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Nanotechnology

May 8
Nanotechnology Presented By Eng. Ahmad A. Salah

2012

Degree : M.S.C.E New York Institute Of Technology (NYIT)

Agenda
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What is nanotechnology ? What can nanotechnology do for us ? What has nanotechnology achieved so far ? What is the future devices and communication technologies ? What are the main challenges facing nanotechnology ? Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) Nanotube Applications Molecular Modeling and Simulation in Nanotechnology

What is Nanotechnology?
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Nanotechnology is to build up new large scale materials by using of very small particles at the length scale of the nanometer 10-9.
A Nanometer is a billionth of a Meter, that is, about 1/80,000 of the diameter of a human hair, or 10 times the diameter of a hydrogen atom.

What can nanotechnology do for us? (1/2)


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Nanotechnology consists of three aspects:


Indirect:

progressive miniaturization of existing technology. Direct: to enhance the performance of existing processes and materials. Conceptual: all materials and processes are considered from a molecular viewpoint.

What can nanotechnology do for us? (2/2)


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What has nanotechnology achieved so far ?


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The main areas of allocation to date are in :

Electronics: Top down integrated optics and sensors

Photonics:

Cosmetics

and finishes for surfaces and textiles: skin cosmetic formulations

What is the future devices and commun-ication technologies ?


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Ambient intelligence :
Sensor

and sensing everywhere Solution for radio More speed less energy More memory Power and thermal management

What are the main challenges facing nanotechnology ? (1\2)


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Self-assembly: how to design


Molecular manufacturing:
They

are of comparable size to the workpiece Interfacial forces make nano-scale objects very sticky Difficult to store sufficient information

What are the main challenges facing nanotechnology ? (2\2)


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Nano-particle safety: toxicity. Public acceptance: genetically modified food

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Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) (1/2)

Carbon nanotubes are one of the most commonly mentioned building blocks of nanotechnology.
One

hundred times the tensile strength of steel Thermal conductivity better than all but the purest diamond Electrical conductivity similar to copper, but with the ability to carry much higher currents

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Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs) (2/2)


Carbon nanotubes were 'discovered' in 1991 by Sumio Iijima . Graphite is made up of layers of carbon atoms arranged in a hexagonal lattice, like chicken wire (see the Figure)

Nanotube Applications
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SuperCapacitors

Field Emission Devices

Carbon Nanotube Sensor Networks (CNSN)

Molecular Modeling and Simulation in Nanotechnology


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Molecular modeling and simulation help in fundamental understanding of nano-scale phenomena and as well as in technological applications. Molecular simulations provide excellent opportunities for education and outreach when combined with visualization tools.

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Questions ?