Interpretation of the WISC-IV

November 8 & 10, 2004

Intro to the WISC-IV Scoring • Deviation IQ for 4 Index Scores and FSIQ: – M = 100 SD = 15 • Individual subtest standard scores: – M = 10 SD = 3 • Normative age group comparison • IQs based on the 10 standard subtests • IQ scores can range from 40-160 • Cannot compute index or FSIQ scores if: – 0 raw score on 2 of 3 VCI or PRI subtests – 0 raw score on both WMI or PSI subtests .

Subtest Substitution • Substitution permitted if there is a clinical need. For example. • Only 1 substitution allowed for each index and only 2 for overall IQ.. fire drill).g. when a child has poor fine motor skill: – Substitute Cancellation for Coding – Substitute Picture Completion for Block Design • Substitution permitted if a subtest is spoiled due to administration error or environment interruption (e. .

Successive Level Approach to Test Interpretation 1. 2. 3. Full Scale IQ Index Scores Subtest Deviations within Composites Intersubtest Score Comparisons Intrasubtest Score Comparisons Qualitative Analysis . 5. 6. 4.

2-A.6) Classification: Very Superior: > 130 Superior: 120-129 High Average: 110-119 Average: 90-109 Low Average: 80-89 Borderline: 70-79 Mild Mental Retardation: 55-69 Moderate Mental Retardation: 40-54 .2-A.IQ and Index Scores • • • • • • • • • • • • Calculate IQ and Index Scores 95% confidence intervals (Tables A.6) Percentile ranks (Tables A.

” index scores and discrepancy comparisons should be interpreted with caution. 7 points for 5 subtests B. Is there abnormal scatter among the PRI subtests? • 7 points for 3 subtests. 8 points for 4 subtests If “yes.Are the Index Scores Interpretable? A. Is there abnormal scatter among the VCI subtests? • 6 pts for 3 & 4 subtests. .

Significant difference between WMI subtests (DS & LN)? • 3 points is significant.3 in the manual • 4 points if CD<SS. rounded from Table B.Are the Index Scores Interpretable? (continued) C. 5 points if CD>SS is unusual and PSI is not interpretable . rounded from Table B. Significant difference between PSI subtests (Coding and SS)? • 4 points.3 in the manual • 5 points is unusual & WMI is not interpretable D.

6. p. 266 .Is there an unusual amount of scatter among the 10 subtests that comprise the FSIQ? Table B.

interpret the index scores instead of the FSIQ .If there is an unusual amount of scatter.

5. 4.Successive Level Approach to Test Interpretation 1. Full Scale IQ • – Calculate IQ and confidence intervals. Index Scores – – Are the index scores interpretable? (scatter within an index) Is there unusual scatter across the 10 subtests? Comparison among the index scores 3. Subtest Deviations within Composites Intersubtest Score Comparisons Intrasubtest Score Comparisons Qualitative Analysis . 6. 2.

e.Comparison of Index Scores A.. Unusual differences can be described as a true strength of weakness. . D. Are there any significant differences among index scores (Tables B-1 & B-2. Sattler A-2)? B. C. occurred in less than 10% of standardization group). Significant differences can be described as more/less developed. Are any differences considered unusual (i.

Subtest Scores: Interindividual Comparisons Subtest Score 1-4 5-7 8-12 Label Far below average Or very poor Below average or weakness Average Percent 1-2% 5-16% 25-75% 13-15 16-19 Above average or strength Superior 84-95% 98-99% .

• This is also useful when comparing across different tests that are not scaled equivalently. • This is useful when you want an estimate of a child’s mental age.9).Test Age Equivalents • Can calculate test age equivalents for each of the subtests (Table A. .

Calculate the overall mean of all subtests and subtract each subtest to define Ss and Ws – If VCI and PRI are different.Subtest Deviations within Index Composites: Intraindividual comparisons A. . B. Generate hypotheses based on Ss and Ws  Use protocol chart and Jean’s ability chart. calculate VCI and PRI means and compare subtests scores to the appropriate means.

.Comparison of Subtest Scores: Intraindividual Comparisons A. Intrasubtest variability (comparison of scores within an individual subtest. Sattler p. 124-131. B. Manual B-3). Intersubtest variability (comparisons across subtests when scatter is greater than 5 points. Sattler Table A-2 (breaks down by age.

. • See Sattler supplement p.Cautions of Intraindividual Comparisons • Avoid reporting that subtest scores of 8 or higher reflect a weakness. • Avoid reporting that subtests scores of 7 or lower reflect a strength. 116 for examples of how to describe intraindividual comparisons.

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