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NISCHITHA .P. R
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Trenchless technology is basically making a tunnel below the surface and installing service lines like water or gas pipes, electric or telecommunication cables etc without any disruption to the public with minimum amount of surface excavation It also makes it possible to install the utilities under rivers, canals and other obstacles with no disruption of flow and with minimum or no damage to the environment
TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY METHODS n New installation Rehabilitation and Renovation n 33 .
including dealing with service connections are : Micro tunneling Horizontal directional drilling Short drive systems Guided drilling l l l l 44 .New installation Methods for the installation of a new pipeline or duct.
MICRO TUNNELING Ø Used to describe remotely controlled mechanical tunneling systems. Used extensively for sewage work where surface disruption has to be minimized Noise levels and traffic disruptions are minimized Ø Ø 55 .
Micro tunneling 66 .
large rivers and airport runways.Horizontal directional drilling Ø Used for installing pressure pipes under major obstacles such as motor way intersections. 77 .
range 100 to 1000 mm diameter n 88 . which is transported by auger flights operating in a casing to the drive pit.Short drive systems Ø n Auger boring To excavate the soil.
Auger boring 99 .
Auger boring machine 1010 .
works as a pneumatic cylinder with compressed air causing the head of the mole to repeatedly hammer against the soil infront of it 1111 . a pneumatically driven machine known as a mole forces its way through the soil along the desired path of pipe Mole is a steel cylinder 60cm long and 6cm diameter.Impact moling n n During moling.
Moling equipment 1212 .
PIPE RAMMING & THRUST BORING >Used to install steel pipes and casings over distances up to 30m long and 1.5m dia >It is not suitable in soils where there are solid rock formations >Used for shallow installations under railway lines and roads >Horizontal and vertical installations 1313 .
Small diameter jets. mechanized cutting tools or displacement heads attached to a flexible drill string are positioned to form a bore as the head is thrust forward Click to edit Master subtitle style 1414 .GUIDED DRILLING Guided drilling employs an excavation or soil displacement with compact lightweight rig for rapid mobilization.
Guided drilling equipment 1515 .
Rehabilitation and Renovation 1. 1616 . 3. Pipe bursting Pipe eating Relining the existing pipes Localized repair 2. 4.
Pipe bursting n In this method an existing pipeline can be replaced with a pipeline of the same or larger dimension without opening up the ground. 1717 .
Pipe Eating n Pipe eating is an online micro tunnel replacement technique The existing defective pipeline is crushed and removed through the new pipeline n 1818 .
RELINING THE EXISTING PIPES n Cured-in-Place lining Close-fit linings Slip-lining Spray linings n n n 1919 .
coated filled tube is inverted(left) or pulled (right) into a damaged pipe Next.Curedin-Place lining A resin saturated. jointless & corrosion-resistant replacement pipe 2020 . hot water or steam is used to cure the resin & form a tightfitting.
LOCALIZED REPAIR 2121 .
TRENCHLESS VS CONVENTIONAL CONSTRUCTION Comparison of trenchless technique and conventional construction 2222 .
TECHNIQUES OF TRENCHLESS TECHNOLOGY IN INDIA Ø Directional Ø Ramming Ø Moling Ø Auger drilling boring 2323 .
Need for trenchless technology n The disadvantages in and difficulties trenching encountered methods conventional have resulted in thinking of the need for trenchless technology n The advantages of the no-dig technology are also areas 2424 responsible for the need of this technology to be adopted in mainly urban .
backfilling and site restoration 2525 . cracks appear in the adjacent buildings Involves excavation.Disadvantages of Open trench method n n n n It creates obstruction of roads. while cutting deep trenches in congested areas. causing traffic jams and interrupts surface operations Pumping may be required in areas with high water table Many a times. pipe removal & replacement.
4. It reduces damage of valuable surface Quiet and non-disruptive technique Requires less exposed working area and hence safer for both workers and community Excavation is not necessary between access points Requires less space underground. 2. 5. minimizing chances of interfering with existing utilities or abandoned pipes 2626 .ADVANTAGES OF NO-DIG TECHNOLOGY 1. 3.
3.CONCLUSION 1. There by keeping the earth unexcavated The recent development is the use of robots. we can successfully implement pipes under the surface with out making any disruptions to the environment and public This enables us to retain our available resources. By adopting this technology. 2. They can enter hazardous environment and provide users with digital data 2727 .
THANK YOU 2828 .