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SAP Best Practices for Fabricated Metals V1.604 (U.S.)
SAP Best Practices
Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing. purchasing and sales documents Definition of prices Definition of Pricing Agreements (Coverage) Supply of Non-Ferrous metals provided by customers © SAP 2008 / Page 2 . Key process flows covered Definition of a NF material containing the non-ferrous metal Ferrochrome Definition of different base values specific to the non-ferrous metal Definition of different rate determination methods based on business requirements Mapping of default values in master data.1 Purpose and Benefits: Purpose This Business Scenario. Benefits This enables you to quickly react and adapt to short term changes in pricing determination due to Stock Exchange rates fluctuations. represents the Business Process for Supply of Non-Ferrous materials as regards price determination in both purchasing and sales within the logistic chain.Scenario Overview .
0 Company roles involved in process flows Administrator Sales Administration Sales Administrator_FM_DIMP Purchaser_FM_DIMP Production Planner_FM_ DIMP Purchaser Purchasing Manager Warehouse Clerk Accounts Payable Accountant Billing Administrator Accounts Receivable Accountant © SAP 2008 / Page 3 .Scenario Overview .2 SAP Applications Required: Required SAP SAP enhancement package 4 for SAP ERP 6.
© SAP 2008 / Page 4 . This Business Scenario. average rates and pricing agreements.Scenario Overview . There are various different rate determination methods available for non-ferrous metals in the business scenario.3 Detailed Process Description: Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing (DIMP) This scenario describes how to manage Non-ferrous metals (NF metals) rates fluctuations. key date rates. Materials that contain non-ferrous metals are described as non-ferrous materials (NF materials). as they are traded on Stock Exchanges. Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing. This scenario is for DIMP only. for example : fixed rates. This enables you to quickly react and adapt to short term changes in price determination. represents the Business Process for Supply of Non-Ferrous materials as regards price determination in both purchasing and sales within the logistic chain.
You fix the base key for the Ferrochrome at 1500 USD per 1000 M (=> the order base value = 150 USD/100M). you sell your finished product at 350 USD per 100 M.NF Metal Pricing – Calculation of Prices using Base key C1 (1/2) You sell a product that is partly made of non-ferrous components (such as : gold. The total order value will be 350 USD (PR00) + 150 USD (YMCH) per 100 M. Knowing that value.. On the day of the order creation: The Stock Exchange value of Ferrochrome rises to 3000 USD per 1000 M. You apply the following pricing strategy : see next slide for a graphical representation PR00 = Price list for Customer 100099 = 350 USD per 100 M. Example: You have a material with one non-ferrous component : „FerroChrome“. The Stock rate fluctuations of the „Ferrochrome“ will be taken into account via the „YMCH“ condition. ferrochrome. „YMCH“ = Net Rate The Net Rate is calculated dynamically and is influenced by the actual Stock Exchange rate of the Ferrochrome. This corresponds to 300 USD/100M and this reflects an increase of the order base value of 150 USD / 100 M. © SAP 2008 / Page 5 .) and you want to share the risk of the volatile Stock Exchange rate changes of these non-ferrous components with your customer. .
a rounding is applied to the third decimal YMCH can also be negative in case that the stock price drops below the agreed base value of 1500 USD/1000M. © SAP 2008 / Page 6 .NF Metal Pricing – Calculation of Prices using Base key C1 (2/2) USD 500 450 400 350 300 250 Net value (YMCH) considering NF rate fluctuations Final Net price (PR00) including actual NF Ferrochrome rate 200 150 100 50 Initial Net price (PR00) including NF base value Base value (NF value already included in price list) 0 REMARKS: Initial pricelist date Order creation date In the net rate calculation.
PPV = Purchase Price Variance © SAP 2008 / Page 7 .Process Flow Diagram (1) Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing in Purchasing (DIMP) GR/IR = Goods Receipt/Invoice Receipt.
Process Flow Diagram (2) Non-Ferrous Metal Pricing in Sales (DIMP) © SAP 2008 / Page 8 .
name. or form External to SAP Does not correspond to a task step in a document. Lines represent different choices emerging from different parts of the diamond. this shape does not have any outgoing flow lines Unit Process: Identifies a task that is covered in a step-by-step manner in the scenario Corresponds to a task step in the document Manual Process: Covers a task that is manually done Unit Process Manual Proces s Process Reference: If the scenario references another scenario in total. Does not generally correspond to a task step in a document. © SAP 2008 / Page 9 . put the scenario number. such as unloading a truck in the warehouse.Legend Symbol Description Usage Comments Role band contains tasks common to that role. Symbol Description Usage Comments <Function> Band: Identifies a user role. instead. External Events: Contains events that start or end the scenario. it is used to reflect a task that is manually performed. this shape does not have any outgoing flow lines Flow line (solid): Line indicates the normal sequence of steps and direction of flow in the scenario. signifying a choice to be made by the end user. instead it is used to reflect an automatic decision by the system that is made after a step has been executed. or influence the course of events in the scenario. Diagram Connection To next / From last Diagram: Leads to the next / previous page of the Diagram Flow chart continues on the next / previous page Hardcopy / Document Hardcopy / Document: Identifies a printed document. This band can also identify an organization unit or group. rather than a specific role. instead. The other process flow symbols in this table go into these rows. put the scenario number and name here. Flow line (dashed): Line indicates flow to infrequentlyused or conditional tasks in a scenario. and the step numbers from that scenario here Corresponds to a task step in the document Existing Version / Data Existing Version / Data: This block covers data that feeds in from an external process Proces s Decisio n Process Decision: Identifies a decision / branching point. Does not usually correspond to a task step in the document. it is used to reflect a document generated by a task step. this step does not have any incoming flow lines Process Reference SubProcess Reference Sub-Process Reference: If the scenario references another scenario in part. Business Activity / Event: Identifies an action that either leads into or out of the scenario. instead. You have as many rows as required to cover all of the roles in the scenario. this shape reflects data coming from an external source. this shape does not have any outgoing flow lines Business Activity / Event Does not correspond to a task step in the document Budget Planning: Indicates a budget planning document Budget Planning Does not correspond to a task step in a document. instead. instead. such as Accounts Payable Clerk or Sales Representative. Line can also lead to documents involved in the process flow. or an outside Process that happens during the scenario Connects two tasks in a scenario process or a non-step event Financial Actuals: Indicates a financial posting document Financial Actuals Does not correspond to a task step in a document. it is used to reflect a document generated by a task step. Corresponds to a task step in the document Does not generally correspond to a task step in a document. it is used to reflect a document generated by a task step. report. which affects the process flow. Reflects a choice to be made after step execution System Pass/F ail Decisio n System Pass / Fail Decision: This block covers an automatic decision made by the software Does not generally correspond to a task step in the document.
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