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Optimization of Unmanned Power Airships for Solar and Wind Power Generation and Distribution

CAT presentation, November 2010 Click to edit Master subtitle style


Ndilokelwa F. Luis Aerospace Engineering Graduate Student No. 61017/D dilasluis@ist.utl.pt

International patent pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

Ndilokelwa Fernandes

motivation

goal and profile:

- goal: preliminary and detail design of two types of UPAs, one for solar and one for wind power generation and distribution; - technology profile: innovative multidisciplinary design and analysis of the airship with a structural topology optimization approach and offshelve auxiliary technologies, expected to benefit from further advancements on materials and energy storage

basic - non tethered robotic airships - unmanned power airships, UPAs concept (*): organized in smart swarm carrousels, maximize the power supply capacity at minimal use and impacts upon territory and biosystem (different from onshore and offshore). (*): international patent pending - unmanned power airships; key- large-scale energy generation and distribution; words: - solar and wind power; - topology optimization; - multidisciplinary analysis and optimization applicati ons:
International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

the UPAs concept should accommodate different missions/ applications, whereby the present work focus on two exemplary embodiments ;

Ndilokelwa Fernandes

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UPAs for airborne solar power generation and distribution


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- short-range, periodic umbrella embodiment

International patent pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

Ndilokelwa Fernandes

LOCATION 51.1445 N 1.4370 W. Copyright 2010 by ASME

motivati on:

solar irradiance increases with altitude generation of solar power in cloudy days less ground space occupancy mobility to meet better weather conditions

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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mission/ application:

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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Copyright 2009-2010 Alva Alta

initial configuration:

LTA oblate spheroid thin-film PV cells/ TE systems on top wireless power transmission all electric propulsion and navigation support systems

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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conceptual design:

Known basic mission requirements speed: wind velocity basic materials properties UPA geometry

Results UPA size: a and b working altitude: h maximum energy/ power generated weight cost

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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min

+ a,b,h . > 0.1< / < 0.9 ..< , , < ..

optimizati on:

nonlinear multivariable optimization using interior point algorithm interior point approach consists of solving a sequence of approximate minimization problems usisng a barrier function original problem:
min f (x), subject to h(x) g(x) 0 and
x

for each > 0, the approximate problem is:


min f (x, s) = ( ) ), ( ) = 0 ( ) + = 0 (
x, s

each iteration uses one of two main types of steps a direct step in (x,s) that attempts to solve the KKT equations a conjugate gradient step using trust region

at each iteration the algorithm decreases a merit function


f (x, s) + ( ( ), ( ) + ) International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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Iteration evolutions:

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results so far:

comparatively high energy performance ratios indicative hovering altitude at ca. 5.000 m

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

UPAs Ndilokelwa Fernandes design concept presentation,

Copyright 2009-2010 Alva Alta

prospective UPA solar umbrella embodiment:

hybrid airship constant lift, substantial horizontal maneuverability variable shape, extended solar area

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

Ndilokelwa Fernandes

UPAs for airborne wind power generation and distribution


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- short-range, ongoing carrousel embodiment

International patent pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

Ndilokelwa Fernandes

Average windspeed over the Netherlands versus the altitude. Copyright 2007 by Bas Lansdorp

motivati on:

wind velocity and frequency increases with altitude ongoing generation of wind power, in locations close to demand less ground space occupancy mobility to meet better weather conditions

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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mission/ application:

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

Ndilokelwa Fernandes Ndilokelwa Fernandes Luis

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Copyright 2009-2010 Alva Alta

initial configuration:

LTA double torus wind turbine/ rotor between torus bulk energy storage device all electric propulsion and navigation support systems

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

Ndilokelwa Fernandes Ndilokelwa Fernandes Luis

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h r R

conceptual design:

Known basic mission requirements speed: wind velocity basic materials properties UPA geometry

Results torus size: R and r wind turbine/ rotor properties airborne path properties maximum generated energy weight cost

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

UPAs Ndilokelwa Fernandes design concept presentation,

Copyright 2009-2010 Alva Alta

2 d

+ R,r, H ,d, B,c,Path,V , . > < < 5 < <10 ..< , , , , , , , , < ..
min

optimizat ion:

nonlinear multivariable optimization using interior point algorithm

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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Iteration evolutions:

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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196% 188% 180% 172% 164% 156% 148% 140% 132% 124% 116% 108% 100% results so far: positive preliminary results further design concept modeling required

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

UPAs Ndilokelwa Fernandes design concept presentation,

Copyright 2009-2010 Alva Alta

prospective UPA wind carrousel airship:

concentric arrangement, multi-body LTA airship substantially vertical operation variable LTA-driven lift, dynamic ballast

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

UPAs Ndilokelwa Fernandes design concept presentation,

UPAs for airborne energy generation and distribution


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- prospective project development

International patent pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

Ndilokelwa Fernandes

Phase I preliminary design:

finish: 03/2011-05/2011 35% of Total Research Effort results:

implementation of the optimization problem exact definition of initial structure and loading

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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Phase II detail design:

finish: 03/2012-05/2012 35% of Total Research Effort

structural optimization using a strategy of topology optimization based on level set methodology structural, fluidic and interaction modeling using Ansys WorkBench final and intermediary results visualized in SolidWorks multidisciplinary analysis and optimization (MAO) strategy having in mind the integration of MAO and structural topology optimization

results:

prototype project

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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Thes is:

finish: 09/2012-11/2012 30% of Total Research Effort results:

thesis submission

International patent 5/11/12 pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

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Optimization of Unmanned Power Airships for Solar and Wind Power Generation and Distribution
CAT presentation, November 2010 Click to edit Master subtitle style
Ndilokelwa F. Luis Aerospace Engineering Graduate Student No. 61017/D dilasluis@ist.utl.pt

International patent pending Alva Alta, all IP rights

Ndilokelwa Fernandes