Passive Voice | Grammatical Tense | Perfect (Grammar)

BY : Cindy Ferika Ariani ( 06 ) Dimas Prayoga Nurmansyah ( 11 ) Ivan Eka Hariansyah ( 18 ) Karmelia Andyna Virgani ( 19 ) Mahsa Ridhani Jordan

( 20 ) Muhammad Awaluddin Firdaus ( 24 ) Nikmatul Maula Nur Rahmadani ( 28 )

DEFINITION • The passive voice is a grammatical construction (a "voice") in which the subject of a sentence or clause denotes the recipient of the action (the patient) rather than the performer (the agent). BASIC PATTERN S + to be + V3 .

PATTERN OF PASSIVE VOICE IN ALL TENSES PRESENT TENSES PAST TENSES FUTURE TENSES PAST FUTURE TENSES .

PRESENT TENSES SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE PRESENT PERFECT TENSE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE .

PAST TENSES SIMPLE PAST TENSE PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE PAST PERFECT TENSE PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE .

FUTURE TENSES SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE FUTURE PERFECT TENSE FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE .

PAST FUTURE TENSES SIMPLE PAST FUTURE TENSE PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE .

Passive : This plant is watered by her every two days. . Passive : They are met by him everyday. Active : He meets them everyday. Active : She waters this plant every two days.SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE PATTERN : S + am/is/are + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. 2.

Active : He is meeting them now. Passive : They are being met by him now. . 2.PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE PATTERN : S + am/is/are + being + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. Passive : This plant is being watered by her now. Active : She is watering this plant now.

Active : She has watered this plant for 5 minutes. .PRESENT PERFECT TENSE PATTERN : S + has/have + been + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. Active : He has met them Passive : They have been met by him 2. Passive : This plant has been watered by her for 5 minutes.

Active : He has been meeting them.PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE PATTERN : S + has/have + been + being + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. 2. Active : She has been watering this plant. Passive : They have been being met by him. Passive : This plant has been being watered by her. .

Active : He met them yesterday Passive : They were met by him yesterday 2. Active : She watered this plant this morning Passive : This plant was watered by her this morning .SIMPLE PAST TENSE PATTERN : S + was/were + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1.

. Passive : They were being met by him.PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE PATTERN : S + was/were + being + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. Passive : This plant was being watered by her. 2. Active : He was meeting them. Active : She was watering this plant.

PAST PERFECT TENSE PATTERN : S + had + been + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. Passive : They had been met by him before I came. Active : He had met them before I came. Active : She had watered this plant for 5 minutes when I got here Passive : This plant had been watered by her for 5 minutes when I got here . 2.

. Active : She had been watering this plant.PAST PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE PATTERN : S + had + been + being + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. Active : He had been meeting them. Passive : This plant had been being watered by her. 2. Passive : They had been being met by him.

Passive : They will be met by him tomorrow. Active : She will water this plant this afternoon. Passive : This plant will be watered by her this afternoon. 2.SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE PATTERN : S + will + be + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. . Active : He will meet them tomorrow.

FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE PATTERN : S + will + be + being + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. . Passive : They will be being met by him. Passive : This plant will be being watered by her. Active : She will be watering this plant. 2. Active : He will be meeting them.

Passive : This plant will have been watered by her before I get here this afternoon. 2. . Passive : They will have been met by him before I get there tomorrow. Active : She will have watered this plant before I get here this afternoon. Active : He will have met them before I get there tomorrow.FUTURE PERFECT TENSE PATTERN : S + will + have/has + been + V3 + O EXAMPLE: 1.

• Active : She will have been watering this plant. . • Passive : This plant will have been being watered by her.FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE PATTERN : S + will + have/has +been + being + by + O EXAMPLE: • Active : He will have been meeting them. • Passive : They will have been being met by him.

SIMPLE PAST FUTURE TENSE PATTERN : S + would + be + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. 2. Active : He would meet them tomorrow. Passive : They would be met by him tomorrow. Passive : This plant would be watered by her tomorrow. Active : She would water this plant tomorrow. .

Active : He would be meeting them. Active : She would be watering this plant. . Passive : This plant would be being watered by her. Passive : They would be being met by him.PAST FUTURE CONTINUOUS TENSE PATTERN : S + would + be + being + V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. 2.

PAST FUTURE PERFECT TENSE PATTERN : S + would + have + been +V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. Passive : This plant would have been watered by her. . 2. Active : She would have watered this plant. Passive : They would have been met by him. Active : He would have met them.

PAST FUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUS TENSE PATTERN : S + would + be + being +V3 + by + O EXAMPLE: 1. Passive : They would be being met by him. Active : He would be meeting them. Passive : This plant would be being watered by her. 2. Active : She would be watering this plant. .

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