Oil Spill And Marine Ecosystem

-Satish More {01}

due to human activities. .Definition  Oil spill is release of liquid petroleum hydrocarbon into the ocean or coastal waters.

Causes  Sinking or leakage of oil carrying vessels or oil pipeline  Countries at war  Illegal dumping by industries  Natural disaster .

 Effects entire marine life  Fishes die.Effects of oil spill  Covers the surface of water by a thick film. because they can’t breath  Nature takes up to ten years to recover. . if oil reaches the sea bed.

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50am caused an oil spill that shocked environmentalists. But the more frightening consequences of that collision may come from containers with hazardous chemicals in them on board the MSC Chitra.  Khalijia should have been cautious and should not have entered the channel at an acute angle.Oil spill Mumbai  The big ship collision off the Mumbai on 7 aug 2010 at 9. .

Collision of msc chitra(imo: 7814838) & mv khalijia(imo:8128690) .

Measures taken on Mumbai oil spill:  The navy and the coastal guard carried out anti pollution operations for the third consecutive day to check and neutralize the oil spill.  Govt.  Specialists from Netherland requisitioned. convenes high-level meet  Fishing associations have been also requested not to carry out any fishing activity till the oil spill is contained .

 Leave the oil alone so that it breaks down by natural means. They are commonly placed across a narrow entrance to the ocean so that the oil can’t pass through into sensitive habitat. . Clean up the spill Booms :floating barrier to oil . 2.Kill spill 1.

these are most effective when used immediately of the initial oil spill.Kill spill cont.  Bioremediation:- Genetically modified bacteria use to degrade on shore line.  Use dispersants:- Chemical that disperse the oil into water column so that much less stays at the surface. .

 In-situ burning:- Burning of an oil or a part of oil slick before it reaches the coast.Kill spill cont.  Skimmers:- These are boats and other device that can remove oil from sea surface before it reaches sensitive areas along a coastline. . this technique work when the oil is fresh and weather is relatively calm.

Thank you .

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