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OPERATING SYSTEM

Module 3

TOPICS COVERED
Definition

Types of Operating System


SUST SUMT MUMT RTOS Linux Mac OS Windows

Operating System
The operating system (OS) is a set of special

programs that run on a computer system that allow it to work properly. It helps load and save data; to communicate; and to run other programs (applications software).

Types of Operating Systems


Because there are different types of computer, and different uses for them, there are different types of operating system.

Types of Operating System


Batch Processing

Disk Operating System (DOS)

Single User Single Task Single User Multiple Task

Graphical user Interface (GUI)

Multiple User Multiple Task Real-time

Single User Single Task (SUST)


As the name implies, this

operating system is designed to manage the computer so that one user can effectively do one thing at a time. This is what MS-DOS is considered. Ipad and the Palm OS for Palm handheld computers are good example of a modern single-user, single-task operating system

Single User Multiple Task (SUMT)


Windows and Mac OS

are in this category. The OS is designed for only one person to be working on it at a time but it allows for the user to do more than one thing at a time. A great improvement over the SUST OS.

Multiple User Multiple Task (MUMT)


Is where Unix and its clones are.

Are designed so that many users can all work

together on the same system in unison and each user to do several things at once.

Real Time Operating System (RTOS)


This isnt an end user type of OS.

RTOS are used to control machinery, scientific

instruments and industrial systems in industrial and similar places where a computer is used for robotics, data collect, etc. An RTOS typically has very little user-interface capability, since the system will be a "sealed box" when delivered for use.

Linux
Unlike Mac OS and Windows,

Linux is free as air and open to development by the desire to make the technology better While the minimum required hardware for Windows has been bloating, and Macs need more and more horsepower to run OS X, you can still dig out your old 486 and fire up Linux without problems.

Mac OS
Along with its famed

user interface, one of the keys to the success of Mac OS X is the lack of malware, spyware and selfpropagating viruses.

Windows
Windows XP is superior to Vista when it comes to

software compatibility With its built-in firewall, antispyware and antiphishing features, Windows Vista is far safer than XP. Windows 7 starts up, shuts down, resumes from sleep, and responds faster.

http://www.ewart.org.uk/it/op_sys/os_types.htm

http://www.thetechguide.com/articles/os101.html
http://www.computerhope.com/jargon/m/msdos.htm http://www.teach-

ict.com/as_a2_ict_new/ocr/A2_G063/332_designing_syst ems/operating_systems/miniweb/pg2.htm