Convergent and Divergent Thinking

Mary Jo Merickel

jainworld.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.Creativity requires both divergent and convergent + Image from ClipArt 2520Art%2520for%2520Education/images/BOOKS.htm&h=480&w =640&sz=40&hl=en&start=4&tbnid=W23_FDaYuWsoiM:&tbnh=101&tbnw=135&prev= /images%3Fq%3Dbooks%26svnum%3D10%26hl%3Den%26lr%3D%26client%3Dsaf ari%26rls%3Den%26sa%3DG .

google. Qu i ckTi me ™ an d a TIFF (Un co mp re ss e d) de co mp re ss o r a re ne ed ed to se e thi s p i ctu re . QuickTime™ and a TIF F (U ncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture.Divergent thinking is a process involving the production of multiple answers based on what is already known. s?svnum=10&hl=en&lr=&client= safari&rls=en&q=brainstorming& btnG=Search Convergent thinking is evaluating the possible solutions to come up with the best answer to the question at hand. ges?svnum=10&hl=en&lr=&cl ient=safari&rls=en&q=numbe r+1&btnG=Search .

gathering information. . applying conventional and logical techniques.Convergent thinking focuses on background knowledge. Convergent thinking generates established ideas. and using decision-making strategies. Convergent thinking can be thought of as the knowledge base of creativity.

and information is transformed into unanticipated or new lr=&client=safari&rls=en&q=bright+idea&btnG=Searc h .Divergent thinking. It is a process whereby unexpected combinations are made. in contrast to convergent thinking. recognition of abstract associations takes place. QuickT ime™ and a T IF F (Uncompressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. requires one to look for alternative answers from the available knowledge. http://images.

Q uic kT ime ™ a n d a T IFF ( Un co m pr e ss e d) d ec o mp r es s or a re n ee d ed to s e e th is p ictu r e. http://images. (part of convergent thinking) divergent thinking can take safari&rls=en&q=bright+idea&btnG=Search .Once a person has a knowledge The knowledge base also makes it possible for a person to vary their thoughts from the norm and to identify a solution that may be effective.

Examples of convergent and divergent thinking processes. Convergent Divergent Using logic Combining what normally “belongs” together Being accurate Finding the best answer Playing by the rules Taking risks Generating multiple answers Looking from a new perspective Combining what does not “normally” belong together Changing what is known .

Results of convergent and divergent thinking may include the following: Convergent Better understanding of the information Divergent Multiple solutions A new or unexpected answer  New methods or processes Feelings of insecurity and uncertainty A “correct” or “best” answer Closure on the subject Feelings of security .

com/images?svnum=10&hl=en&lr=&client=safari&rls=en&q=creative&btnG=S earch . acquired through convergent thinking.Creativity is not producing something new and exciting from nothing. What is done with this raw material. the transformation of it. is what we think of as creativity. Creativity comes from defining and refining an QuickT ime™ and a T IF F (Uncom pressed) decompressor are needed to see this picture. http://images. The basis of the process of creativity is knowledge.

Convergent thinking enables one to choose the best solution from the multiple answers. Knowledge allows for divergent thinking on that topic to generate multiple answers. .The Creative Process Convergent thinking leads to knowledge on a topic. from The International center for Studies in Creativity Web site: http://www.h tm ハAccessed: 25 June 2006 Gardner. Retrieved June 25. (1999).html . 2006.References ATHERTON J S (2005) Learning and Teaching:ハ Convergent and Divergent Learning ハ [On-line] UK: Available: The Dynamic Balance: Divergence and Convergence. Kathleen A.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful