Mohr-Coulomb Model

Short Course on Computational Geotechnics + Dynamics
Boulder, Colorado
January 5-8, 2004

Stein Sture
Professor of Civil Engineering
University of Colorado at Boulder
Contents
• Idealized and Real Stress-Strain Behavior of Soils
• Basic Concepts of Mohr-Coulomb Model
• Mohr-Coulomb Model Modeling
• Friction Angle
• Influence of Intermediate Principal Stress on
Friction Angle
• Drained Simple Shear Test
• How to Understand ¢
• Drained Triaxial Test

Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Idealized and Real Stress-Strain
Behavior of Soils
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Basic Concepts of Mohr-
Coulomb Model
Bilinear approximation of triaxial test
Basic law:

for
reversible elastic strain
irreversible plastic strain
f = yield function

c
i
=c
i
e
+c
i
p

i = x, y,etc.

c
i
e
=

c
i
p
=

c
i
p
-
= 0

f < 0

f = f (o
x
,o
y
,o
z
,o
xy
,o
yz
,o
zx
)
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling
Flow rule for plastic strain:

This means: , , etc.

c
i
p
-
= ì
cg
co
i

c
x
p
-
= ì
cg
co
x

c
y
p
-
= ì
cg
co
y
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling
a multiplier that determines the
magnitude of plastic strains


determines the direction of plastic
strains
Classical associated plasticity: g = f
General non-associated plasticity: g = f
M-C model: f ÷ r – s sin| – c cos| : yield function
g ÷ r – s sin¢ – c cos¢ : plastic potential function

ì =

cg
co
i
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling
Nonlinear Failure Envelope Representation
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling
Friction Angle Definitions
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling
Strength Envelopes for a Range of Soil Types
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling
Versus Relative Density and Unit Weight

|
tc
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Friction Angle
Dilatancy Angle Relationships
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
A|
1
= Correction for particle shape
A|
1
= -6
o
For high sphericity and subrounded shape
A|
1
= +2
o
For low sphericity and angular shape
A|
2
= Correction for particle size (effective size, d
10
)
A|
2
= -11
o
For d
10
> 2.0 mm (gravel)
A|
2
= -9
o
For 2.0 > d
10
>0.6 mm (coarse sand)
A|
2
= -4
o
For 0.6 > d
10
>0.2 mm (medium sand)
A|
2
= 0 For 0.2 > d
10
>0.06 mm (fine sand)
A|
3
= Correction for graduation (uniformity coefficient, C
u
)
A|
3
= -2
o
For C
u
> 2.0 (well-graded)
A|
3
= -1
o
For C
u
= 2.0 (medium graded)
A|
3
= 0 For C
u
< 2.0 (poorly graded)
A|
4
= Correction for relative density (D
r
)
A|
4
= -1
o
For 0 < D
r
<0.5 (loose)
A|
4
= 0 For 0.5 < D
r
< 0.75 (intermediate)
A|
4
= +4
o
For 0.75 < D
r
< 1.00 (dense)
A|
5
= Correction for type of mineral
A|
5
= 0 For quartz
A|
5
= +4
o
For feldspar, calcite, chlorite
A|
5
= +6
o
For muscovite mica

|
tc
= 36
o
+ A|
1
+ A|
2
+ A|
3
+ A|
4
+ A|
5
in which:
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model

|
cv

|
max
=|
cv
+0.8¢
for NC Clays vs. PI
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Influence of Intermediate Principal Stress on
Friction Angle



Introduction:
Models and soil
mechanics


Special conditions Name of test Diagram


c b a
o o o = =


True triaxial



r c b
o o o = =


Cylindrical compression
The “triaxial” test



0 =
b
c


Plane strain or biaxial



0 =
b
o


Plane stress



0 = = =
r c b
c c c


One-dimensional compression
The oedometer test



0 = = =
r c b
o o o


Uniaxial compression or
Unconfined compression



0 = = =
c b a
o o o


Isotropic compression


Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Influence of Intermediate Principal Stress on
Friction Angle
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Drained Simple Shear Test
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
How to Understand ¢
| = ¢ + |
i
or ¢ = | - |
i

|
i
= inter particle angle of friction
quartz sand: ¢ ~ | – 30
o

Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model
Drained Triaxial Test

c
v
=c
x
+c
y
+c
z
= 2c
x
+c
y

tano =
2sin¢
1÷sin¢
(identical to biaxial test)
Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model

Contents • Idealized and Real Stress-Strain Behavior of Soils • Basic Concepts of Mohr-Coulomb Model • Mohr-Coulomb Model Modeling • Friction Angle • Influence of Intermediate Principal Stress on Friction Angle • Drained Simple Shear Test • How to Understand  • Drained Triaxial Test Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

Idealized and Real Stress-Strain Behavior of Soils Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

 y . zx ) ie  reversible elastic strain  ip  irreversible plastic strain  Computational Geotechnics f = yield function  Mohr-Coulomb Model  . xy. yz.etc.Basic Concepts of MohrCoulomb Model Bilinear approximation of triaxial test Basic law:  e p ip  0 for f  0 i  x. i  i   i f  f ( x . y. z .

Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

 y  x  p i  Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling g Flow rule for plastic strain:     i   g g p p This means: x   . y   . etc.

Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling   a multiplier that determines the magnitude of plastic strains g  i determines the direction of plastic Classical associated plasticity: g = f General non-associated plasticity: g  f M-C model: f  r – s sin – c cos : yield function g  r – s sin – c cos : plastic potential function strains Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling Nonlinear Failure Envelope Representation Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling Friction Angle Definitions Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling Strength Envelopes for a Range of Soil Types Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

Mohr-Coulomb Soil Modeling  tc Versus Relative Density and Unit Weight Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

Friction Angle Dilatancy Angle Relationships Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

2 > d10 >0. Cu) For Cu > 2.75 (intermediate) 4 = 0 o For 0.75 < Dr < 1.0 (medium gra ded) 3 = -1 For Cu < 2.2 mm (medium sand) 2 = -4 For 0.06 mm (fine sand) 2 = 0 Correction for gra duation (uniformity coefficient.0 (well-graded) 3 = -2o o For Cu = 2. chlorite 5 = +4 o For muscovite mica 5 = +6 Mohr-Coulomb Model = 3 = 4 = 5 = Computational Geotechnics .0 > d10 >0.5 < Dr < 0.00 (dense) 4 = +4 Correction for type of mineral For quartz 5 = 0 o For feldspar.0 (poorly graded) 3 = 0 Correction for relative density (Dr) For 0 < Dr <0.0 mm (gra vel) 2 = -11o o For 2.6 mm (coarse sand) 2 = -9 o For 0.6 > d10 >0. tc  36 o  1  2  3  4  5 in which: 1 2 = Correction for particle shape For high sphericity and subrounded shape 1 = -6o For low sphericity and angular shape 1 = +2o Correction for particle size (effec tive size.5 (loose) 4 = -1o For 0. d10) For d10 > 2. calc ite.

cv for NC Clays vs. PI  max  cv  0.8 Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

Influence of Intermediate Principal Stress on Friction Angle Special conditions Name of test Diagram Introduction: Models and soil mechanics a b c True triaxial b c r Cylindrical compression The “triaxial” test b  0 b  0 Plane strain or biaxial Plane stress b  c  r  0 One-dimensional compression The oedometer test b  c  r  0 Uniaxial compression or Unconfined compression a  b  c  0 Computational Geotechnics Isotropic compression Mohr-Coulomb Model .

Influence of Intermediate Principal Stress on Friction Angle Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

Drained Simple Shear Test Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

How to Understand   =  + i or  =  .i i = inter particle angle of friction quartz sand:    – 30o Computational Geotechnics Mohr-Coulomb Model .

Drained Triaxial Test v  x  y  z  2x  y 2sin tan  1 sin Computational Geotechnics (identical to biaxial test) Mohr-Coulomb Model .

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