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Review API connection Vs Premium

By Hendra Wisanggeni

OCTG Connections new nomenclature


ISO 11960:2004/API Std. 5B connections Propritary connections

Tubing

EU NU IJ STC LC BC XC

Tubing

MTC IJ MIJ MTC SLHP IFJ MIJ

Casing

Casing

Casing & Tubing connections classification


Round thread Buttress thread Extreme line

API spec 5B

Tenaris Family

Premium
VAM Family
Hunting Intl

Tenaris Blue family Antares family NKK family SEC


Atlas Bradford

Boss HSLA Multiseal/two step

API Connections
Round thread

Buttress thread

Extreme Line

External Upset End

API 8Round Short Thread J values


OD ppf Short thread J values 1.125 0.750 1.250 0.875 1.250 0.500

Short round thread J value

4 9.50 5 11.50 7 17.00 8 5/8 24.00 10 32.75 Other labels

Round thread API standard 5B


Triangle stamp for OD 16 to 20

Tubing: EU (1.050 - 4 1/2) NU (1.050 - 4 1/2) IJ (1.315 - 2.063)

Casing: STC (4 1/2 - 20) LC (4 1/2 - 20)

API Round thread

Fn Fx

30
Ft

Small helical voids between thread crests and roots

API 8 Round jump-out failure mechanism

Frequent during casing over-pull Final pin ID lower than original ID Pin crests deformation Box crests deformation

API Round thread


Advantages/Kelebihan: - Easy to manufacture (mudah diproduksi) - Easy running (mudah dipasang) - Acceptable sealability response at low pressure (mampu sekat/seal untuk tekanan rendah) - Well known (sudah dikenal) Disadvantages/Kelemahan: - Poor tension resistance (ketahanan thd beban tarik lemah) - Poor sealability for medium and high pressure (mampuan sekat/seal untuk tekanan tinggi dan tingi lemah)

Premium Connections - Features


Metal to Metal Seal

BOX PIN

Thread Form Torque Shoulder

Area kritis
gangguan aliran yang menyebabkan turbulence

Turbulence
FLUID FLOW

API

streamline
FLUID FLOW

Premium

Typical Premium Connection T&C

Premium connections advantages


Premium thread form Tension/Tarik Compression/Tekan Bending/Tekuk Improved seal performance Metal-to-metal seals Teflon seals Multiple seals Torque shoulders Torsional strength Positive makeup position Stored torque prevents back-off Repeated make-up without performance degradation Possible to repair as many as possible, no need total reprocess

Premium connections advantages


Relatively more expenses in term of unit price Need good support such as running assistance and work shop for repair