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Chapter 3

The Biosphere Click to edit Master subtitle style

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What is Ecology?

Chapter 3 section 1

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Organisms, Populations, Communities

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Organisms, Populations, Communities

Organisms individual living things Species groups of organism that can breed to make new offspring that are fertile

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organism

population

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Populations

All the members of the same species living in the same place at the same time

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Communities

Different populations living in same place Interact

Only consists of the living (bio

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Ecosystem

Consists of the community and all the nonliving parts

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BIOMES

A group of ecosystems that share similar climates

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BIOSPHERE

The land, the water, the air and all the living things and non living things that exist there.

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Any group of living and non-living things interacting with each other Can be as small as a puddle or as large as the Earth

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Living and non Living Parts

Biotic factors are the living parts of the environment

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Abiotic factors are the nonliving parts of the environment

Biotic

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Abiotic

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Energy, Producers, and Consumers

Chapter 3 sectio

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Source of energy

Obtain convert Able to energy consumers Producers from eating the energy of the plantsor other sun or chemicals animals to make food

Examples goats, spiders, bears, plants, algae, humans some bacteria

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Producers

With light Able to make their own food from light energy Known as 5/19/12 Autotrophs or

Producers

Without lig

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Chemosyn thesis organisms take energy in chemicals and convert that into

Producers other than plants

It is estimated Algae that 70-80 % of earths oxygen comes from the ocean Chemosynthesis Some organism use chemicals like hydrogen sulfide to make

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Types of Consumers

herbivores Obtain their energy from eating plant roots, leaves, fruit, nuts, seeds

Cows, sheep, antelope, grasshoppers

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Types of Consumers

carnivore Obtain their energy from killing and eating other animals

Lions, hawk, whale, shark

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Types of Consumers

omnivore Obtain their energy from eating both plants and animals

Bears, pigs, raccoons, rats, humans

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Types of Consumers

decomposer Obtain their energy by breaking down organic material into detritus

Detritus small pieces of dead organisms

They return nutrients to the soil, air, and water


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Types of Consumers

detrivore Obtain their energy by breaking down detritus particles into smaller pieces

Worms, maggots, snails

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Types of Consumers

scavangers Obtain their energy by consuming the remains of dead organisms that they did not kill

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