Maritime Safety Information Under the GMDSS

Background  The GMDSS makes specific requirements with regard to radio equipment. and ships must be able to carry out several different functions. one of which is the ability to TRANSMIT and RECEIVE Maritime Safety Information (MSI) .

Maritime Safety Information (MSI) Navigational reports  Meteorological reports  Weather Forecasts  Messages of General Importance  .

MSI is transmitted via the ff: NAVTEX  Inmarsat EGC system  Radio Telex (NBDP)  Radio telephony (Safety Messages)  .

Navtex system MSI .

 Every group is allowed one hour transmission time.The NAVTEX System Navtex system could reach up to a distance 600 nm offshore. (10mins/4 hours)  .  518 kHz is the International navtex frequency  24 Navtex stations in one NAVAREA  The 24 stations are divided into 4 groups consisting of 6 transmitting stations.

 Every Navtex station has its own identification character (A-Z). There are 16 Navareas worldwide.  Navtex stations coverage is shown in the ITU “List of Radio Determination and Special Service Stations”  The Navtex coordinator in each Navarea decides which MSI messages the system is to broadcast. Navareas .  Navtex stations are geographically separated.

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Navtex Stations Worldwide Click to play video .

The Navtex Coordinator • Coastguard • Buoyage authority • Electronic Navaids • Offshore Operator • Government dept. • Ship reports • NAVAREA co-ordinator • National Coordinator Initial distress message Ice Monitoring meteorological offices Navigational warning co-ordinator SAR co-ordinator Meteorological message co-ordinator coordinator NAVTEX Transmitter .

.Building up a Navtex message -----------------------------------------------------------ZCZC B1 B2 B3 B4 Message Origin ……. ……………………. NNNN ------------------------------------------------------------- .

The Subject Indicators (B2) A = Navigational Warnings (cannot be rejected by the receiver) B = Meteorological Warnings (cannot be rejected by the receiver) C = Ice Reports D = Search and Rescue information (cannot be rejected by the receiver) E = Meteorological Forecasts F = Pilot Service Messages G = DECCA Messages H = LORAN Messages I = OMEGA Messages J = SATNAV Messages K = Other Electronic Navaid Messages (messages concerning radio navigation services) L = Navigational Warnings for mobile drilling rig movements (cannot be rejected by the receiver) V = Amplifying navigational warning information initially announced under “A” Z = No messages on hand .

SOUTHERN NORTHSEA. 55 180630 FEB 02-07.49W DOVER THAMES – SOUTH 8 CANCEL THIS MESSAGE 121020 Z FEB 25 OTHER DISTRICTS – NO TEMPORARILY OFF AIR WARNINGS NNNN NNNN ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- .44N 02. ORKNEY ISLANDS WARNING ROWAN” AT 54-19N “CHARLESNR.-----------------------------------------------------------ZCZC PB68 GL67 GA20 NETHERLANDS COASTGUARD GALE RIGMOVE.7E LOTHER ROCK RACON 58.

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