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APPOSITIVE

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Definition of appositive

An appositive is a word or group of

words that identifies or renames another word in a sentence.

Example :

The insect, a cockroach, is crawling across the kitchen table.

Look at this example ..

During the dinner conversation, Clifford, the messiest eater at the table, ate mashed potatoes like an erupting volcano.

Have to remember,

If a word is an appositives it is NOT the subject. Examples :

Robert, a really good artist, is making a new painting.

Have to remember, If a word is an appositives it is NOT the subject. Examples :

Subject

Appositive

Verb

A really good artist, Robert is making a new painting.

Have to remember, If a word is an appositives it is NOT the subject. Examples :

Appositive

Have to remember, If a word is an appositives it is NOT the subject. Examples :

Subject

Verb

Punctuate the appositive correctly

The important point to remember is that a nonessential appositive is always separated from the rest of the sentence with comma(s).

When the appositive begins the sentence

A hot-tempered tennis player, Robbie charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull

with a racket.

When the appositive interrupts the sentence,

Robbie, a hot-tempered tennis player, charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull

with a racket.

And when the appositive ends the sentence,

Upset by the bad call, the crowd cheered Robbie, a hot-tempered tennis player who charged the

umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket.

From Adjective Clauses to

Appositives

  • Jimbo Gold is a professional magician.

  • Jimbo Gold performed at my sister's birthday

party.

Jimbo Gold, a professional magician, performed at my sister's birthday party

Four Variations

Appositives that Repeat a Noun Negative Appositives Multiple Appositives

  • List Appositives with Pronouns

Appositives that Repeat a Noun

Although an appositive usually renames a noun in a sentence, it may instead repeat a noun for the sake of clarity and emphasis

In America, as in anywhere else in the world, we must find a focus in our lives at an early age, a focus that is beyond the mechanics of earning a living or coping with a household.

(Santha Rama Rau, "An invitation to Serenity")

Negative Appositives

Most appositives identify what someone or something is, but there are also negative appositives that identify what someone or something is not

Negative appositives begin with a word such as not, never, or rather than.

Line managers and production employees, rather than staff specialists, are primarily responsible for quality assurance.

Multiple Appositives

Two, three, or even more appositives may appear alongside the same noun

As long as we don't overwhelm the reader with too much information at one time, a double or triple appositive can be an effective way of adding supplementary details to a sentence.

Saint Petersburg, a city of almost five- million people, Russia's second- largest and northernmost metropolis, was designed three centuries ago by Peter the Great.

List Appositives with Pronouns

A final variation is the list appositive that precedes a

pronoun such as all or these or everyone

Streets of yellow row houses, the ochre

plaster walls of old churches, the crumbling sea-green mansions now

occupied by government offices--all seem in sharper focus, with their defects hidden by the snow.

(Leona P. Schecter, "Moscow")

Identifying Appositives

  • 1. John Reed, an American journalist, helped found the Communist Labor Party in America.

ANSWER
ANSWER

An American journalist

2. My sister, who is a supervisor at Munchies, drives a company car.
2.
My sister, who is a supervisor at
Munchies, drives a company car.
ANSWER
ANSWER

Who is a supervisior at Munchies

3. I took a cookie from Gretel, who is the woodcutter's daughter.
3.
I took a cookie from Gretel, who is
the woodcutter's daughter.
ANSWER
ANSWER

The woodcutter’s daughter

4. I once saw Margot Fonteyn, the famous ballerina.
4. I once saw Margot Fonteyn, the
famous ballerina.
ANSWER
ANSWER

The famous ballerina

5. (Combine the two sentences below by turning the second sentence into an appositive. Lewis Carroll
5.
(Combine the two sentences below by turning
the second sentence into an appositive.
Lewis Carroll is the author of Alice in
Wonderland.
Lewis Carroll was a mathematics lecturer at
Oxford University.
ANSWER
ANSWER

Lewis Carroll , a mathematics lecturer at Oxford University, is the author of Alice in Wonderland.

6. (Combine the following sentences into one clear sentence: turn the first three sentences into a
6.
(Combine the following sentences into one clear
sentence: turn the first three sentences into a list
appositive.
Jackie Robinson was a fierce competitor.
Jackie Robinson was a daring runner.
Jackie Robinson was a solid hitter.
Jackie Robinson led the Brooklyn Dodgers to six
World Series in his ten years with the team.
ANSWER
ANSWER

A fierce competitor, a daring runner, and a solid hitter, Jackie Robinson led the Brooklyn Dodgers to six World Series in his ten years with the team.

7. The Duncan sofa,

__________

's antique furniture market.

is highly valued in today

a colonial masterpiece,

a colonial masterpiece which

it is a colonial masterpiece that whose colonial masterpiece

8. Ulysses S . Grant,

________

,

showed great

magnanimity in receiving the surrender of his arch- rival, Robert E . Lee at the end of the Civil War.

that was the supreme commander of Northern forces

who supremely commanding Northern forces he was the supreme commander of Northern forces the supreme commander of Northern forces

9. Though renowned for his work with the deaf, Alexander

Graham Bell is best remembered for his invention of the

telephone, ________.

that it was an invention of ingenuity and impact it was an invention of ingenuity and impact an invention of ingenuity and impact invention ingeniously and impaction

10. Mars,

__________

,

has been a source of human

fascination for untold generations of sky gazers.

the fourth planet from the Sun

it is the fourth planet from the Sun

which the fourth planet from the Sun is it is it the fourth planet from the Sun

THANK YOU
THANK YOU