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Damage to Rainforest
Tropical rainforests are forests with high trees, warm climate and high rainfall. Rainforests can found in the tropics area, the area between Capricorn and Cancer Tropical. In this area, the sun is very strong and the quantity of the same time each day throughout the year, making the climate warm and stable.
. including Indonesia. people in places like the United States are directly contributing to the destruction of rainforests. By buying certain wood products. flooring. and construction are harvested from tropical forests in Africa.One of the main causes of rainforest destruction is logging. Asia. and South America. Many types of wood used for furniture.
including: Wood for building and wood to make fire.• • • • • Humans are the main causes of forest loss. Of grass to feed cattle. Agriculture for both small and large. Land for poor farmers who do not have anywhere else to live. Road construction . Humans cut down the rain forest with a lot of reasons.
forests also transferred its functions to the large-scale plantations are also doing a thorough deforestation. Since the introduction of modern wood cutting machine (chansiaw) in the early 1980s. Then proceed with the issuance of the licenses of forest plantations in 1990. In addition. logging in Indonesia increased sharply. . and a resettlement area. that does clear-cutting (land clearing).Deforestation problem that resulted in the destruction of forests is not a new thing in Indonesia. Large-scale logging began in 1970.
Conservation Function (protection) Can be considered as a function of maintenance and preservation of biodiversity and ecosystems is the forest into a conservation area is a region with a good environment. Nature reserves (KSA) consists of nature reserves (CA). restoring erosion. Influence on Climate Forest is the largest producer of oxygen and Indonesia have a lot of wet tropical forests as the largest producer of oxygen. the influence of rainfall reached 60% and 40% in the ocean. fresh air and beautiful scenery such as nature conservation area (KPA). prevent the intrusion of sea water and maintaining soil fertility. and biosphere reserves (CB). wildlife sanctuaries (SM). Influence on rainfall Effects of forests on rainfall is very large. prevent flooding. which consists of national parks. One way to improve our climate is to improve our forests to climate changes are not so varied as melting polar ice caps. In the island states. The Production Function In a forest area has a main function of producing forest products for the benefit of foreign exchange improvement and welfare of the community. global warming. • • • • . forest parks and botanical garden tour.Important Role of Rainforests • Protected Function In a forest area has a main function as protection of life supporting systems to manage the water system.
estate. because the negligence of the people themselves who do not pay attention or do not care like throwing cigarette butts into the woods and others. immigrants and entrepreneurs from the city's forest areas to the profitable cultivation of crops. – Pests and diseases Pest incidence of large-scale consequences of excessive use of pesticides so as to make the pests and diseases have become resistant to pesticides and attack all the existing plants or trees in a forest .The causes and Damage Factors Rainforest • Terms of Biophysical – Illegal logging (illegal logging) Illegal logging in a forest area triggered the destruction of forests and declining or changing the function of the forest. – Encroachment Farmers who grow perennial crops plantations can lead to a major threat to forest damage created by the rich farmers. etc. – Development program Development programs that utilize the forest land such as rice. so that the forest is changing the function and would be bad for the environment. but now there are major threats to the widespread view of the "free for anyone it "includes the population to cut as much wood – Forest Fires Fires in Indonesia. transmigration (residential). although logging has been banned for years by local government and the military. This led to widespread encroachment so that through the forest boundaries have been set up not to be used as agricultural land or plantations.
where society is more dominant agricultural crop plants from the forest due to the time required by agricultural crops faster than crop yield forestry. red stone mill which stood in the forest. which should be a land that is forest area. in the preparation of spatial planning. – Perception and understanding that is not appropriate to the forest resources. . housing and others.• In terms of management – Government policy does not take sides on the environment. – Development plan which pays little attention to the preservation of forests such as building houses of red stone. where the plant was using fuel wood harvested from forests so that people troop to denude the forest for firewood supply needs of the plant red stone. a farming area. for example.
3. . Contamination Contamination is now rampant in Indonesia. Forest Unofficial estimates from the World Bank Indonesia stated that each year 1. although this is damaging the environment.5 million hectares of forest loss over the last 12 years and if this is allowed there will be instability or imbalance which would adversely affect the environment for human life. where plant wastes dumped without regard to the impact on the environment. Poverty This will lead to greater environmental damage because every person will do anything for a bite of rice is done.Impact Damage to Tropical Rainforests • Largest elements of the environmental damage that is: 1. 2.
. In general. Functions of forest climatological close relationship between the breakdown of climate elements such as rain. sociological. the sun and wind to be underutilized and unfocused. The whole forest in Banten act as the lungs throughout the ecosystem Banten province. such as forests in the surrounding watershed (DAS). wind and sunlight. biological and economical.Damage to forests from logging (deforestation) according to an analysis of experts : • Excessive exploitation were not only found in mountain forests. the temperature and humidity rise. temperature. The symptoms include pain ecosystems pemsukkan and expenditure (cycle) of water was not controlled. • Forests have multiple functions of forests ranging from multipurpose function of climatological. but also in other forest areas. hydrological. exploitation of forests lead to the disruption of these functions are very difficult to be restored. humidity.
Or. Since 1996 we have lost the forest reaches 2 million hectares per year or equal to six football fields every minute. deforestation Indonesia reached 40 percent of the total forest area (Witoelar. 2011). .Currently. Deforestation and forest degradation is impacting on the forest for human life. Until now shrinking forests in Indonesia almost reach approximately 65 million hectares. only the remaining 43 million hectares of virgin forest in the category (Kemenhut. 133.98 ha of forest area. 2010).300.543.
plantations. • selective logging • Reforestation of all parties • Revoke the license of the company • Satellite CCTV fitted to prevent the destruction of tropical forests .Solution • Implementation of CSR programs for companies that use the land of all types of forests. including tropical rain forests by planting tree species that exist in tropical rainforests • Study the re-draft a letter of permission for felling trees or establish cutting. etc.
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