Purpose of Fuel Oil

• Initial firing of the Boilers
• Flame stabilization • Low load operation

Fuel Oil
 Three liquid fuels used in power plants
– – – – 1. Heavy Fuel Oil (HFO) 2. LSHS (Low Sulfur Heavy stock) 3. High speed Diesel (HSD) Light diesel oil (LDO)

 Oil firing is preceded by  Lowering viscosity and increasing flowability on heating for better combustion in given turn down ratio.(125oC)  Droplet formation on atomization (by steam/ compressed air/ mechanical pressurization)  Combustion initiation by High energy spark ignition

Use of different types
• LDO & HSD normally used in • Auxiliary boiler • Ignitor for certain boiler design.
• HFO generally used for power boiler

TYPICAL HFO SPECIFICATIONS
• Standard:
• Flash point: • Viscosity (Max.):

• Gross heating value: • Total Sulphur (Max.):

IS 1593 / 1971 Grades LV-MV-HV 660C (minimum) 80-120-370 CST at 500C 10270 Kcal/kg 3.5-4-4.5%by weight

FO unloading system
• Heavy oil is received at the site in railway tankers of 20 tonne capacity each • An unloading header with number of receiving points for number of wagons unloading is provided. • The connections between loading header and tankers are through rubber flexible hosepipes. • Railway tankers are equipped with steam heating coils.

FILLING HDR
Suction HDR
Return Hdr

I/L

HEATER
Steam O/L

R/C

Return Steam From Heater

Steam to Atmosphere

Flash Tank

Water to Sump Pit

DRAIN HDR

Drain Tank Drain Oil p/p

Oil Tank

HFO PUMP HOUSE

VINDHYACHAL

HFO PUMP HOUSE

VINDHYACHAL

LDO PUMP HOUSE

VINDHYACHAL

HFO DRAIN OIL TANK

VINDHYACHAL

HFO UNIT STATION

VINDHYACHAL

ATOMISING STEAM

VINDHYACHAL

HFO/LDO CONNECTION

VINDHYACHAL