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RAILWAYS AIR BRAKE SYSTEM

hiSTORY
. In starting breakmen have to jump from car for setting handbrakes. .The next generation of brakes added a compressor to the locomotive .The brake pipe was connected to an air cylinder on each car . George Westinghouse invented triple valve and on got patented on March 5, 1872 and on this todays air brake system of train is based

INTRODUCTION
The air brake is the standard, fail-safe, train brake used by railways all over the world.
It is based on the simple physical properties of compressed air. By compressed air desired force required for breaking the train is applied on block and train motion ceases.

Basics
A moving train contains energy, known as kinetic energy To stop the train this energy must be changed in another form

While stopping the train this kinetic energy is converted into heat energy by friction The conversion is usually done by applying a contact material to the rotating wheels or to discs attached to the axles.

AIR BRAKE AND VACUUM BRAKE


AIR BRAKES SYSTEM
Air is filled in the pipe

VACUUM BRAKE
Vacuum is created in the pipe

Take less time during starting

Takes more time during starting

More effective and reliable

Less effective and less reliable

Diameter of feed and brake pipe is 25 bore Pressure in feed pipe is 6kg/cm2 and that in brake pipe is 5kg/cm2

Diameter of train pipe is 50 bore

Effective pressure on piston 0.kg/cm2

COMPONENTS OF AN AIR BRAKE


.Compressor .Reservoir .Unloader Valve .Air Dryer .Feed Valve .Equalizing Reservoir .Brake Pipe .Angle Cocks .Coupled Hoses .Triple Valve

Working of air brake system can be explained on the basis of different position of brake valve:

1. Brake Release

2. Brake application

3.Brake lap

Two Pipe Systems:


A problem with the design of the standard air brake is that it is possible to use up the air in the auxiliary reservoir more quickly than the brake pipe can recharge it

This system is used to overcome the overuse of auxiliary reservoir air

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