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Reference Architecture

Reference architecture is the fundamental organization of a system, the relationships between its components and environment, and the principles governing its design and evolution. Internal Relationship is the mechanisms, locations, And interactions within components.


External Relationships is the interactions and priorities between Components.

Process Model for Component Architecture Approach

Internal relationships are used to optimize each component architecture for the network

External relationships are used to optimize the sum of all component architectures

Optimizing the Reference Architecture : Requirements, flows, and goals for a network are used.
Interactions between performance and security Interactions between network management and security Interactions between network management and performance

Architectural Models

Is the architecture model that you can use as a starting point to develop your network architecture:
Topological models : based on a geographical or topological


Flow based models: take particular advantage of traffic flows

from the flow specification.

Functional models: focus on one or more functions or features

planned for in the network.


Topological Models
There are two popular topological models: the LAN/MAN/WAN and Access/Distribution/Core models.

LAN/MAN/WAN architectural model based on the geographical and/or topological separation of networks

Topological Models

Access/Distribution/Core model focus on function instead of location The core of the network is used for bulk transport of traffic, and flows are not usually sourced or sinked at the core.

The distribution area can also source and sink flows, but they are more likely 5/22/12 to be to or from multiple-user devices.

Flow-Based Models
Flow models are groups of flows that exhibit specific, consistent behavior characteristics. Flow models help describe the degrees of hierarchy and diversity of flows for applications.


Flow-Based Models

The clientserver architectural model also follows its flow model functions where features, and services are focused at server locations. 5/22/12

Flow-Based Models


Functional Models Functional architectural models focus on

supporting particular functions in the network

The service-provider architectural model is based on

5/22/12 service-provider functions

Functional Models

The intranet/extranet architectural model focuses on security and privacy


Using the Architectural Models

Typically, a few of the models from the previous three sections are combined to provide a comprehensive
5/22/12 architectural view of the network

Systems and Network Architectures

In the process of developing network architecture we also need to develop system architecture.
System architecture is the superset of a network

Systems architecture considers the total or comprehensive

picture, including the network, servers/clients, storage, servers, applications, and databases

Systems and Network Architectures

System architecture

Network architecture

The goal here is for you to be aware that the network architecture
5/22/12 process may lead to areas outside of networking

Thank you !!!