By: Nicole Sintra

AMISTAD POWERPOINT & SHIRLEY JACKSON

THE AMISTAD VOYAGE- BEGINNING
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It all began in Africa where men where randomly “stolen” from the streets and captured. Slave trade was illegal but it was still being done at the Gallinas River. That is where slaves were being traded to the Europeans, primarily the Spaniards. The only country that did anything to help stop slavery was Great Britain. Very discretely, Africans were put on a ship called Tecora which sailed under a Portuguese flag. The ship made it’s way to Cuba which would take 2 months. On the ship, the slaves were held in baracoons, very small spaces.

The spaces were tight and the slaves were barely being fed; this led to diseases which killed some slaves

Pedro Montes purchased 3 young African girls and 1 young African boy. bough 49 African males for $450 each. .MIDDLE      Once the slaves reached Cuba. and gave them Spanish names. a young sugar planter. A companion. 53 slaves and the crew men set out towards Puerto Principe.THE AMISTAD VOYAGE. Juan Ruiz. Their destination was Puerto Principe so they made the slaves fake passports and called them “ladinos” . After 10 days. they were sent into a jungle to live yet again in tight places. Here they had to prepare for the illegal slave market.which means Cuban-born. All together.

Every day they ate 1 banana. . and drank a small cup of water.THE AMISTAD VOYAGE. Cinque. Celestino. On the ship the slaves where kept in hold and rarely aloud on the deck to catch some fresh air. Celestino in response pointed to a barrel of beef and Cinque got the horrifying news that the Spaniards were going to slaughter and eat them. If anyone tried to take more water they would be brought to the deck.THE REVOLT    The Amistad schooner was as big as a tractor-trailer truck and there was about 60 people aboard. whipped by the crew. was trying to find out what was going to happen to him and the rest of the slaves so he used sign language to ask the cook on the ship. a slave on board. and then gunpowder and vinegar would be rubbed on their wounds. 2 potatoes.

No one picked up on the activity on the deck and at 4 a. Cinque found a nail on deck and brought it back to the baracoons. .     That day..CONTINUED….m. Strategically. They did not and before they knew it. Long Island. Ruiz and Montes made sure the ship sailed near Bahama waters to see if they could get any help. they held them captive and asked them to sail the ship back to Africa. NY. Even though the Africans had taken control over the ship. There he was able to use it to pick the lock of his iron collar and he helped free all of his fellow slaves. Cinque and the rest of the slaves revolted killing all the crew member besides Ruiz and Montes. The wind and currents were high which also made sailing more complicated. the ship had sailed right into Culloden Point. the situation was still complicated for them because they did not know how to sail. Also the food on deck was running very low.

 Their fate now depended on the American  .IN AMERICA Once the Africans got off the ship.S. Henry Green. Washington saw them and under the command of Lieutenant Thomas Gedney. and promised him gold if he sailed them back to Africa. they ran into a small group of white men.  Both groups were going to meet the next day to pursue this voyage but the Africans dreams came to an abrupt end because the U. the Africans were captured and sent to New London across from Long Island.S. They spoke to one.THE AMISTAD VOYAGE.

word spread around the United States. This group began to teach them how to read and speak English to show the public that these people can be civilized without being enslaved.JOURNEY IN AMERICA  Once these slaves were taken into custody. .THE AMISTAD VOYAGE. thousands of people attended.     Pictures were drawn Plays were written and performed Wax figures were made Articles were published   A team of New York abolitionists led by Lewis Tappan formed the Amistad Committee and they were dedicated to helping the African’s have a fair trial.  Public events were held to show the public their progress and accomplishments.

The U. Grampus awaited the Africans to return them back to their home.S. Supreme Court.THE AMISTAD VOYAGE. quickly the White House and Spanish authorities quickly overthrew Judge Judson’s decision.S. The trail was put on hold and then resumed in January 1840.  The Supreme Court took about a month but they finally agreed with Judge Judson and gave the Africans their freedom but . The Africans testified in front of a packed courthouse and Judge Judson ruled that they had indeed been illegally enslaved. Roger S. Court proceedings started in September 1839. Baldwin because the attorney to defend the Africans claiming that they had been illegally kidnapped considering Spain had outlawed the African Slave Trade.S. However. The case kept getting appealed until reaching the U.THE TRIALS      Ruiz and Montes sued to claim their “property” including the goods on the ship and their slaves.

the 35 African freeman arrived to feel bittersweet.THE RETURN TO AFRICA      The Amistad Committee raised money to help the Africans get enough money for their voyage home. slavery. No one really knew where they were actually from but on October 1841.840 and in November she was ready to sail. it carried a possible transformation for African society. in mid January 1842. It was good to be home but the interior of Africa had been destroyed by slave wars and many of the returning freeman had lost many family member.S. and for the end of African Slave Trade. The Amistad Committee was able to charter the barque Gentleman with $1. a hope for abolition of U. Lt. Finally. The Gentleman carried more than just the African freenman. Governor Fergusson from Sierra Leon responded with an offer to receive the Africans.THE AMISTAD VOYAGE. .

know as “Cinque”.  Other members on the ship where Grabeau and Pugnwawni   They landed in the U.S.    49 African males 3 Young African girls 1 Young African boy  One important man on the ship. There were 53 Africans on board who fought for their freedom.THE AMISTAD VOYAGE. The name of the boat that sailed them back to Africa was called the Gentleman . worked free of his chains and led a revolt on the ship. in Long Island.REVIEW   The Amistad Voyage took place in 1839 off the coast of Cuba.

Connecticut. New York. James Covey. January 8. September 1839: Lewis Tappan forms Friend of Amistad Africans Committee. case dismissed by Judge Thompson for jurisdictional reasons. September 1840: Judge Thompson of the Circuit Court upholds District Court decision. Sierra Leone raided by British and all slaves there liberated. August 1840: Africans taken to Westville. government appeals to U.S. . teaching Africans the English language and Christianity began. on the U. Africans await trial in a New Haven. Feb. October 1839: Professor Josiah Gibbs locates interperter.CONTINUED… OUTCOMEWashington off of Long Island. . Judge Thompson presides in Circuit Court hearing on Amistad criminal case. Judicial hearing.S. presided over by Judge Judson.March 1841: Baldwin and Adams argue case before Supreme Court. 1840: Judge Hudson presiding in District Court rules the Africans are to be turned over to the President for return to Africa. Mar. . 1841: Freed Africans go to Farmington for further English and religious education. 1840: The Amistad civil trial begins in New Haven.S. Court orders Africans to be freed immediately.              Africans held and taken with Amistad to New London. December 1839: Slave factory at Lomboko. S. and the Africans are able to tell their story. November 1841: African survivors leave with missionaries for Africa aboard Gentleman. Washington. January 15. Cinque and others file charges of assualt and false imprisonment against Ruiz and Montes. Supreme Court.Nov.S. local committee plans mission establishment in Africa. October 1840: John Quincy Adams convinces to join Roger Baldwin in arguing the case for the Africans before the Supreme Court. OF TRIALS August 1839: Amistad captured by crew of U. November 1839: District Court meets and postpones case. Connecticut jail. civil case left for District Court resolution.

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Stanley  Goals of Curriculum:  Objectives of the Curriculum  Other states that have adopted the Amistad Curriculum besides New Jersey are:   Maryland & Michigan  Pennsylvania & Kansas  Washington & Georgia . Payne and Craig A.WHO ADVOCATED FOR THE AMISTAD CURRICULUM IN NEW JERSEY? William D.

C. 1946 in Washington D. to parents Beatrice and George Jackson  Her parents always strongly valued education. She graduated in 1964 as valedictorian. Her father always helped her with her science projects for her classes.  Jackson attended Roosevelt High School and took accelerated classes in math and science.DR. SHIRLEY JACKSON Born August 5.  .

 At MIT Shirely went on to get her Bachelors. There were fewer than 20 African Americans at that school and she was one of the only ones studying theoretical physics. . Masters.   She was the first African American woman to graduate from MIT with a Doctorate degree. and Doctorates degree.EDUCATION Jackson attended MIT for college in the year 1964.

Jackson joined the Theoretical Physics Research Department at AT&T Bell Laboratories in 1976. In 1976-1977 she lectured in physics at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center and became the visiting scientist at the Aspen Center of Physics. Her first position was a research associate at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory in Batavia. In 1978 Dr. In 1974 she became the visiting scientist at the European Organization for Nuclear Research in Switzerland.CAREER       Shirley worked both in the United States and Europe. Jackson became part of the Scattering and Low Energy Physics Research Department and in 1988 moved to the Solid State and Quantum . Illinois.

and optical and electronic properties of semiconductor strainedlayer superlatties. 1999. In 1995. Jackson has made contributions to the knowledge of charged density waves in layered compounds. Nuclear Regulatory Commission.  On July 1. She has been one of the highest paid university presidents in the nation making roughly $1.   Once again.S.  On all of these topics.   Jackson was faculty at Rutgers University from 1991-1995. .  Becoming the first woman. and first African American woman to hold that position. Jackson became the 18th president of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. she was the first woman and the first African American woman to hold this position.3 million.CAREER CONTINUED…  In her research. President Bill Clinton appointed Jackson to serve as Chairman of the U. polaronic aspects of electrons in the surface of liquid helium films. Dr. she worked with over 100 different scientists.

President Obama appointed Dr. and public policy".S Council of Competitiveness In 2009. More recently she was named one of the 50 Most Important Women in Science by Discover Magazine. Some awards: CIBA-GEIGY Exceptional Black Scientist Award       the Thomas Alva Edison Science Award for her contributions to physics and for the promotion of science She was inducted into National Women's Hall of Fame in 1998 for "her significant contributions as a distinguished scientist and advocate for education.HONORS  Jackson received the Martin Marietta Aircraft Company Scholarship and Fellowship    The Prince Hall Masons Scholarship The National Science Foundation Traineeship The Ford Foundation Advanced Study Fellowship   She also has been elected to numerous special societies such as the American Physical Society and the American Philosophical Society. In spring 2007 she was awarded the Vannevar Bush Award for "a lifetime of achievements in scientific research. education and senior statesman-like contributions to public policy” In 2008 she became the University Vice Chairman of the U. science. Jackson to serve on the Presidents Council for Advisors on Science and technology .

PERSONAL Dr. Washington.  They have 1 son. a physics professor at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute.  . a Dartmouth College Alum. Shirley is married to Dr. Morris A. Alan.

d. (1998.HTM http://www.com/Dr-ShirleyJackson.za/forlang/bergman/real/amist ad/history/msp/main_wel. Retrieved from http://law2. Famous American trials: Amistad trials.asp Linder.htm Famous black inventors. D.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/amistad/A MISTD. Mystic seaport: The museum of america and the sea.black-inventor. February 9th).njamistadcurriculum. (2008).). (n.com/ .umkc. 1839-1840.REFERENCES:     Anonymous. Retrieved from http://academic. Retrieved from http://www.ac.sun.