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COMPARISON OF LEGISLATION FINAL REPORTS DRAFT

2nd Transnational Meeting


Social Welfare Department of Valencia Region

CONTENTS
I. DEFINITION OF THE TERMS USED

II. INTERNATIONAL LAW FRAMEWORK III. EUROPEAN LAW FRAMEWORK IV. COMPARISON AMONG COUNTRIES

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
I. DEFINITION OF THE TERMS USED
MINOR IN DANGER VS MINOR POTENTIALLY AT RISK All the countries understand as minor in risk a situation in which the health, security or morality of the children are in danger, or in which their education, physical, emotional, intellectual or social conditions are being seriously jeopardised. In Spain this situation is called abandonment or neglect. Minor potentially at risk is a situation in which the health, security, morality, education or sustenance of the children may be at risk, but the children are never at risk of suffering abuse (while in Spain this concept is minors at risk).

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
I. DEFINITION OF THE TERMS USED
MINOR IN DANGER VS MINOR POTENTIALLY AT RISK Romania does not have a definition for risk, but the framework law use the concept at risk (if children are at risk specialised public agencies must adopt measures in order to separate them from their family environment) ABUSED The concept abused child is identified in every country as a child victim of physical or sexual abuse, cruel acts, and serious neglect with physical or psychological consequences.

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
I. DEFINITION OF THE TERMS USED
ABANDONMENT In Spain use this term when due to non-fulfilment, or to the impossible or inappropriate exercise of the rights of protection established by law for the guardianship of minors. In this situation Valencian Regional Government assumes by operation of law the minors guardianship. In Bulgaria the legal definitions is a withdrawal of interest by terminating the relationship, which is available at no intention of reopening it.

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
II. INTERNATIONAL LAW FRAMEWORK
Once the most relevant protocols and international agreements in relation to children have been ratified, said legal instruments are incorporated into every countrys legal system. The endorsement of the Convention on the Rights of the Child on November 20th 1989, adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations, has provided in this 5 countries a promotion of the rights of the child, prevention and protective attention for children. Those conclusions has inspired changes in the civil and criminal national laws.

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
III. EUROPEAN LAW FRAMEWORK
There are two main agreements ratified for the Council of Europe: The Council of Europe Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse of 25 Oct 2007

European Convention on the Exercise of Children's Right of 25th Jan 1996

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
III. EUROPEAN LAW FRAMEWORK
In addition, there are European basis laws as the Lisbon Treaty, entry into force 1st December 2009, where Art. 3.3 and 3.5 TEU establishes the Protection of the Rights of the Child among the objectives of the European Union. Or the Council Framework Decision 2004/68/JHA of 22 December 2003 on combating the sexual exploitation of children and child pornography and 2010/13/EU Directive of the European Parliament and of the Council of 10 March 2010 On the coordination of certain provisions laid down by law, regulation or administrative action in Member States concerning the provision of audiovisual media services.

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
IV. COMPARISON AMONG COUNTRIES
CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK In each country Constitutions include the main principles which integrate the protection of children, as the Bulgarian Constitution that establishes the protection of families and children by the State and society. In Romania, the Constitution incorporates the concept respect for children and the Spanish Constitution states the duty of national authorities to ensure families social, economic and legal protection of minors.

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
IV. COMPARISON AMONG COUNTRIES
CONSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK Constitutions are also the instrument which the public competencies are distributed in countries with decentralized legislative. Legislative decentralization is only found in Italy and Spain. Italian constitution amended exclusive competencies to the regions to draft and develop social policies. In Spain the competencies on this matter are distributed between the Government and the Autonomous Regions amended in its respective Statutes of Autonomy.

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
IV. COMPARISON AMONG COUNTRIES
In Bulgaria, Romania and France, there is no decentralization, but there are strategies and action plans being carried out on a local level.

CHILD PROTECTION SYSTEMS


The child protection are organized in civil / juridical system or both. France has a dual civil/ legal child protection system, children can be under the jurisdiction of civil administration (administrative protection) or the legal system (legal protection) when the health, security, morality or if the childs education is at risk.

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
IV. COMPARISON AMONG COUNTRIES
CHILD PROTECTION SYSTEMS
In Bulgaria, the responsibility lies with the civil public administration. Regarding intervention, powers are distributed: Development and coordination of social policies is appointed to the Ministry of Labour and Social Security. Implementation carry out between regional governments, local government and non-profit organisations. Cooperation is organised through the Social Welfare Council (advisory body of the Ministry).

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
IV. COMPARISON AMONG COUNTRIES
CHILD PROTECTION SYSTEMS
Romania also has a dual civil/ legal child protection system. Children are under the jurisdiction of civil administration and legal authorities (in very serious cases). The authorities intervene when the specialized public agencies request a decision based on risk of abuse, parents inability to exercise their childcare duties. The action is carrying out through the General Directorate for Social Assistance and Child Protection (GDSACP) and the Public Service of Social Assistance (PSSA) are coordinated by the local council.

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
IV. COMPARISON AMONG COUNTRIES
CHILD PROTECTION SYSTEMS
Italy has a dual civil/ legal child protection system and a decentralised legislative system. Consequently, Lombardys regional government is who established a system toward the protection of children victims of violence where stressed items as: Intervention objectives General principles of methodological organisation Training of public and private service operators

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
IV. COMPARISON AMONG COUNTRIES
CHILD PROTECTION SYSTEMS The Spanish Minors Protection System is under the responsibility of the civil public administrations, al regional and local level. The Regional Government intervenes when the preventive actions fall and it is necessary to separate the minor from his family. The great difference between other systems is the Valencian Regional Ministry for Social Welfare, instead of a judge, is the competent body to adopt and apply measures to protect minors.

COMPARATIVE REPORT OF LEGISLATION ON THE PROTECTION OF CHILDREN IN THE FOLLOWING COUNTRIES: BULGARIA, SPAIN, FRANCE, ITALY AND ROMANIA
IV. COMPARISON AMONG COUNTRIES
CHILD PROTECTION SYSTEMS
The Valencian Regional Government intervenes when the preventive actions fall and it is necessary to separate the minor from his family. The great difference between other systems is the Valencian Regional Ministry for Social Welfare is the competent body to adopt and apply measures to protect minors. Also, there is a legal difference between the terms risk (family support or help) and neglect (the minor is separated of his/her family)

THANKS A LOT FOR YOUR ATTENTION FINAL REPORTS DRAFT


2nd Transnational Meeting
Social Welfare Department of Valencia Region