Peer Pressure





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individual moral inhibitions or idiosyncratic desires to impose a group norm of attitudes or behaviors 6 .• Peer pressure comprises a set of group dynamics whereby a group of people in which one feels comfortable may override the personal habits.

• These reference groups are sometimes referred to as membership groups.• t requires members to conform to the overall value of the group. when the individual is "formally" a member 7 .

8 . such as yuppies) to which they would like to belong. say.• Individuals may also have aspiration groups (social cliques.

9 .• They may also recognize dissociative groups with which they would not wish to associate (thus drinkers may go to great lengths to avoid being associated with lager louts).

10 . and skipping school. such as pre-marital sex. drug and alcohol use.• The phrase Peer Pressure often carries a negative connotation. in particular as it relates to adolescents being persuaded to partake in potentially harmful behavior.

particularly the Columbine High School Massacre 11 . peer pressure is also considered by many to be the root cause of several recent tragedies in the United States involving young people.• Although the causes of such events are hotly debated.

• Much research has shown that peer pressure has a much greater impact on adolescent behavior than any other factor. 12 .

• Think about it. 13 .

14 .• teenagers spend many more of his or her waking hours with peers than with family members.

and much more powerful than the influence of teachers and other authority figures.• The interaction is direct. 15 .

• Peer pressure tends to have more of an effect on children with low self-esteem. • If a child feels compelled to fit in. the teen may do things that go against his or her beliefs simply to be part of the group. 16 .

How Does Peer Pressure Affect You?? • • • • • Fashion choice Alcohol and other drugs use Decision to have a boyfriend/girlfriend Choice of who our friends are Academic performance 17 .

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• This peer pressure can sometimes be used to great effect by marketers. If they can sway the few opinion leaders in the reference group they will capture the whole group. 19 .

teacher. Directly . 20 .3 Ways for Peer Pressure • 1. • This may be a family member.You may experience peer pressure as someone telling you what you should be doing. • It may be a good idea to talk to someone you trust if you feel threatened. youth worker or counselor. are being hurt or being pressured into something you do not want to do.

Indirectly . you may only smoke when you are with certain friends or you may be more likely to study when you are with other friends. • For example. • It may be that when you are with a different group of friends you are unlikely to do those things.Peer pressure may not always be obvious to you.• 2. 21 . • It is not uncommon for a group of friends to have particular habits or activities that they do together.

• Often it means having to make new friends and fit into a new environment. • When we are feeling unsure about ourselves we may be more likely to feel the effects of peer pressure. 22 .Sometimes the pressure comes from you. • Feeling different from the group may be hard. • To avoid this.• 3. Individual . sometimes we do things to make sure we feel like the rest of the group. • Moving to a new area or starting high school may be scary.

23 .What can we do about it? • Valuing common interests – • Hanging out with people who like doing similar stuff may help to avoid a situation where you feel pressured into stuff you don't want to do. • Being seen hanging out in the cool crowd may not be as much fun as it looks.

• However. it may also feel good to stick with what you believe in.• Saying "No" – • Having the strength to say "no" may be hard. 24 . • Explaining to people in a calm way why you don't want to be part of something may earn you respect from others.

• Try to remember that you don't have to agree with their actions. • Respecting someone else's choice may help them to respect yours. 25 . • Focusing on the reasons why you don't feel happy with the choice may help you not to judge them. try not to place judgments on other people's choices.• Try not to judge others – I • f possible.

• Standing up for someone may help. 26 . • Both of these are ways in which you may be able to create a positive vibe out of peer pressure.• Take action – • Sometimes you are able to tackle peer pressure because you are older or feel more comfortable in your environment.

very strong need to satisfy that thirst for unity and for acceptance. school.• Young people tend to gravitate toward other young people with the same problems and in the same situations as themselves and where they feel they will be understood and accepted. or community. • There is a very. family. 27 . • The feeling of belonging is a very powerful force that can outweigh ties to church.

28 . sex.• In addition to the feeling of belonging and not being alone or socially isolated. • (3) communication and discussion about taboo subjects such as drugs. some characteristics that peer groups offer which make them attractive and that families may lack are: • (1) a strong belief structure. and religion. • (2) a clear system of rules.

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• Helping children cope with peer pressure begins in preschool. Parents who convey a strong. clear (not necessarily rigid) value structure and open avenues of communication about many topics early in life as children are first being exposed to the group pressures in preschool set a pattern for future positive influences. 30 .

31 .• Parents who are hesitant to discourage their children's independence and individuality often send vague messages or no message at all to the child about their perspective on issues. leaving the child to make decisions based on the opinions of his peers.

32 . which children can choose to accept or reject in future situations.• Voicing parental opinion provides guidance.

or styles of dress throughout grade school 33 . toys.• In turn. the knowledge that the child is open to being guided on important matters gives parents a sense of confidence when the child succumbs to the numerous small. inconsequential peer pressures concerning interests.

– Observe what they do and the consequences of their actions." you can prove otherwise. 34 . instead of joining a group just because it is there. – When someone tries to argue "everyone's doing it. – Make positive choices about who you spend time with.Techniques of resisting peer pressure include: • Observe people and the groups with whom they socialize.

parties where no adults will be present.• Avoid situations that present problems . situations where you will have to "prove yourself" to be accepted as part of the group. being alone with a boyfriend or girlfriend who might pressure you to become sexually involved. 35 .

or are you being asked to do something that might have permanent health or legal consequences like using drugs or drinking and driving? 36 .• Evaluate the risk. – Are you being ask to do something that is trivial. like wearing a piece of clothing you wouldn't normally choose.

no one else will either. who will support your decision to say no. 37 . – You do not need to apologize for your individuality. – Find an ally. – If you do not believe yourself. someone who feels the same way you do.• Communicate: Say "No" forcefully and with eye contact.

38 . decide how you will handle the situation before you go or make an excuse to stay home. – If you know that when you go to the mall your friends will shoplift.• Anticipate what your friends will say or do and decide beforehand how you will react.

– No one can make you do something you do not want to.• If you are in a situation where there is conflict. – Start off gradually. walk away. spending less and less time with the people who are pressuring you. seriously think about finding a new friend or set of friends. – If you find yourself anticipating conflict too often. 39 .

– Know why you are doing whatever you do everyday. – Know what activities make you feel good about yourself.• Know yourself. – Make active choices rather than floating along with the crowd. 40 . – Know what moods might make you more susceptible to negative peer influence. – Be aware of your actions.

– Look for people who share your interests outside of your immediate school friends. volunteering. or youth clubs. – Having several different groups of people who accept you gives you choices and social outlets rather than making you dependent on one group of friends 41 .• Get involved in positive activities such as sports. peer tutoring.

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