Human Capital Management


What is SAP?
Systems  Applications  Products

◦ Standard ERP Software for real time Data processing

What is ERP?
 Enterprise

◦ Resource Planning

What is an Enterprise? An Enterprise is a huge organization with huge resources. Does this definition stand right now? .

) Marketing (Sales and Distribution Dept.) Methods (pervade all the other resources) .What are the Resources? An Enterprise has the following resources:       Money (Finance Dept.) Materials (Purchasing Dept.) Men (Human Resources Dept. and stores) Machines (Production Dept.

Planning entails the optimal utilization of resources so that the following are achieved: Productivity (relates to Men and Machines) Effectiveness (relates to Methods employed) Efficiency (relates to Men. . Methods and Machines) The Result is the Profitability of the Enterprise.What do we plan and why do we need to Plan? Planning is done for resources.

Benefits        Eliminates the duplication.Enterprise Architecture . discontinuity and redundancy in data Increases the return on investment made on IT implementations Delivers quality information designed for the Enterprise as a whole Faster and cheaper Delivers quality information to produce a quality enterprise Satisfying Partners/Customers Reducing required manpower .


Germany .Who? Founders : Ex-IBM Employees As? Founded as Systemanalyse und Programmentwic (System Analysis and Program Development) When? On April 1. 1972 Where? In Mannheim.

Brains behind SAP • • • • • Dietmar Hopp Hans-Werner Hector Hasso Plattner Klaus Tschira Claus Wellenreuther .

Why? Reason 1 : As Client after client are developing the same. computer programs • Reason 2 : So that data is processed interactively in real-time. or very similar. and the computer screen should be the focal point of data processing • .

Rivals of SAP in ERP Why do the rivals of SAP stand far behind SAP? .

.SAP success story • Market share : Nearly 60%. • World’s third-largest independent software vendor. • End users : More than one million end users around the world work with the R/3 system.


Products in Data Processing”) SAP moved its offices and headquarters to Walldorf in 1977. SAP went public as SAP AG on Nov 4.Events in SAP history In the fifth year of operations. Applications. SAP took a new name Systeme Anwendungen Produkte in der Datenverarbeitung (Systems. 1988. First customer for SAP German ICI subsidiary in Ostringen .

Architecture SAP R/1 in 1973 SAP R/2 in 1979 SAP R/3 in 1992 “R” stands for real-time data processing .

Architecture of R/1 System Interfaces developed in application programs itself. Client/server concept inexistent. 17 . File systems were used.


Data stored in Database.Architecture of R/2 System Main-frame version Uses DBMS for the first time Interface programming within Application programming. .


It handles different languages and currencies.SAP R/2 How is it different? It attains the high level of stability of the previous generation of programs. .

Architecture of R/3 System Client/Server concept introduced Uses RDBMS for data storage Interface programming separated from Application programming. . Maintains more than 2 servers at different tiers.


Presentation Layer, or client, interfaces with the user.
Application Layer houses all the business specific logic. Database Layer records and stores all the information about the system, including transactional and configuration data.


SAP R/3 How is it different? Client-server concept Uniform appearance of graphical interfaces Consistent use of relational databases Ability to run on computers from different vendors .

Facts about SAP R/3 29 .

such as Windows or UNIX .SAP R/3 was officially launched on 6 July. It is manageable on multiple platforms and operating systems. It is a client-server version of software. It embraced the object-oriented concept of “business objects” 30 . 1992.

and IBM in terms of Market Capitalization. It ranks after Microsoft. Google. Apple. SAP AG became the company’s official name after the 2005 annual general meeting. .It is the Largest European software vendor.

While its original products are typically used by Fortune 500 companies.  32 . SAP is now also actively targeting small and Medium sized Enterprises (SME) with its SAP Business One and SAP All-in-One.

000 companies in more than 120 countries. which are used by more than 12 million people.  33 .600 SAP installations serving more than 38.According to SAP officials. there are over 100.

who are familiar with the best practices. 34 . which were termed best-practice solutions of processes.SAP provided selected standardized processes. The implementation of SAP software commonly required the expertise of knowledgeable external consultants.

.SAP Industry Solution SAP Mill SAP Finance SAP Engineering & Construction SAP Oil & Gas SAP High Tech & Electronics SAP Consumer Products Business Information Warehouse SAP Transportation Sales Force Automation SAP Utilities SAP Health Care SAP Automotive SAP Media SAP Aerospace & Defense Advanced Planner & Optimizer .. SAP Chemicals SAP Pharmaceuticals SAP Retail SAP Banking SAP Service Providers . SAP Public Sector R/3 B2B Procurement SAP Telecomm.

36 .

Multi-national Multi-currency QM Quality Management Client / Server ABAP HR IS Industry Solutions Human Resources PS Project System Plant Maintenance WF Workflow Industry-Solutions Enterprise Model Data Internet / Intranet . Production Planning SD Sales & Distribution FI Financial Accounting Integrated RealTime CO Controlling Open Systems Client/Server Architecture R/3 PM TR Treasury.SAP R/3 System Integrated turnkey solutions MM PP Materials Mgmt.

Other major product offerings include •Advanced Planner and Optimizer(APO) • Business Information Warehouse(BW) • Customer Relationship Management(CRM) • Supply Chain Management(SCM) • Supplier Relationship Management(SRM) • Human Resources Management System(HRMS) • Product Lifecycle Management(PLM) • Exchange Infrastructure(XI) • Enterprise Portal(EP) • SAP Knowledge Warehouse(KW) .

yet powerful programs. geared toward the creation of simple. ABAP or ABAP/4 is a fourth generation language (4GL).SAP R/3 functionality is structured using its own proprietary language called ABAP (Advanced Business Application Programming). .

The Basis System (BC) includes the ABAP Programming language. . and is the heart (i.SAP has several layers.e. The Heart of the system (from the manager’s viewpoint) are the application modules. the base) of operations and should not be visible to higher level or managerial users.

com Technology SEM APO BBP Plug-Ins IBU Add-On classic R/3" BW CRM Central Applications with/without HR HR ABAP etc.Common mySAP. com Products . (Cross-Application) SAP BASIS (Basis) A common Basis for all mySAP.

such as FI/CO SAP Basis System Software .SAP Basis Customer Programs Applications.

Create & Test ABAP/4 programs) (Technical) (Authorizations/Ids/etc) .SAP R/3 Conceptual Areas SAP Conceptual Areas Application Area (Initiate and execute SAP transactions) (Functional) Basis Area (The technical administration of the system) Development Area (1. A developer’s workbench 2.

mySAP? mySAP links e-commerce solutions to existing ERP applications. using state-of-the-art Web technology. 44 .

System Landscape SAND TEST CUST QTST TRNG PROD Development Quality Assurance Production Transport group Transport group .


Logging on to SAP System Logon pad with different systems .



Adding to favorites Steps to add transaction to favorites Step I: Select the transaction you want to add to favorites Step II: Right click on the transaction you want to add to favorites Step III: Select Add to favorites. .





Board Executive Board cost center X Session 6 Session 4 Session 5 R  SAP AG .Working in Several Sessions Session 2 Session 2 Session 1 Session 3 Session 3 Cost center Cost acctg. Valid from Descriptions Name Description Long text Exec.

The Icon Bar in the R/3 System Enter Save Back Exit Cancel Help Execute Find Sort Print Change  Display ? Page R  SAP AG .

End session User profile Services Utilities List Object services Own spool requests Own jobs Short message Status. and parameters  Address: enables you to set your communication information  Defaults: allows you to specify your preferred printer and date and number formats  Parameters: allows you to set default values in frequently used fields R Information systems ? Tools   System        Create session  Hold data Set data Delete data Application values Own data Favorite maint... Log off  SAP AG . defaults.User Profiles  Own data: allows you to change your address.


Cross Application FI .Human Resources LO .Financial Accounting HR .R/3 Library Hide Back Forward Home Print Options Contents Index Search R/3 Library BC .Basis CA .Logistics Information R/3 Library R  SAP AG .SAP HTML Help Files SAP Help .




The most difficult part of SAP R/3 is its implementation. . Simply because SAP R/3 is never used the same way in any two places.

Defining the Points on the ASAP Roadmap •Initial Project Planning •Project Procedures •Training •Project Kickoff •Technical Requirements Planning •Quality Check •Project Management •Organizational Change Management •Training •Baseline Configuration and Confirmation •System Management •Final Configuration and Confirmation •Develop Programs. Interfaces etc. •Final Integration Test •Quality Check •Production Support •Ongoing KPI Management •Project End Project Preparation Business Realization Blueprint •Project Management •Organizational Change Management •Develop System Environment •Training •Business Organizational Structure •Business Process Definition •User Roles and Authorization •Quality Check Final Preparation Go Live & Support •Project Management •End User Training •System Management •System Tests •Detailed Project Planning •Cutover •Quality Check  SAP AG 2002 .

Develp. Organization. & Proced. Stand. Plan Progr.Documents of an ASAP Project 1 Project Charter Project Plan Scope Project Team Org. 2 Q&Adb Substructures: Business Strategy Organization General Settings Master Data Business Process Cross Application Development 3 Master Lists Microsoft Excel Spreadsheets for Development. Business Processes and Authorizations 4 Cutover Plan Volume Test Stress Test Technical Operations Manual 5 System Performance Review BPP Config. EU Training Material Business Blueprint Microsoft Word Documents Testing Plan Unit testing Test scenario Integration Conduct End User Training  SAP AG 2002 .

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