. Sharmila Sure Ass. Professor, DFT
Presented By: Abhitosk Kumar Akhil Tyagi Amar Kumar Amar Nath Prasad
Spreading Spreading is the process of superimposing lengths of fabric on a spreading table, cutting table, or specially designed surface in preparation for cutting process.
Number of layers of fabric dictated by the number of
garments desired and the fabric thickness
Spreading can be done by hand or machine.
Depending upon the fabric and cutting technology, up to 200 layers of fabric may be cut at one time
Pattern making. Grading (manual, miniaturization using a pantograph/
Making a lay plan ( half garment lay, whole garment
lay, single size lay, multiple size lay: sectional lay, interlocking lay, mixed multi size lay).
Spreading table is covered with a layer of brown
paper before spreading.
Most common for spreading is one in which all the plies of
fabric in a lay are of same length under a complete marker plan. same size or
It may contain different garments parts of same style of
Garment parts of various sizes are scrambled so that the
garment pieces can be interlocked in the most commercial way. single marker.
Spread/ lay up is total amount of fabric prepared for a
Spreading Surfaces Spreading Tables Spreading Machines Fabric Control Devices .
smooth surface. tempered hardboard. spreading equipment. can be done using laminated top. . or compressed air floatation Determined by the fabric type. Requires flat . cutting method and firm’s quality standards. Smoothness is required to lower friction.
Table tracks or rails are placed to synchronize movement of spreading machine with fabric unrolling. Needs to be about 10 inches wider than the fabric. Spreading and cutting can be done at the same surface. . Available in standard widths corresponding to fabric width.
Table With Laminated Top Gerber Spreading Table Pin table Vacuum table Air flotation table Conveyor table .
.Table With Laminated Top Must Be Smooth. level and even. Should have strong support. About 10 inches wider than the fabric.
Gerber Spreading Table This Model is available with or without air flotation. Specially designed sturdy steel construction capable of withstanding the load of a fully equipped spreader totaling a weight of up to 800kg. .
Gerber Spreading Table Multi Adjustable height from 75cm to 95cm. Available in different width sizes. Leveling of table is done easily and quickly by adjusting the leveling screw in table tags. .
Pin Table It has rows of pin located below the surface to hold fabric in precise location. . Used for accurate matching of repeating pattern.
Advantage Improving the quality Spreading and matching in one step.PIN table. . Reducing the fabric consumption. Avoiding of relaying operations.
Vacuum Table It is used to compress lay and prevent shifting or movement during cutting. . Spread is covered with plastic film to form a seal over the lay.
Especially with the fabrics like thick flannel and thick lining for winter apparel. 3 to 4 times the productivity rate is possible. .Vacuum Table It Compress the lay by 80%.
Reduces stress on the fabric or the operators. .Air Flotation Table It reduces friction and allow easy movement of a lay onto an adjacent cutting area.
.Conveyor Table Table Top is made in “PVC” band with textile internal structure is placed over a 3 cm wood plane. The conveyorized spreading table speed can be synchronized to the cutter and a single ply feeder.
Conveyor Table It is conveyorized surface which carry the fabric to the cutting machine in order to save time. large die pressers and laser cutters. . It may be used with computerized cutting systems.
Spreading by hand Spreading using machine .
Fabrics commonly spread by hand are checks. . Cost of hand spreading is partly offset by the ability to cut fabric in bulk. repeat designs are placed at the interval of a garment length. crosswise stripes other regularly repeating patterns. Stacking up is done and then the lay is spiked onto sharp spikes set vertically n the spreading table. Fabric is drawn from package (if its a roll it can be mounted on a fame and carried along the table where the end is secured by weights and clamps).
tension-free manner for accurate and efficient cutting. It increases productivity. Fundamental purpose of spreading machine is to superimpose layers of fabric in a smooth. . decreases variability. Spreading speed can only be utilized on long spreads with few defects. and is cost-efficient. Automatic spreading machine can spread up to 100-150 yards per minute.
Manual spreading machine Semi-automatic spreading machine Automatic spreading machine Spreading machine For tubular knitted fabric .
Suitable for short lays and frequent fabric and color changes. Used for small businesses .Manual Spreading Machine Fabric is pulled from roll by hand Edge alignment is done by human operator Mechanical devices may be used to facilitate unrolling.
Very efficient and suitable for small businesses. . Edge alignment is taken care by built in mechanisms.Semi-automatic spreading machine Cloth unwound and spread semi-automatically using manually driven carriage. Suitable for long and broad lays.
cutting devices at the end of the lay. . Equipped with photo cells(alignment of selvedges). fabric loading and threading devices. a platform(for operator to sit or stand) More efficient for large scale enterprises.Automatic spreading machine Moving carriage is fully automated.
.Spreading Machine For Tubular Knitted Fabric It is specially designed to lay up tubular knitted fabric A specially designed former is placed inside the fabric and then threaded through two nip rollers that feed the fabric on to the spreading table. The former ensures that control is maintained over the fabric tube and that no differential movement takes place.
The material flow is interrupted between spreading and cutting process because of Small Orders Short but different ply heights Quickly changing fashion trends Late ordering The VEITH LAY STORAGE SYSYEM is a micro processor controlled interim store for completed lay which are waiting to be cut. .
Improved Material Flow Improved workload for spreading machines and cutters. . Space Saving Simple method to increase production capacity.
Mechanism that control fabric as it is carried up and down the table and unrolled by the spreading machine. It includes: Tensioning mechanisms Positioning devices Width indicators. End treatment systems .
Different roll covers can be used for better gripping and for different types of fabric and weights. Synchronizes the rate of spreading with the rate fabric is unrolled. Covered roller. . Momentum of large roll is stopped when machine slows down or stops.driven and timed to the movement of the machine.
One-eighth inch tolerance is there with these devices. Any deviation is corrected by a motor that shifts the roll to correct position. . Sensors monitor position and control fabric placement during spreading. Electronic edge sensor monitor selvages as fabric is spread.
Sound an alarm whenever the fabric becomes narrower than the established width. It is necessary to determine whether the fabric will fit the marker or has to be removed as a defect. .
. Depend on spreading mode: F/F or FOW F/F spread utilizes an end catcher and a folding blade. An overfeed device may be built that automatically feeds extra material whenever a fold is to be made. They are mounted on opposite ends of the fabric to catch and hold the fabric as the blade shapes and creases the fold.
Each ply must be cut at the end of the marker. Knife box contains a cutting unit that operates in a track and cuts across the fabric width when engaged. . End catcher simply holds the fabric end in place for cutting. FOW spread has a knife box and an end catcher.
End catcher with rods .
Needle Plates Clamps Weights Paper .
NEEDLE PLATES is a very useful utility. . which helps to fix. For the transport of the lay and for the cutting operation itself. Its needle keep the whole lay from distortion of its single ply. This is especially imp.
CLOTHING from fabric to fashion. . Technology Of Clothing Manufacture : By Carr and Latham.
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