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Hanida Nor Azlan Juvita Soumin Mohd Aidil Ubaidillah Razilan Nor Asmaliza Bakar Nor Sharlida Mohd

Jalailudin Norhamidah Rohani Suardi Nanang

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Sun supply us with enormous daily energy potential.

Solar Heating System (SHS)


Power from the sun Free Renewable energy Pollution free ( emits nothing when converted to energy)

Light travels from the Sun to Earth about 8minutes 19seconds.

By the time it reaches the earths surface, the energy from the sun has fallen about 1 000 watts/m2.

Solar Heating System


Solar Water Heating
Solar Air Heating

SHS comprise several innovations and many mature renewable energy technologies that have been well established for many years. SHS has been widely used in Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Australia, Japan, Austria and China.

Using magnifying glass that was used to concentrate suns rays to make fire and to burn ants. Greeks and Romans use burning mirrors to light torches for religious purposes. Archimedes, used the reflective properties of bronze shields to focus sunlight and to set fire to wooden ships. Bath houses and sunrooms was created by windows facing through the sun to let in the suns warmth in Roman. Ancestors of Pueblo people in North America live in South facing cliff dwellings that capture the winter sun.

1896 - USA enclosed a tank in a wooden box, thus creating the first batch water heater' as they are known today. 1988 - Dr. Alvin Marks receives patents for two solar power technologies he developed which are Lepcon and Lumeloid. o Lepcon consists of glass panels covered with a vast array of millions of aluminum or copper strips, each less than a micron or thousandth of a millimeter wide. o Lumeloid uses a similar approach but more cheaper, film-like sheets of plastic for the glass panels and covers the plastic with conductive polymers, long chains of molecular plastic units. 1992 - University of South Florida develops a 15.9% efficient thin-film photovoltaic cell made of cadmium telluride, breaking the 15% barrier for the first time for this technology. 1994 - First solar dish generator using a free-piston Stirling engine is tied to a utility grid. 1999 - National Renewable Energy Laboratory develops a photovoltaic solar cell that converts 32.3% of the sunlight that hits it into electricity.

2000 - First Solar begins production in Perrysburg, Ohio, at the worlds largest photovoltaic manufacturing plant. 2001 - The National Space Development Agency of Japan, or NASDA, announces plans to develop a satellite-based solar power system that would beam energy back to Earth. - Powerlight Corporation installs the largest rooftop solar power system in the United States, 1.18 megawatt system at the Santa Rita Jail in Dublin, California.

2002 - NASA successfully conducts two tests of a solar-powered, remotecontrolled aircraft called Pathfinder Plus.
2005 - Spain became the first country in the world to require the installation of photovoltaic electricity generation in new buildings. 2006 - The second country (after Israel) to require the installation of solar water heating systems.

Types of Solar Water Heating Systems


Active solar water Heating System -Direct -Indirect Passive Solar Heating System -Batch system - Thermosiphon systems

ACTIVE DIRECT

A direct solar water heating system is a system where the water itself is circulated through the solar energy collectors when water needs to be heated

DIRECT SOLAR HEATING WATER

INDIRECT

An indirect solar water heating system is a system where, instead of having the water itself circulate A heat-transfer fluid is circulated through the solar collectors This heat-transfer fluid, typically propylene glycol, is then circulated through the water tank, where the water is heated.

PASSIVE
BATCH SYSTEM
consists of one or more metal water tanks painted with a heat absorbing black coating placed in an insulating box or container with a glass or plastic cover that admits sunlight to strike the tank directly use the existing house pressure to move water through the system

THERMOSIPHON SYSTEMS

flat plate collector and a separate storage tank that must be located higher than the collector storage tank receives heated water coming from the top of the collector into the top of the storage tank. Colder water from the bottom of the storage tank will be drawn into the lower entry of the solar collector to replace the heated water that was thermosiphoned upward.

Solar domestic hot water heating


to heat water for everyday use
widely used at a home, cottage, office, laundromat, farm, restaurant, building and even recreation center

pre-heat the water before it enter the existing hot water heater
reduce the amount of energy and time required to heat the water to the desired temperature

reduce the monthly energy costs for water heating in between 50-80%.

Solar domestic hot water heating

Solar pool heating


heated with the power of the sun
Any swimming pool or hot tub

unaffected by ambient temperature


collect the solar energy to heat any size of pools functioning all year around without constantly costing of money.

require a shorter time to heat the pool.

Solar pool heating

Solar radiant infloor heating


Heat any size of space by using hot water
Circulated through the plastics beneath the floor

Floor radiate heat


Keep warming the space

Solar radiant infloor heating

UKM Medical Center


1750 evacuated tube solar collector to supply hot water to 1000 beds at hospital The tubes absorb the sunlight, thus the water supply passing through these heated up & routed to necessary areas for used Hot water used for washing & bathing & unused water stored for continuous used at night

Hot water heating system at UKM Medical Center

Ba Kelalan Highlands Microsolar Heater Project


Microsolar M80VTHE Water Heater being installed Mar 2006 officially opened 31 March 2006 able to produce hot water at 80oC to 98oC without any electricity backup even ambient air temperatures drop down to 14oC proven to work efficiently in the overcast cloudy and rainy climate

Ba Kelalan Highlands Microsolar Heater Project, Sarawak, Malaysia

1. Maintenance Maintenance costs are generally very low. Require little maintenance 2. Energy production Produce high energy Depends on the heat delivered by the sun at a particular place

3. Environmental Benefits Zero pollution Avoided carbon dioxide emissions for energy production 4. Cost effective Cost effective and economical Utilizes the energy from the sun Does not require any type of fuel to burn

1. Reliability depends entirely on the weather 2. Location Not every region of the country receives enough sustained sunlight Installations in colder areas also require more, and costly, insulation to keep heat from radiating back out through windows

3. Cost designing home to take advantage of solar heating can be an expensive process require remodeling, and even replacement of interior and exterior walls, to get the best effect. 4. Design require precisely configuring parts of your home to take advantage of the angle of the sun bad design can produce too much heat and glare

Thank You