Single European Sky

Technical Seminar

Presented by Amalendu panda 1ST Year MCA CENTER FOR IT EDUCATION

Single European Sky
-> What is ATC ? -> How ATC works ? -> About Airspace. -> Flight profile and preflight. -> Ground control. -> Departure control. -> En Route and Descent. -> Radar hand off control. -> Approach. -> Landing control -> Air traffic control problems

Single European Sky What is ATC ? • Air traffic control (ATC) is a service provided by ground-based controllers who direct aircraft on the ground and in the air. • A controller's primary task is to separate certain aircraft — to prevent them from coming too close to each other by use of lateral, vertical and longitudinal separation. • Secondary tasks include ensuring safe, orderly and expeditious flow of traffic and providing information to pilots, such as weather, navigation information and NOTAMs.e for the region is normally used.

Single European Sky

Workshop Ljubljana

February 2005

Single European Sky Contents of Presentation Situation of ATM in Europe Background Institutional set-up SES-Implementation .

More than 60 Area Control Centres in Europe in 2003.Single European Sky Situation of ATM in Europe European airspace is fragmented according to national borders rather than traffic flows. .

.Single European Sky Situation of ATM in Europe Sectors and routes are designed according to national borders rather than traffic flows.

Single European Sky Situation of ATM in Europe Traffic is still expected to grow. . and even to double between 1997 and 2020.

Single European Sky Situation of ATM in Europe Congestion leads to sub optimal trajectories. .

Single European Sky Situation of ATM in Europe The busiest routes have to avoid military areas. .

Single European Sky Situation of ATM in Europe Military areas are located in the core area of Europe. .

• Civil and Military providers and users. • Systems. • Main principles: – Reduce fragmentation between: • the airspace of Member States. – Introduce new technology – create synergy EU – Eurocontrol . Vice President Ms de Palacio. launched the initiative in 1999.Single European Sky Background • The European Commission.

Dec 2003: European Parliament and Council agree on regulations by co-decision. Jan . .Single European Sky Background Dec 1999: Communication from the Commission.Dec 2000: High Level Group. End 2001: Commission presents 4 legislative proposals.

html .Single European Sky Background 20 April 2004: • • • • Entry into force of 4 Regulations of the European Parliament and the Council: No 549/2004: Framework No 550/2004: Service Provision No 551/2004: Airspace No 552/2004: Interoperability Publication in the Official Journal of the European Union in edition L 96 of 31 March 2004. see:

Single European Sky Institutional Set-up • Single Sky committee • Industry consultation body • Co-operation with Eurocontrol .

NO.Single European Sky Single Sky Committee The Single Sky Committee assists the Commission • 2 representatives per Member State (civil & military representation) • Observers: Eurocontrol. European countries with aviation agreements (CH. 2/3 of weighted votes) . IS) • chaired by the Commission Decision making process: • consultative (simple majority of MS) • regulatory (qualified majority of MS.

Single European Sky Single Sky Committee (2) Functions of the Committee: • Provide opinion on draft Commission implementing rules (regulations/directives/decisions) • Provide opinion on draft mandates to Eurocontrol • Policy guidance (SESAME) • (if needed) coordination of Community position within Eurocontrol • (in the future) address problems in connection with FABs 5 meetings so far. the next one in March 2005 .

EBAA. NAV (1)) 1 Meteorological Service Providers (Aviation Meteorology Group) . AEA (2). members: 4 ATSP (CANSO) 4 Manufacturing Industry (ASD formerly AECMA) 2 Airports (ACI) 5 Professional staff associations (Joint ATM Working Group (4). IACA. ELFAA. ECA/IFALPA (1)) 8 Airspace Users (IATA.Single European Sky Industry Consultation Body Established by SES-regulation in order to provide Commission with advice by all stakeholders. ERA. IAOPA) 2 CNS Service Providers (COM (1).

next meeting in March 2005 current subjects of interest: SESAME. priorities. orientation for research . interoperability ICB to express expectations on new technology. timetable.Single European Sky Industry Consultation Body (2) Observers: 1 Eurocontrol 2 Non-European Interests (FAA and AIA) 1 Military (CMIC) 1 Research Establishments (EATRADA) Chair: Fritz Feitl (Ex-CEO of Tyrolean Airlines) Vice-Chair: Colin Chisholm (NATS/UK) 3 meetings so far.

Single European Sky Eurocontrol The European Community has become a member of Eurocontrol besides the (presently 22) MS. Memorandum of Cooperation of December 2003 between the European Commission and Eurocontrol organises cooperation in the domain of Single Sky. . Statistics and GNSS Through mandates Eurocontrol contributes to the implementation of the Single Sky. relations with Eurocontrol are area of shared national and Community competence. Research.

Single European Sky Mandates to Eurocontrol • • • • • charging regime: draft IR transmitted in OCT 2004 airspace design: draft IR transmitted in JAN 2005 Flexible use of airspace: draft IR transmitted in JAN 2005 Functional airspace block: report under preparation Interoperability: Coordination and Transfer between ATS-units: draft IR under preparation (expected in Spring) • Interoperability: Flight Message Transfer Protocol: draft IR under preparation (expected in Spring) • Interoperability: Initial Flight Plan: draft IR under preparation (expected in Spring) new mandates to be issued during 2005 .

Single European Sky Implementation •European upper information region (EUIR) •Functional airspace blocks (FAB) •Flexible use of airspace (FUA) •National Supervisory Authorities (NSA)/Designation •(certification ANSP) •ATCO-licence •Interoperability •SESAME •Extension to 3rd countries .

EUIR • Establishment of an European Upper Information Region (EUIR) by merging all UIRs controlled by European Member States above FL 285 and within the EUR and AFI ICAO regions. • Shall be negotiated and agreed within ICAO. • Possibility to extend to airspace outside the EUR and AFI ICAO regions (choice of MS). .Single European Sky Reorganisation of the Airspace .

Single European Sky Reorganisation of the Airspace .EUIR .

Increase co-operation. Provide efficiency gains.FAB • Establishment of Functional Airspace Blocks (FAB) in the upper (and possibly lower) airspace. • Objectives: – – – – – Reduce fragmentation. Take into account traffic flows and not national borders.Single European Sky Reorganisation of the Airspace . . Increase harmonisation.

ensure a fluent and flexible transfer of responsibility for ATC. respect regional agreements. taking into account air traffic flows.FAB MS to develop FABs according to: • • • • • • • safety case. on the basis of cost-benefit analyses. . comply with regional agreements concluded within ICAO. overall added value. optimum use of airspace. ensure compatibility between upper and lower airspace. in particular those involving European third countries.Single European Sky Reorganisation of the Airspace . including optimal use of technical and human resources.

– FABs can include all or parts of a State’s Airspace. these FABs shall meet the 7 general criteria of the regulation. . • But. all States involved must agree on the respective FAB. – For multinational FABs.FAB • Bottom-up approach: – MS are fully responsible to initiate and set-up FABs. we expect different models to be implemented. • No single “blueprint” for FABs.Single European Sky Reorganisation of the Airspace .

Single European Sky Reorganisation of the Airspace . if necessary. • The Commission will review the functioning of the bottom-up approach by early 2009 and propose additional measures. .FAB • Based on the experience of States/ANSPs when setting up FABs. the Commission will develop binding general principles for establishment and modification of FABs. • The extension of FABs to lower airspace (below FL 285) will be studied by the Commission before the end of 2006.

FAB On-going initiatives: • MUAC • CEATS • NUAC • Skane (DK/SW) lower airspace • UK/IRL • FR/CH (includes lower airspace) • EMAC (Eastern Mediterranean…) • … .Single European Sky Reorganisation of the Airspace .

– Civil military coordination in airspace management and air traffic management.Single European Sky Reorganisation of the Airspace . – Harmonization of conditions of access and freedom of movement within the airspace. – Regional/cross-border application of FUA. – Establishment of mandatory rules and criteria for application of FUA.FUA • Flexible Use of Airspace (FUA): – Support civil/military co-operation within FABs and between different FABs. .

– Impartiality and transparency – Capabilities: • Technical expertise. • Sufficient financial resources. • Requirements: – (At least) functional separation from ANSP. .Single European Sky NSA • Establishment or nomination of National Supervisory Authorities since 20 April 2004. • Sufficient manpower.

) role in designation process safeguarding role re declarations of conformity/suitability/verification under interoperability regulation . Compliance monitoring. • Tasks: – – – – Certification of ANSPs. • Future: which role for EASA? . They can be established at regional level.Single European Sky NSA • NSA need to co-operate. (poss.

benchmarking and best practices .Single European Sky Designation Air Traffic Services (& MET services) remain in a monopoly situation. to be designated by MS. but not necessarily local provider! For Functional Airspace Blocks => joint designation Designation allows imposition of specific rights and obligations to reflect local specification Counterpart to monopoly is emphasis on performance review.

Strengthen the institutional set-up. Contribute to a more flexible organisation of the workforce. Main features: 1 Increase safety through high-level harmonisation of competence standards 2. enabler for FABs . Adoption foreseen in 2005.Single European Sky ATCO-licence Commission proposal of July 2004 for a Community licence directive currently under discussion in the European Parliament and in the Council of Ministers. including certification + supervision of training providers by national authorities 3.

– Coordinated introduction of new agreed and validated concepts of operations or technology. .Single European Sky Interoperability • Objective and scope: – Interoperability between the different systems. • Three different tools: – Essential requirements. – Community specifications. their constituents and associated procedures of the European ATM network. – Implementing rules.

Environmental constraints. Civil-military coordination. Safety.Single European Sky Interoperability • Essential requirements: – – – – – – – Seamless operation. Principles governing the construction of systems. Essential requirements are compulsory (Annex II of interoperability regulation). Principles governing the logical architecture. . Support of new concepts of operation.

. – Shall also describe the coordinated introduction of new.Single European Sky Interoperability • Implementing rules: – Shall determine any specific requirement that complements or refine the Essential Requirements. agreed and validated concepts of operation or technology. Implementing rules are compulsory (prepared by Eurocontrol and adopted by EU-Commission).

procedures and constituents which meet Community specifications are presumed compliant with mandatory rules) .Single European Sky Interoperability • Community specifications are means of compliance European Standards (drawn up by CEN/CENELEC/ETSI in cooperation with EUROCAE) or Eurocontrol specification (for operational coordination) (Systems.

. economic and regulatory aspects. Initialised by ATM equipment manufacturers. Synchronise the implementation of new equipment (at least) in the EU by ensuring that airborne equipment is consistent with ground technology. Combine technological.Single European Sky SESAME The Single European Sky Implementation Programme to modernise ATC infrastructure. it is now supported by the whole air transport community.

Single European Sky Why SESAME? Traffic will more than double by 2025! IFR Flights Per Year in ESRA (Million) 25 Actual 20 Scenario A Scenario B 15 Scenario C Scenario D At least the same for ATM capacity! Possible with current operating principles? 10 5 0 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 ? 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 .

which will define a common goal and vision for the development of the European air traffic control infrastructure.Single European Sky SESAME – Definition phase Definition phase launched. . Deliverable: ATM Master Plan for 2020. will run up to 2007 Co-funded by the European Commission under Trans European networks and by Eurocontrol Run under Eurocontrol’s operational responsibility.

Single European Sky SESAME – Definition phase European Commission Cost: 60 Mio € EUROCONTROL Agency 200 persons full time for 2 years Consortium CoContractor Prime Contractor CoContractor SubContractor SubContractor SubContractor SubContractor .

Single European Sky SESAME – Implementation phase 2005 2010 2015 2020 Industrialisation Deployment Definition Foundation Deployment Applied R&D Industrialisation Applied R&D Industrialisation Phase • Innovative R&D SES Deployment Applied R&D Deployment Industrialisation Collaborative – High Performance ATM 2005 2010 2015 2020 Accompanying technical/operational solutions with regulatory instruments .

or within the context of Eurocontrol. to extend the scope of this Regulation to those countries”. either within the framework of agreements concluded with neighbouring third countries.Single European Sky Relations with third countries • The full potential of the SES (“seamless operation”) will only be reached by enlarging its scope • “The Community shall aim at and support the extension of the SES to countries which are not members of the EU. (Article 7 of the Framework regulation) . To that end. it shall endeavour.

the Commission intends to complete negotiations on a multilateral European Common Aviation Agreement (ECAA) with Albania.Single European Sky Relations with third countries • CH. Through this agreement the SES-regulations should be extended to this region . FYROM. Romania. Croatia. Bulgaria. NO and IS have agreements with EU and are going to take over SES • During 2005. Serbia and Montenegro (UNMIK/Kosovo). Bosnia-Herzegovina.

civil and military providers. . • improve safety.Single European Sky Which opportunities ? • better co-operation between ANSPs. • improved relations between airspace users and service providers. performance and efficiency levels. • share airspace as a common resource disregarding national boundaries. regulators. • create required future capacity at reasonable costs.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful