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Psychometric Properties

Reliability and validity: The manual contains no information on reliability and validity.

Norms: The standardization sample included 140 adults. No attempt was made to randomly select a stratified sample of subjects from the general population. Twenty adults were selected for each of seven intellectual levels (imbecile, moron, borderline, dull average, average, above average, and superior).

Suggested Uses
This instrument is recommended for projective assessment in research and clinical settings. Designed to aid clinicians in obtaining information concerning an individuals sensitivity, maturity, flexibility, efficiency, degree of personality integration and interaction with the environment.

Suggested Uses Cont..


Provides a structured context for the projection of unconscious material. Buck felts that artistic activity creativity represents a stream of flow onto graphic art. He believed that through drawings, subjects objectifies unconscious differences by sketching the inner image of the primary process.

Use in combination with other projective measurement instrument, usually given first as an ice breaker Anyone over three years age Especially appropriate for individuals who are non-English-speaking, culturally different, educationally deprived, or developmentally disabled.

How To Start
Use three pieces of plain white 8.511 paper. Give the first and say, Here I want you to draw a house as good as you can, give the next sheet. Draw as good a tree as you can, give the next sheet. Draw as good a person as you can.(If a profile or head only, say, Wait, I want you to draw a whole person, not just the head or profile)

The child is told to draw(1)a house, (2) a tree, and(3) a person on white paper. The figure gives the therapist some indication of how the child perceives himself or herself in the world (the figure is usually considered to be a reflection of the self).

Administrator then use a Post-Drawing Inquiry checklist(specific questions) to enable client to describe, define and interpret his/her drawings. Client responses are organized under 8 categories

8 categories for client responses: General observations Proportions Perspectives Detailing Non essential details Irrelevant details Line qualities Use of color

Drawing Analysis
Drawings are interpreted using two paths; intra-subjective and inter-subjective First path, intra-subjective, considers the content and quality of the three drawings; also explores the depth of material behind the drawings Second path, inter-subjective, considers features indicative of a certain emotional tendency

Time Factors And Considerations


No time limit (is based on average time) Paper given to client to draw on should be blank This is a projective not a diagnostic test Not standardized Can purchase supplemental interrogation from which derives an IQ score

Administrator/Interpreter qualification
Bachelors Degree

Limitations
Poorly established reliability and validity. Interpretation may be influence by clinician bias/prejudice

Advantages
Good ice-breaker to use in preparation for other tests. Good for engaging reluctant clients. Used for any ages over three. Useful for non-verbal clients. Useful for non-English-speaking clients.

References
Paul Jerry,Ph.d., Center For Graduate Education in Applied Psychology, Notes On Projective Drawings Richard Niolon, Ph.d., Chicago School of Professional Psychology, Notes on Projective Drawings Gerald D. Oster, Using Drawings In assessment and Therapy

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