Approaches to Industrial Relations
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Meaning and scopes of IR qDunlop’s framework of ir system qTheoretical perspective qRule making and industrial relationship qBasic concepts and values qPartnership model for sound industrial relations
Defining Industrial Relationship
Industrial relations encompasses a set of
phenomena. concerned with determining and regulating employment relationship
Relationship between management and
employees or among employees and their organization that characterize and grow out of employment. both inside and outside the workplace.
Safeguard the interest of workers Fixing reasonable wages Providing good working conditions Providing other good social security measures Maintaining healthy trade unions Enhance economic status of workers Reduce conflicts in the organization Make good relations with subordinates
3 3 The scope of industrial relations includes all aspects of
relationships such as bringing cordial and healthy labour management relations. creating industrial peace and developing industrial democracy.
John Dunlop and an Industrial Relations System
CONTEXTS ACTORS OUTCOMES
EconomicEmployers Social Managers Legal Trade Unions Productivity Political Conflict Logical Employees
Managerial Reg Collective Bargaining Legal Reg.
Pay and Conditions Inc Less
Techno – Customers Shareholders Feedback
Participation of Govt.
Work place conflict is seen as temporary Unions cooperate with the management
aberration. tribunals and unions is
. resulting from poor management
Management’s right to manage is accepted
because there is no ‘we they” feeling harmony
Focus is on common interest and promotion of Based on reactive strategy. individual treatment.UNITARY APPROACH
team work and shared goals.
Conflict between management and workers are
inevitable but containable through various institutional arrangements ( like collective (CONFLICT APPROACH ) bargaining.
Trade unions are representative of employee
It also perceives stability in IR as the product of
5/17/12 concessions and compromises between
. giving rise to a conflict of interests. conciliation and arbitration etc) and is in fact considered essential for innovation and growth. Pluralism is belief in the existence of more than
one ruling principle.
as-well-as a weapon to 5/17/12
Marxists like pluralists also regard conflict as
inevitable but see it as a product of capitalistic society where as pluralist believe that the conflict is inevitable in all organizations conflict arises not because of rift between management and workers but because of the division in the society between those who own resources and those who have only labor to offer..
For Marxists IR has wider meaning. For them
Industrial conflict is thus equated with political and
Trade Unions are seen both as labor reaction to
exploitation by capitalists.
Rules Making & Industrial Relationship
Rules in IR are shaped by their Legal.
Economic. Collective bargaining
. Political. unilateral parties . Social and Historical context
Constitutional and legislation framework party . tripartite accords Parties
v Single v Two
Basic Concepts And Values
Equity and Fairness Power and Authorities Individualism and Collectivism Integrity .Trust and
It is a model based upon collaboration between
labor and management which construct a healthy environment and leads to win-win situation for both the parties