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Next Generation Network

NGN Definition (ITU)

Next Generation Network (NGN) is a packet-based network able to provide services including Telecommunication Services Able to make use of multiple broadband, QoSenabled transport technologies Service-related functions are independent from underlying transport-related technologies Offers unrestricted access by users to different service providers It supports generalized mobility which will allow consistent and ubiquitous provision of services to users.

NGN Comparative now and NGN

NGN - Eventually

NGN Key features

Separation of control functions among bearer capabilities, call/session, and application/ service Decoupling of service provision from network, and provision of open interfaces Support for a wide range of services, applications and mechanisms based on service building blocks (including real time/ streaming/ non-real time services and multi-media, Triple-play) Broadband capabilities with end-to-end QoS and transparency Inter working with legacy networks via open interfaces Generalized mobility support

NGN - Key Features

Unrestricted access by users to different service providers A variety of identification schemes which can be resolved to IP addresses for the purposes of routing in IP networks Unified service characteristics for the same service as perceived by the user Converged services between Fixed/Mobile Independence of service-related functions from underlying transport technologies Compliant with all Regulatory requirements, for example concerning access to emergency communications and security monitoring/privacy, etc.

NGN - Advantages
NGN makes use of best of both worlds
flexibility, efficiency & Innovativeness of IP and QOS,Security Reliability,Customer-friendly features of Proven PSTN

NGN Advantages for service providers

Reduced CAPEX due to integrated and efficient IPbased technology Reduced OPEX due to transmission cost saving, less power consumption, less space requirement, less O&M costs Increase revenue thru increased range of services Increasing market penetration by service customization and unified services Single network layer for management There is no need for separate voice and data networks

NGN Advantages for subscribers

Reduced call charges IP based where time and distance is blurring out New innovative services open interface provide faster and cheaper deployment Single connection and bill for voice, data, video (triple play)

NGN Intelligent Layered Architecture


NGN - Services

NGN Service$
Web Conferencing
Whiteboarding, collaboration, online presentations Significant enhancement to voice call Market: $288M (2001) $1.3bn (2005) *

Unified Messaging
Combine email, voicemail, fax in one inbox Market: $1.15bn (2001) $3bn (2005) *
(*) source: Telecommunications Industry Association 2003 Market Review

NGN Whats wrong with PSTN TDM

Nothing is wrong with it, but
Long term, industry direction is NGN not TDM

There are immediate opportunities

Cost savings New business / revenue generating opportunities

If do nothing, others will deploy next gen technologies

Drive down prices Increase customers expectations

TM Perspective- Background
Current network Access network
8000 DSLAM, 300 RAS, LL Router ATM SDH Sonet, Metro-E

Core network
4x2.5G from North-Central-South DDN & DWDM International capacity 40G 3 Gateways : CBJ, KLJ & BRF

TM Perspective- Why NGN?

Video conferencing PC- and cablebased telephony E-mail, chat, and instant message Video/audio streaming On-line gaming VOD Unified messaging

Support for a wide range of services and information flows. Point-to-point, multipoint, broadcast and multicast. Voice, data, video and multi-media applications in a telecommunication network Service beyond voice

NGN is application driven, NOT technology driven.

TM Perspective- Why NGN?

Forecast by KTAK from the MyICMS886
8 Infrastructure 8 Services 6 Growth Areas

Increase of Broadband users

1.3 mil broadband users Using huge services such as VoIP, P2P, FTP and etc. To facilitate on the Digital Home requirement
Triple-Play and Four-Play

TM Perspective- Why NGN?

Better opportunity to gain business
The revenue of Fixed line drop since 2001 from 75% to 41% Cost saving Convergence of the service in to Internet based services & technologies to reduce the cost
2 billions save over 10 years

TM Perspective- Cost Saving

$3 million
13 racks (USD171.60 )

Circuit Switch (PSTN) Packet Switch (NGN Price Tag Equipments Size
36,000 lines
1 rack (USD13.20)

Man - Power Spares Parts OS Power Consumption

Proprietary 600 A (USD62.40)

24A (USD4.80)

Test Bed (IBM P630) IP Unity (300 port) LAN Switch Catalyst 2950 (private) Application Server + Parlay Gateway (2*IBM P630) Database Server Data Warehouse Server Provision EMS (2*IBM P630 + Provision (2*IBM P630 + Server Server Disk Array &133) Server Disk Array &133) (IBM P630) (Intel) (IBM P630)


Web Server / SMS(WPS)

FE 100


LAN Switch Catalyst 2950 (public)

IP Unity MS (2100 ports)

ONM Client (6 PCs)

Core switch

Integrated Interface Server (Intel)

Existing Huawei & Sonus Soft Switch Equipment (Putrajaya)

Huawei LS (Huawei R (Huawei 3526) SoftSwitch NE08) Sonus SoftSwitch BRK Existing Sonus MGW RASAH

Firewall 1 GE (for IP CENTREX System) Router (Juniper M7i)

Firewall 2

DMZ Lanswitch

ITD MS at PUTRAJAYA connected to BRK MG



ATM SEBERANG JAYA STAMPIN LAN switch (Huawei 3526) R (Huawei NE40) IP Unity MS 700 port Existing Siemens MGW IP Unity MS 700 port Existing Sonus MGW

LAN switch (Huawei 3526) FE

IP Unity MS 1400 port

Existing Huawei MGW

TM Perspective- When?
The strategy is in phases
Stage 1
Convergence of Fixed Line, Data & Internet in to single platform Currently, TM able to offer maximum of 4Mbps (subject to availability of IPDSLAM) The trial shall be at 10Mbps access on selected business area

Stage 2
To convergence Mobile

Final Stage
Complete by 2010.

TM Perspective- Investment ?
Required huge investment in on
Access Network Core Network Integration Billing

Impact of the International network

TM Perspective- Benefits ?
E-mail, chat, and instant message

Video Conferencing Video On Demand Gamming Text to Speech Speech to Text Unified Communications Presence IM Click-to-call Home manager Smart house

Video/audio streaming

On-line gaming


Other Experiences of NGN - general Idea

NGN evolution may differ between developed and developing countries because of access and affordability NGN development is expected to flourish in countries with robust broadband policies or extensive broadband penetration Countries such as India, Pakistan and Malaysia have adopted facilitative broadband policies, making these markets ideal candidates for NGN migration.

Other Experiences of NGN - general Idea (cont.)

Although we got some standard definitions that have been pointed out previously , every country has different claims and definitions for NGN. In the Republic of Korea, Korea Telecom uses the name BcN (Broadband convergence Network), and plans to have an entirely IPbased network by 2012. Telekom Austria aims to do the same by 2009.

Other Experiences of NGN - general Idea (cont.)

In Canada, Telus and Bell Canada have also announced plans to implement NGN, as well as Sprint and Qwest of the United States, and Italys Telecom Italia. Japanese carrier, NTT, is building an NGN and developing ubiquitous broadband services.

NGN Level in Developing Countries

Most African countries have yet to launch high speed Internet services, although a few, such as Morocco and Libya, offer broadband services of up to 20 Mbit/s. Sonatel in Senegal has rolled out a triple-play service bundle offering voice, Internet access and television programming.

NGN Level in Developing Countries (cont.)

Most mobile operators have 2G (secondgeneration) networks. Some of these are being transformed into 2.5G or GPRS (general packet radio service) networks, Most people in the developing world, mobile broadband services such as GPRS and 3G are still out of reach.

NGN Level in Developing Countries (cont.)

But developing countries also have certain advantages in the migration process to NGN. Compared to more developed markets, service providers in the developing world generally have fewer legacy products in their core networks (for example, ISDN, IP, ATM, FR, and SHDS). This makes it easier for them to leapfrog to all IP-based systems. Service providers in developing countries are aware of the potential cost-saving efficiency of NGN and in Brazil, India and Viet Nam, although they are mostly concentrated in highly populated, high-income areas.

NGN - United Kingdom

In the UK, BT has named its NGN the 21st Century Network, to which it transferred the first customer lines in November 2006 in the village of Wick By the end of summer 2007, around 350 000 households in the area are expected to have joined them.

NGN - United Kingdom (cont.)

BT will then review the project before moving (to the planned national upgrade of all remaining customers across the United Kingdom some 30 million lines supported from over 5500 telephone exchanges. This new network will deliver voice, data, broadband and multimedia services, more quickly and cheaply than before. (new generation of broadband with speeds of up to 24 Mbit/s)