Presented By: Anupama Shelly Sonia MCA-2

at anytime.Introduction to wireless communication User Sensitivity Our ultimate goal is to communicate with any type of information with anyone. This is possible with the aid of WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY User Friendliness USER User Personalisation . from anywhere.

Types of wireless Communication • Cellular Networks • Wireless local area network User Friendliness USER User Personalisation User Sensitivity .

Cellular Networks Evolved from mobile telephone as voice conversation and communication tools for private and business uses User Friendliness USER User Personalisation User Sensitivity .

Wireless Local Area Network User Sensitivity Emerged from computer network. It helps business user to expand their service areas by using LAN (faster data transport) User Friendliness USER User Personalisation .

• 3g Wireless System :It was developed in the late 1990s until present day.Japan is the first country having introduced 3G nationally User Friendliness USER User Personalisation User Sensitivity .Evolution from 1g to 4g system • 1g Wireless System :Developed in 1980s and completed in early 1990’s • 2g Wireless System :The 2G phase began in the 1990s and much of this technology is still in use.

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music. transportation service etc – Transmission speeds from 125kbps to 2Mbps User Friendliness USER User Personalisation .3G WIRELESS SYSTEM • Services include: User Sensitivity – Global roaming – Superior voice quality and video conference – Information for web surfing. news. corporate intranet.

Issues on 3G wireless system User Sensitivity • High input fees for the 3G service licenses • Inefficient to meet needs of future highperformance • Multiple standards for 3G • Require wider bandwidth • Lack of coverage because it is still new service User Friendliness USER User Personalisation .

User Friendliness USER User Personalisation . Global mobility support." which stands for Mobile multimedia.4G wireless system User Sensitivity 4G technologies are sometimes referred to by the acronym "MAGIC. Integrated wireless and Customized personal service. Anytime/any-where.

• CDMA :Code Division Multiple Access. allows every device in a cell to transmit over the entire bandwidth at all times. is a technique for dividing the time domain up into sub channels for use by multiple devices.Current Technology User Sensitivity • TDMA :Time Division Multiple Access. User Friendliness USER User Personalisation .

4G Hardware User Sensitivity • Ultra Wide Band Networks :Ultra Wideband technology. and turn up signal information User Friendliness USER User Personalisation . • Smart Antennas :: Multiple “smart antennas” can be employed to help find. tune. or UWB. is an advanced transmission technology that can be used in the implementation of a 4G network.

General 4G Services and 4G Applications • • • • • Localized/Personalized Information Organizational services Communications services and applications Entertainment services Mobile commerce (M-Commerce ) User Friendliness USER User Personalisation User Sensitivity .

high capacity and low cost per bit • Higher band widths • Terminal Heterogeneity • Network Heterogeneity User Friendliness USER n .Features of 4G Wireless Systems User Sensitivity • Support interactive multimedia • User friendliness • High speed.

User and Industry Expectations • Wireless users can be categorized into generalized segments : – The Age segment – The Internet Usage segment – The Mobile Professional segment .

Comparison between 3g and 4g Major Requirement Speed Frequency Band Bandwidth Switching Design Basis 3g 384 Kbps to 2 Mbps 4g 20 to 100 Mbps Dependent on country Higher frequency bands (2-8 GHz) 5-20 MHz Circuit and Packet 100 MHz (or more) All digital with packetized voice OFDM and MC-CDMA Access Technologies W-CDMA .

Power Consumption. Bandwidth.Conclusion • 4G will be a Convergence Platform providing clear advantages in terms of Coverage. ranging from Pop-Up advertisements to LocationBased services and IP Data casting ones. variety of Services. User Sensitivity User Friendliness USER User Personalisation .