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What Are Statutory Compliances

Meaning-:
Statutory means "of or related to statutes," or what we normally call laws or regulations. Compliance just means to comply with or adhere to. So statutory compliance means you are following the laws on a given issue. The term is most often used with organizations, who must follow lots of regulations. When they forget or refuse to follow some of those regulations, they are out of statutory compliance. A company that follows all the rules, is in statutory compliance.

Purpose-:
Safeguarding the employees and the enterprise from untoward risks by managing and consulting on issues such as retirement benefits and Taxation

Statutory Compliances For HR


ESI Provident Fund Profession Tax Gratuity The Minimum Wages Act The Maternity Benefit Act The Payment Of Bonus Act The Payment Of Wages Act

Employees State Insurance Act


The Act was originally applicable to non-seasonal factories using power and employing 20 or more persons; but it is now applicable to nonseasonal power using factories employing 10 or more persons and nonpower using factories employing 20 or more persons.
E.S.I. Scheme being contributory in nature, all the employees in the factories or establishments to which the Act applies shall be insured in a manner provided by the Act. The contribution payable to the Corporation in respect of an employee shall comprise of employers contribution and employees contribution at a specified rate. Currently, the employees contribution rate (w.e.f. 1.1.97) is 1.75% of the wages and that of employers is 4.75% of the wages paid/payable in respect of the employees in every wage period. The existing wage-limit for coverage under the Act, is Rs.10,000/- per month (with effect from 1.10.2006 ) The ceiling for ESI is 10,000/- gross salary after reaching the ceiling one will be exempted from ESI. An employer is liable to pay his contribution in respect of every employee and deduct employees contribution from wages bill and shall pay these contributions at the above specified rates to the Corporation within 21 days.

ESI

Contd..
There are two contribution periods each of six months duration as on 1st April to 30th Sept and 1st Oct. to 31st March and two corresponding benefit periods also of six months duration as on.1st January to 30th June and 1st July to 31st December .
Contribution for the purpose of Employees' pension Scheme 8.33% of (12% of employers contribution towards Provident Fund) or Rs.540/- which ever is less, will be transferred to Employees pension scheme and the balance amount will go towards Employee Provident Fund

Provident Fund
Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, provides for compulsory contributory fund for the future of an employee after his retirement or for his dependents in case of his early death. It extends to the whole of India except the State of Jammu and Kashmir. Every factory engaged in any industry specified in Schedule 1 in which 20 or more persons are employee.

Every other establishment employing 20 or more persons or class of such establishments which the Central Govt. may notify and any other establishment so notified by the Central Government even if employing less than 20 persons.
PF is contributed from both the sides employee as well as employer @12% of the basic salary to the employees fund.

Professional Tax
Professional tax or employment tax is a state-based tax. It is allowed as a deduction from the gross income before computing the tax. Duration for deduction is half-year, shall be from the 1st day of April to the 30th day of September and from the 1st day of October to the 31st day of March of a year. PT is deducted slab wise , salary 1 to 3000-nil . 3000 to 3500 Rs 60, Rs.3501 to 5000 - Rs 120 , Rs 5001 to 10000- Rs 175 and above 10000 Rs 200 per month except Rs 300 in the month of february. Employee means a person employed on salary and is a Government servant receiving pay from the revenue of the Central Government or any State Government is entitled to pay profession tax Any organization whether incorporated or not, which is owned or controlled by the Central Government or any State Government is eligible to pay PT

Gratuity
Gratuity is an amount given to employees by employer when they leave the job after completing five years or minimum 240 days per year or after retirement. The number of year may differ from company to company Gratuity is payable under the payment of wages act. Gratuity shall be payable to an employee on the termination of his employment after he has rendered continuous service for not less than five years. (a) on his superannuation, or (b) on his retirement or resignation, or (c) on his death or disablement due to accident or disease Gratuity is calculated as Basic + DA divided by 26 * No of years of service *15. It is calculated as last drawn salary divided by 26 multiply by 15 and then multiply by the no of years of services (min 5 yrs or minimum 240 days per year).

The Minimum Wages Act 1948


This act provides for fixing minimum rates of wages. The inspectorate staff of the Labour Department takes action on complaints received from workmen/Unions. The penalty for violation of is fine of R.500/- or imprisonment upto a period of six months or both. If a worker gets less payment, he can also file a claim before the Competent Authority appointed under the Act, which are Deputy Labour Commissioners for the respective districts. The authority can impose penalty up to 10 times the difference in minimum wages that was due and paid. The appropriate government may fix-: A minimum rate of wages for time work ("a minimum time rate"). A minimum rates of wages for piece work ("a minimum piece rate"). A minimum rate of wages on a time work basis ("a guaranteed time rate") A minimum rate of overtime work done (a overtime rate").

The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961


To regulate employment of women for certain periods before and after child birth and to provide for maternity benefit. Payment of maternity benefit shall apply to women workers to whom ESI Act does not apply. The Act applies to all establishments in which ten or more people are employed. The maternity benefit shall be at the rate of average daily wage for the period of actual absence. The maximum period of entitlement shall be 12 weeks of which not less than 6 weeks shall precede the expected date of delivery. Maternity benefit shall be payable to employee or any other persons as per the nomination. The Amount of benefit upto the period of expected delivery shall be paid in advance. The balance due for the subsequent period shall be paid within 48 hours from delivery of child.

The Payment of Bonus Act 1965


The Payment of Bonus Act imposes statutory liability upon the employers of every establishment covered under the Act to pay bonus to their employees. It provides for payment of minimum and maximum bonus and linking the payment of bonus with the production and productivity. The Act applies to every factory where 10 or more workers are working and every other establishment in which 20 or more persons are employed, on any day during an accounting year. Penalty The punishment provided for contravention of any provisions of the Act or any rule made there under is imprisonment for a term, which may extend for six months or with fine, which may extend to Rs. 1000/- or with both.

The Payment of Wages Act 1936


It is a central legislation which applies to the persons employed in the factories and to persons employed in industrial or other establishments This Act does not apply on workers whose wages payable in respect of a wage period average Rs. 1600/- a month or more. This Act has been enacted with the intention of ensuring timely payment of wages to the workers without unauthorized deductions. The salary in factories/establishments employing less than 1000 workers is required to be paid by 7th of every month and in other cases by 10th day of every month. A worker, who either has not been paid wages in time or an unauthorized deductions have been made from his/her wages, can file a Claim either directly or through a Trade Union or through an Inspector under this Act.

Conclusion
The present day legal climate is one of uncertainty and confusion. In most cases, a law comes to light only after its contravention, resulting in severe penalties. Statutory Compliances is a must in keeping you away from the long arm of the law!