(Colombo, Sri Lanka, 7-10 April 2009)

Interoperability, why it is important

Dr. Ghassem Koleyni

Colombo, Sri Lanka, 7-10 April 2009

 Business

approach to products and standardization  Open standards  Interworking and interoperability  What makes networks not to interoperate?  Functional architectures and interfaces  Concluding remark
Colmbo, Sri Lanka, 7-10 April 2009 2

7-10 April 2009 3 .Business approach to products and standardization Business case study Standardization • • • Problem analysis Requirement analysis architecture Implementation • • Pilot project Full product Deployment Colmbo. Sri Lanka.

vendors and operators. Sri Lanka.Open standards (I)  Open standards are developed and maintained in a transparent way through participation and collaboration of many organizations. multi-network and multivendor environments Reuse or integration of existing open standards to the extent practicable Colmbo. Open standards consider: User. business and technical requirements Multi-service. 7-10 April 2009 4 .

7-10 April 2009 5 .Open standards (II)  Implementation based on open standards is a major component to support the market Having interoperable system makes sense and is a good marketing and business strategy What is interoperability? Colmbo. Sri Lanka.

and that this remains one of the main goals in the ITU strategic plan. Sri Lanka.Recognizing that interoperability of international telecommunication networks was the main reason to create ITU in the year 1865 (International Telegraph Union). ITU-T Resolution 76 6 Colmbo. 7-10 April 2009 .

7-10 April 2009 7 . Sri Lanka.Interworking and interoperability Is interworking the same as interoperability? No Let’s see why Colmbo.

1411 Note: In ITU-T Rec. Source: ITU-T Rec. Sri Lanka. I. 7-10 April 2009 8 . Y. between end systems.Interworking (I) The term ''interworking'' is used to express interactions between networks. The interactions required to provide a functional entity rely on functions and on the means to select these functions. with the aim of providing a functional entity capable of supporting an end-to-end communication.741 term “Interconnection” is used which when examined is the same as interworking Colmbo. or between parts thereof.

Interworking (II) Network A Interworking function Network B Inter.Network working C function Colmbo. 7-10 April 2009 9 . Sri Lanka.

1411_F02 ATM ATM ATM ATM Colmbo.Interworking example ATM IWF MPLS IWF ATM VC/VP Upper Layers AAL IWF MPLS LSP Stacks Link Layer Physical Physical Physical MPLS LSP Stacks Link Layer Physical MPLS LSP VC/VP Upper Layers AAL IWF MPLS LSP Stacks Link Layer Physical MPLS LSP Stacks Link Layer Physical Physical Physical Y. 7-10 April 2009 10 . Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka. Source: ITU-T Rec. Y.101 Network A Network B Colmbo.Interoperability The ability of two or more systems or applications to exchange information and to mutually use the information that has been exchanged. 7-10 April 2009 11 .

Sri Lanka. 7-10 April 2009 12 .Colmbo.

Sri Lanka.Colmbo. 7-10 April 2009 13 .

one has been implemented based on a proprietary specification and another one based on a global standard Colmbo.What makes networks un-interoperable?  Lack of interoperability happens when two networks which are implemented based on the same standards (functionally equivalent) can’t talk to each other. Sri Lanka.g. or  When two networks (again functionally equivalent) which are to provide similar services are based on two different standards (e. 7-10 April 2009 14 .

Sri Lanka.What is the solution? Compliance to global standards But Does everyone comply? Simply no Colmbo. 7-10 April 2009 15 .

3030 16 . Q.3030(08)_F01 Colmbo. location management FE T-10: Network access configuration FE RACF T-16: Policy decision FE T-17: Transport resource control FE T-16: Policy decision FE T-17: Transport resource control FE Core transport T-8: Media resource processing FE T-5: Access border gateway FE T-9: Signalling gateway FE : T-6: Interconnection border gateway FE T-7: Trunking media gateway FE T-14: Access management FE Access transport T-4: Access relay FE T-2: Access node FE T-3: Edge node FE NGN terminal Legacy terminal T-1: Access media gateway FE Access packet transport functions Core packet transport functions PSTN/ISDN Scope of NGN Q. authorization and accounting) Management functions Application Service control S-5: S. authentication and authorization FE S-3: Interrogating call session control FE S-12: Network signalling interworking FE S-7: Interconnection border gateway control FE S-10: Breakout gateway control FE S-9: Media GW control FE IP multimedia networks S-15: General services control FE S-1: Serving call session control FE S-13: Media resource control FE RACF Other NGN S-11: User signalling interworking FE S-8: Access GW control FE NACF T-15: Home gateway Configuration FE T-12: T. Sri Lanka. user profile FE S-4: Subscription locator FE S-2: Proxy call session control FE S-14: Media resource broker FE S-6: S.NGN Generalized functional architecture Applications ANI Application support functions & service support functions (may include own authentication. 7-10 April 2009 Source: ITU-T Rec. user profile FE NGN UNI End-user Function Legacy terminal RGW Customer network T-11: T. authentication & authorization FE T-13: T.

IPTVSA .Reference points in IPTV functional architecture IPTV Terminal Functions Application Client Functions SADS Client Functional Block Application Functions IPTV Application Functions SADS Functional Block A5 A4 M1 Application Profile Functional Block E0 IPTV Application Functional Block A3 A6 SCP Functions C3 E1 IPTV Application Client Functional Block Content Preparation Functions C2 C1 E2 SCP Client Functions A1 A2 Service Control Functions S1 Service User Profile Functional Block E3 Content Delivery Functions Content Distribution & Location Control Functions Location Control Functional block Distribution Control Functional Block Control Client Functional Block D1 Content Delivery & Storage Functions IPTV Service Control Functional Block S2 S5 Content Delivery Control Functional Block Cache/Storage Functional Block Error Recovery Functional Block Unicast Delivery Functional Block Distribution Functional Block Content Processing Functional Block Multicast Delivery Functional Block Content Delivery Client Functions Error Recovery Client Functional Block Unicast Content Delivery Client Functional Block Multicast Content Delivery Client Functional Block S4 E5-Cu E4 E5-Cm S3 Ud Mc Md Home Network Functions E6 H1 Authentication & IP Allocation Functional Block T1 Access Network Functions R1 Edge Functions Resource Control Functional Block Core Transport Functions Multicast Transport Functions Network Functions Delivery Network Gateway Functional Block H3 Multicast Control Point Functional Block H2 Multicast Replication Functional Block End-User Functions Colmbo. Q. Sri Lanka. 7-10 April 2009 Unicast Transport Functions Source: ITU-T Draft Rec.

Sri Lanka.Functional architectures and interfaces Both NGN and IPTV functional architectures clearly identify open interfaces and specify signalling protocols which pass through them  To be interoperable means all devices built based on the same standard have the same behaviour at the same reference point  ITU-T has produced Recommendations which provide signalling and control procedures for protocols passing through open interfaces Colmbo. 7-10 April 2009 18 .

Colmbo. Sri Lanka. 7-10 April 2009 19 .ITU and interoperability  ITU-T resolution 76 indicates: ITU-T study groups develop the necessary conformance testing Recommendations for telecommunication equipment as soon as possible. and Assist developing countries in establishing regional or sub-regional conformity and interoperability centres suitable to perform conformity and interoperability testing as appropriate. ITU-T Recommendations to address interoperability testing shall be progressed as quickly as possible.

Interoperability. 7-10 April 2009 20 . however. they don’t guarantee interoperability  Verification. conformance and compliance testing should be an integral part of standardization process  Regulatory bodies should encourage and make sure that deployed devices are interoperable Colmbo. Sri Lanka. standards and conformance (I)  Open standards are designed based on common agreement.

standards and conformance (II)  Reference points and protocols going through them are the most important players for interoperability  Test suites should be provided to verify conformance  Certified organizations to perform conformance testing are needed Would be ideal to have these organizations in different regions Colmbo. 7-10 April 2009 21 .Interoperability. Sri Lanka.

Sri Lanka. implementations based on global standards should be interoperable But this may not be true unless tested and certified by reputable organizations  When procuring NGN or IPTV devices. 7-10 April 2009 22 . care should be taken to assure interoperability i. products are implemented based on an open standard and backed up by certification from a reputable organization Colmbo.e.Conclusion  In general.

7-10 April 2009 23 . Sri Lanka.Conclusion (II) ITU-T considers support of interoperable devices a major component of its activities  ITU-T reuses open and global standards  Increases chance of interoperability May reduce implementation cost Procuring devices compliant to global standards will help ensure interoperability Colmbo.

Sri Lanka. RFID USN VC VP ATM Adaptation Layer Asynchronous Transfer Mode Interworking Function Internet Protocol Television Label Switched Path Multi-Protocol Label Switching Next Generation Network Quality of Service Recommendation Radio Frequency IDentification Ubiquitous Sensor Network Virtual Channel Virtual Path 24 Colombo.List of Acronyms              AAL ATM IWF IPTV LSP MPLS NGN QoS Rec. 7-10 April 2009 .

Thank you for your attention Dr. Ghassem Koleyni Email: ghassem@rogers. 7-10 April 2009 25 .com Tel: +1 613 592 5344 Colmbo. Sri Lanka.

BACKUP SLIDES Colmbo. 7-10 April 2009 26 . Sri Lanka.

12/11: USN and RFID test specification Colombo. 7-10 April 2009 27 .11/11: QoS tests specification for NGN Q.ITU-T actions for support of interoperability  Creation of one working party in SG 11 for test specifications Q.10/11: Service test specification for NGN Q. Sri Lanka.8/11: Protocol Test Specifications for NGN Q.9/11: Monitoring parameters for NGN protocols Q.