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MERITT V. GOVT. OF PHIL

The plaintiff was riding his motorbike along Padre Faura Upon crossing Taft Avenue and when he was ten feet from the southwestern intersection of said streets

An Ambulance of the PGH suddenly appeared

The Ambulance

instead of turning toward the south, after passing the center thereof, so that it would be on the left side of said avenue, as is prescribed by the ordinance and the Motor Vehicle Act, turned suddenly and unexpectedly
long before reaching the center of the street, into the right side of Taft Avenue, without having sounded any whistle or horn,.

by which movement it struck the plaintiff, who was already six feet from the southwestern point or from the post place there

By reason of the resulting + collision, the plaintiff was severely injured according to Dr. Saleeby, he suffered from a depression in the left parietal region, a would in the same place and in the back part of his head, while blood issued from his nose and he was entirely unconscious. he had one or more fractures of the skull and that the grey matter and brain was had suffered material injury

ISSUES:
As

the negligence which caused the collision is a tort committed by an agent or employee of the Government, the inquiry at once arises whether the Government can be sued?
WON the Government can be legally-liable for the damages resulting therefrom?

And

Yes, the plaintiff can sue the government

It is the general rule that the Insular Government (the defendant) cannot be sued by an individual without its consent. It is also admitted that the instant case is one against the Government.
In the United States the rule that the state is not liable for the torts committed by its officers or agents whom it employs, except when expressly made so by legislative enactment, is well settled. The Government of the Philippine Islands having been "modeled after the Federal and State Governments in the United States, There is a law authorizing E. Meritt to sue the Government through Legislative Act No. 2457, effective February 3, 1915

The Government waived its immunity through the enactment of Act No.2457

By consenting to be sued a state simply waives its immunity from suit. however, It merely gives a remedy to enforce a preexisting liability and submits itself to the jurisdiction of the court, subject to its right to interpose any lawful defense.

2ND ISSUE: REGARDING LIABILITY FOR DAMAGES

NO, although it waived its liabilty from suit, it did not concede liability to Meritt
The State is not liable for torts, except when it acts through a special agent

The driver is not a special agent


Although the accident was caused by a government employee, the State did not undertake to guarantee to thrid persons the act of its employees for that would subject the state to countless suit

The State is not responsible for the damages suffered by private individuals in consequence of the acts performed by its employees pertaining to their office because NEITHER FAULT OR NEGLIGENCE can be presumed on the part of the government

Who are Special Agents?

Special Agent a person who receives a definite and fixed order or commission, foreign to the exercise of the duties of his office if he is a special official
One duly empowered by a definite order or commission to perform some act or charged with some definite purpose which gives rise to the claim, and not where the claim is based on acts or omissions imputable to a public official charged with some admin or technical office who can be held to the proper responsibiity

THE chauffer was still acting within his duty as a driver when he hit MERITT