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OWA200001 3G Overview
ISSUE 1.0

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Upon completion of this course, you will be able to:


Know the development of 3G
Know the feature of each 3G standard Know the architecture of WCDMA system

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Chapter 1 3G Summary Chapter 2 3G Standard Contrast Chapter 3 WCDMA System Architecture

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Different Service, Different Technology


1G 1980s Analog
AMPS

2G 1990s Digital
GSM CDMA IS-95 TDMA IS-136 PDC

3G IMT-2000

TACS NMT Others

UMTS WCDMA
Demands drive

Demands drive

CDMA 2000 TDSCDMA

3G provides compositive services for both operators and subscribers


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3G Evolution
Proposal of 3G

IMT-2000: the general name of third generation mobile communication system The third generation mobile communication was first proposed in 1985and was renamed as IMT-2000 in the year of 1996 Commercialization: around the year of 2000 Work band : around 2000MHz The highest service rate :up to 2000Kbps

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3G Objectives
3G is developed to achieve:
Universal frequency band for standard and seamless global

coverage

High spectral efficiency High quality of service with complete security and reliability Easy and smoothly transition from 2G to 3G, compatible with 2G Provide multimedia services, with the rates: Vehicle environment: 144kbps Walking environment: 384kbps Indoor environment: 2Mbps

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3G Spectrum Allocation
1850 1900 1950 2000
2010 MHz

2050

2100

2150

2200

2250

ITU
1885 MHz

IMT 2000
GSM 1800 DECT
1805 MHz
cellular(1)

MSS 2025 MHz

IMT 2000
2110 MHz

MSS

2170 MHz

Europe

UMTS
cellular(2)

MSS 1980 MHz


2025MHz

UMTS

MSS

1880 MHz
cellular(2) CDMA
1865

China

GSM 1800

FDD TDD WLL WLL


1920 1945

CDMA

FDD WLL
1960 1980

1885

1895

1918

2170 MHz

Japan
1865 1870

C PHS

IMT A 2000
1930 1945 1965 1970 1975

MSS

IMT A 2000

MSS

1885 1890 1895

1910

1990 MHz

2165 MHz Broadcast auxiliary Reserve MSS

USA

PCS
A D B EF C A D B EF C

MSS

1850

1900

1950

2000

2050

2100

2150

2200

2250

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Bands WCDMA used


Main bands

1920 ~ 1980MHz / 2110 ~ 2170MHz


Supplementary bands: different country maybe different

1850 ~ 1910 MHz / 1930 MHz ~ 1990 MHz (USA) 1710 ~ 1785MHz / 1805 ~ 1880MHz (Japan) 890 ~ 915MHz / 935 ~ 960MHz (Australia)

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3G Application Service
BER

conversational

streaming

interactive

background

Time Delay
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Chapter 1 3G Summary Chapter 2 3G standard contrast Chapter 3 WCDMA System Architecture

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The Core technology of 3G: CDMA


WCDMA
CN: based on MAP and GPRS RTT: WCDMA - FDD/TDD

cdma2000
CN: based on ANSI 41 and MIP RTT: cdma2000

TD-SCDMA

CDMA

CN: based on MAP RTT: TD-SCDMA

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What is CDMA?
FDMA TDMA

power
power

CDMA

power

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Features of CDMA
High spectrum efficiency Security

spreaded signal is close to noise with ability of anti-interference


Soft capacity
More band occupancy Self-interference system

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WCDMA Protocol Version Evolution


MBMS HSUPA IMS HSDPA CS domain change to NGN WCDMA RTT

3GPP Rel6

3GPP Rel5

GSM/GPRS Core Network WCDMA RTT

3GPP Rel4

3GPP Rel99

2000/03

2001/03

2002/03

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cdma2000 Protocol Version Evolution

DO: Data Only, 3Mbps DV: Data and Voice Voice: double capacity Data rate: 307.2kbps Voice: same as 95A Data rate: 115.2kbps Voice: QCELP Data rate: 9.6kbps

cdma2000 1xEV-DO/DV

cdma20001x

IS-95B IS-95A

cdma2000-3x

1995

1998

2000

2002

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The development of TD-SCDMA

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Comparison between Three 3G Technologies


WCDMA Multiple Access method Duplex method Carrier band Chip rate Synchronization Transmission Diversity Receiver FDMACDMA FDD 5MHz 3.84Mcps Asynchronous STTDTSTD OTDSTS FBTD None cdma2000 FDMACDMA FDD 1.25MHz 1.2288Mcps Synchronous TD-SCDMA FDMATDMACDMA TDD 1.6MHz 1.28Mcps Synchronous

RAKE
1500Hz
Soft handover and

RAKE
800Hz
Soft handover and

RAKE
200Hz
Baton handover

Power control
Handover

hard handover

hard handover

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Chapter 1 3G Summary Chapter 2 3G standard contrast Chapter 3 WCDMA System Architecture

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WCDMA System Architecture


CN
Core Network CS Iu-CS RNS Iur RNC RNC RNS PS Iu-PS

UTRAN
Iub Node B

Iub
Node B

Iub
Node B

Iub Node B

Uu

UE
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WCDMA R99 Network Architecture


MSC/VLR

PSTN ISDN
GMSC

GSM /GPRS BSS


BSC BTS PCU

HLR/AUC

SS7

SCE SMS

RNC
NodeB
GPRS backbone/

SCP Internet, Intranet GGSN

UTRAN

SGSN CG BG

Other PLMN

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WCDMA R4 Network Architecture


IP/ATM Backbone
MGW MGW

PSTN ISDN

GSM /GPRS BSS BSC BTS PCU RNC

VMSC Server

GMSC Server

HLR/AUC

SS7

SCE SMS SCP Internet, Intranet GGSN

NodeB
GPRS backbone

SGSN UTRAN CG BG

Other PLMN

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WCDMA R5 Network Architecture


CS domain
GSM /GPRS BSS BSC BTS
MGW

IP/ATM Backbone
MGW

PSTN/PLMN

VMSC Server GMSC Server HLR/AUC/HSS

Iu-CS
PCU RNC SCP NodeB SS7 SCE SMS Internet, Intranet GGSN
MGW

Iu-PS
GPRS backbone

UTRAN

SGSN

PS domain

CG

MGCF
S-CSCF MRFC

BG
IP backbone

P-CSCF
MRFP

IMS domain

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Thank You
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