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Electromagnetic Radiation

Conceptual Physics J. Beauchemin 2009

Waves a review

waves are either longitudinal or transverse. Sound waves are longitudinal. But all electromagnetic waves are transverse

Electromagnetic waves

by the movement of electrically charged particles Can travel in a vacuum (they do NOT need a medium Travel at the speed of light Also known as EM waves

Wave-particle Duality

can behave like a wave or like a particle A particle of light is called a photon

Radio waves
Longest Uses:

wavelength EM waves

TV broadcasting AM and FM broadcast radio Avalanche beacons Heart rate monitors Cell phone communication

Wavelengths Uses:

from 1 mm- 1 m

Microwave ovens Bluetooth headsets Broadband Wireless Internet Radar GPS

Infrared Radiation

in between microwaves and visible light Uses:

Night vision goggles Remote controls Heat-seeking missiles

Visible light

type of EM wave able to be detected by the human eye Violet is the highest frequency light Red light is the lowest frequency light


light Uses:

wavelengths than visible

Black lights Sterilizing medical equipment Water disinfection Security images on money

Ultraviolet (cont.)
UVA Energy Health risks Highest of UV waves

UVB and UVC Lower than UVA

Extremely low Can cause DNA risk for DNA damage, leading to damage skin cancer Can destroy Responsible for Vitamin A in sunburn skin


wavelength, high energy waves Uses:

Medical imaging Airport security Inspecting industrial welds

Gamma Rays

wavelengths, highest energy EM waves Uses

Food irradiation Cancer treatment Treating wood flooring

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