JIM CORBETT NATIONAL PARK

Corbett National Park situated in the foothills of the Himalayas, in the newly created state of Uttarakhand is haven for wildlife lovers in India. The present area of the Corbett national park is 1318.54 sq. km. including 520 sq. km. of core area of and 797.72 sq. km. of buffer area. The core area of the Corbett tiger reserve forms the Corbett National Park while the buffer contains reserve forests (496.54 sq.km.) as well as the Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary (301.18 sq.km.) Flat valleys are interspersed with hilly ridges and the Park's rolling grasslands provide an excellent view of its rich eco system. Corbett National Park is one of India's most beautiful wildlife areas has a tiger population of around 160, which makes this park as the last and the most important bastion of this endangered species in India.

The national park was renamed Jim Corbett National Park in his honour after his death in 1957. to kill man-eating tigers and leopards that were harassing people in the nearby villages of the garhwal and Kumaon region. now the Indian states of Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand. . Corbett held the rank of colonel in the British Indian Army and was frequently called upon by the government of the United Provinces. famous for hunting wild animals in India. Later on in life. JIM CORBETT (25JULY 187519APRPIL 1955) Jungle Lore. which enjoyed much critical acclaim and commercial success. and other books recounting his hunts and experiences. India – 19 April 1955 in Nyeri. His hunting successes earned him a long-held respect and fame amongst the people residing in the villages of Kumaon. Some even claim that he was considered to be a saint by the locals.Jim Corbett (hunter) Edward James "Jim" Corbett (25 July 1875 in Nainital. author and naturalist. Corbett spoke out for the need to protect India's wildlife from extermination and played a key role in creating a national reserve for the endangered Bengal tiger by using his influence to persuade the provincial government to establish it. Kenya) was a British hunter. turned conservationist.

the life of many mammals. shining foliage. mountain ecosystems are also delicate and unstable. birds. Therefore. shrubs.HABITATS AND ECOSYSTEM A mixture of habitats present at Jim Corbett National park is the home to a large species of mammals. Its richness of flora & fauna is clearly visible when one travels to Jim Corbett National Park. Sal is the main tree species of Corbett and often grows as dense forest. relief. there is great diversity in mountain habitats and mountain plant and animal communities have unique characteristics. Hence the sal forest ecosystem has a wide variety of trees. Naturally. BIJRANI TREES . reptiles and amphibians is linked to sal forests directly or indirectly for food or shelter. climbers. temperature. Being tall and robust sal trees allow several layers of vegetation to grow under or alongside them. Owing to the thinness of soil and the high propensity to erosion deforestation degrades mountains much swiftly and more irreversibly than other areas. MOUNTAINS Mountains are different from other landforms because they have an unusual variation in altitude. slope and the amount of sunlight received. SAL TREES Sal (Shorea rubusta) is a handsome tree that grows up to 35 m tall and has a majestic. birds and reptiles. fungi. These sal forests forms an important wildlife habitat throughout northern and central India. However. lichens and mosses. herbs. One gets to see how the different forms of life have formed a perfect ecosystem at Corbett National Park. Sal forests represent tropical monsoon type of climate that occur in areas with 100-200 cm rainfall annually and grow at 200-1200 m above sea level.

Rivers and Streams .

-Apr. Km. 400 mg .300 40 . 29013'N-29035'N. Shivalik foot hills. Pauri. to Feb.76 Sq.-Feb. Sonanadi Wildlife Sanctuary 301. Nov. During monsoon (June-October) the park remains closed. Km. Km. Year of Notification : 1935-36 Location : In the Himalayan foothills (Bhabar tract) in Nainital & Pauri Garhwal districts of Uttaranchal State Special Status Topography Altitude Longitude Latitude Climate : : : : : : 1st Tiger Reserve.220 Summers (March to June) are warm. . 1st National Park of India. Km.06 Sq.) is the best time to pay a visit to the park with cool to moderately cold temperatures. Garhwal 355. Km.460 190 .130 May-Jun. Min. 350 . Temp. 440 . 78033'E-78046'E. Winter (Nov. Km. Total : 1288. Sq.1200 mt.THE PARK PROFILE IUCN Class : II State : Uttaranchal District : Nainital 165. Area : Corbett National Park 520. Reserve Forest 466.32 Sq.32.80 Mar.400 90 .18 Sq.82 Sq. 250 . in 0C) Max.

there were much fewer elephants in Corbett but their population in the park has increased significantly in recent decades. Asian elephants live in a variety of habitats. shrubbery. The Asian Elephant . present throughout the Park. initiated from the Parks soil on 1st April 1973. Phulai chaur. largest of the land mammals. has been an integral part of the history. mythology and legends. culture and religion of India. and near the Saddle Dam. Although. And forests mean good air and plenty of freshwater. tradition. Earlier. The tiger is an indicator of a healthy wilderness ecosystem.FAUNA THE TIGER The tiger (Panthera tigris) is perhaps the most celebrated of the wild animals of India. They are part of the migratory population that also lives in Rajaji National Park. If the tiger is protected. Indias tiger conservation programme. The tiger has always had a close association Corbett National Park earlier through the writings of Jim Corbett and other shikaris and later because of the launch of Project Tiger. It has been worshiped as the guardian and ruler of the forest. mythology. It symbolises the power of Nature and finds an important place in our culture. elephants are most easily sighted in Dhikala chaur. both of which affect our own survival The elephant. and forest. our forests will also live. Corbett Tiger Reserve has about 700 Asian elephants. They prefer a combination of grassland.

It also has the ability to limb trees. adaptable to a variety of terrains as well as to a broad range of prey that includes everything from insects and rodents up to large ungulates. with characteristic white spots on its reddishbrown body. ber. Chital are ecologically important because they form an important prey base for carnivores like leopards and tigers. etc. They also help in dispersal of plant seeds including grasses and also tree and shrub species like amla. more graceful and have a long agile body that has rosettes instead of stripes. Compared to the tiger leopards are smaller. .FAUNA LEOPARD The Leopard (Panthera pardus) is the other large cat found in Corbett. It is also the most beautiful. Chital Spotted deer is the commonest of deer species of Corbett. Leopards are quite versatile.

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