ULTRASONIC RADAR

AIM OF THE PROJECT
NON CONTACT MEASUREMENT OF

DISTANCE OF AN OBJECT USING
ULTRASOUND

Less cost manufacture. For measurement of shorter distances only. . Using a microcontroller for better understanding of its functioning.OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT To design a handy device for non-contact measurement of distance.

They undergo reflection. Because of shorter wave length they travel as sharp beam.ULTRASOUND ??? These are waves of frequency greater than 20KHz. They travel with velocity of sound. .

BLOCK DIAGRAM KEYPAD FND SCREEN ULTRASONIC TRANSMITTER ULTRASONIC RECEIVER PIC 16F72 MICROCONTROLLER TRANSDUCER DRIVER CIRCUIT AMPLIFIER SIGNAL HOLDING CIRCUIT COMPARATOR ENVELOPE DETECTOR THRESHOLD VOLTAGE = 0.4V .

INTERNAL STRUCTURE OF ULTRASONIC TRANSDUCER .

TRANSMITTER .

TRANSMITTER .

.

RECEIVER .

OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS A2  Rf Ri  100k  10 10k A  A1  A2  10 100  1000 AdB  20 log A  20 log 1000  60dB .

ENVELOPE DETECTOR .

COMPARATOR Vref  Rb  Vcc Ra  Rb  = 0.51k  47k .4V Ra  1M Rb  46.

SIGNAL HOLD CIRCUIT CCP S 0 0 1 1 R 0 1 0 1 QQ 1 1 0 QQ 1 0 1 ` Remark Illegal Set Reset Previous Q state ` .

1.5ms RA5 enable output pin goes high .

PIC & LED INTERFACE .

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.

PROCESS EXPLANATION .

FLOW CHART .

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.

CAPTURE PROCESS .

THE LED DISPLAY 7 SEGMENT COMMON ANODE .

LED INTERFACE .

APPLICATIONS    Robotics & Automation Car backing System Exploration .

PC interface.FURTHER DEVELOPMENT      Assistance for the blind Velocity meter Long range and short range mode selection. Periphery mapper. .

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