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Renewable Energy

Jos Pereira N Miguel Sampaio N18 Nuno Lopes N19 11CT5 Disciplina: Ingls Professora: Isabel Cunha

Copyright 2005 SRI International

Renewable Energy
Renewable Energy Sources All natural energy flows that are inexhaustible (i.e., renewable) from an

anthropogenic point of view: solar radiation;


hydropower; wind; geothermal; wave, and tidal energy; and biomass

What is Solar Energy?


Energy produced by the sun Clean, renewable source of energy Harnessed by solar collection methods such as solar cells Converted into usable energy such as electricity
Photovoltaic (solar) panel

Set of solar panels


Sources: http://www1.eere.energy.gov/solar/pv_systems.html http://thomashawk.com/hello/209/1017/1024/Staring%20at%20the%20Sun.jpg

Sun and electrical power lines

Energy from the Sun is Abundant


Solar power systems installed in the areas defined by the dark disks could meet the world's current total energy demand
Source: http://www.ez2c.de/ml/solar_land_area/

Solar Panel Use Today


Large companies like Google, Walmart, and Microsoft use solar energy to partially power some of their facilities

Solar panels on Microsoft building


Sources: http://i.n.com.com/i/ne/p/2006/IMG_5396_550x367.jpg http://www.solarwall.de/assets/images/Walmart_SW.jpg

Solar panels being tested on Walmart store

Solar Cells are Converters of Energy


Solar cells are devices that take light energy as input and convert it into electrical energy
Light energy Electrical energy (carried through wires) Solar cell converts light energy to electricity
Sources: http://www.econedlink.org/lessons/EM189/images/cartoon_tv.gif http://emmagoodegg.blogs.com/thebeehive/images/lightbulb.jpg, http://www.torpedowire.com/solar.htm, http://www.uoregon.edu/~stiedeke/a3/assignment03/a3/assignment_images/cartoon-sun.jpg

A Little Background on Light

Different colors of light have different wavelengths and different energies


Source: http://www.mhhe.com/physsci/astronomy/arny/instructor/graphics/ch03/0305.html

Solar Electric Power Plants


Harness solar power to generate electricity Main types: Solar thermal energy
Has mirrored surface that reflects sunlight to heat up liquid to make steam to generate electricity
Array of mirrored solar collectors at FPL Energy site in California

Photovoltaic
Uses photovoltaic cells that absorb direct sunlight (as discussed previously)
Sources: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_energ http://www.fplenergy.com/portfolio/solar/facts.shtml#glance

Concentrated solar collector (parabolic)

Solar Heating Systems


Direct heating of fluid; no conversion to electricity Components solar thermal collectors fluid system to move heat (not electricity) reservoir to stock heat for later use Common uses Heat water for home or pool
Source: http://www.norfolksolar.co.uk/img/system.gif

Example system with water heated by solar collector and used to supplement hot water radiator

Wind Energy is Solar Energy


Wind is driven by solar heating Largest and fastest growing solar energy conversion system

Wind farm in California


Sources: http://p2library.nfesc.navy.mil/issues/emergejan2007/wind_turbine.jpg http://science.howstuffworks.com/wind-power1.htm

Wind turbines

Important Summary Question

What are clean and renewable energy sources?