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RCM

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Introduction

RCM is a process used to determine what must be done to ensure that any physical asset continues to do what its users need it for in a certain operating context.

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Introduction

RCM analysis provides a structured framework for analyzing the functions and potential failures of physical assets (such as an airplane, a manufacturing/production line, an oil refinery, a telecommunication system, etc.)

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Introduction

RCM used to develop a scheduled maintenance plan that will provide an acceptable level of operability, with an acceptable level of risk, in an efficient and cost-effective manner.

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Basic Steps of Applying (RCM)


1.

DEFINE ANALYZE ACT

2.

3.

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DEFINE
1)

Prepare for the Analysis Select the Equipment to Be Analyzed

2)

3)

Identify Functions

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ANALYZE
1)

Identify Functional Failures Identify and Evaluate (Categorize) the Effects of Failure

2)

3)

Identify the Causes of Failure

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ACT
1)

Select Maintenance Tasks

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DEFINE
1)

Prepare for the Analysis

1.

Gathering the team Establishing ground rules and discussing a plan


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2.

DEFINE
2)

Select the Equipment to Be Analyzed

1.

Scope of analysis System boundaries System description


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2.

3.

DEFINE
3)

Identify Functions

1.

preserve system function define a complete list of system functions.


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2.

ANALYZE
1)

Identify Functional Failures

Functional failures may include:


1.

Complete failure to perform a function


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ANALYZE
Functional Failures Example
Functional Failure A. Unable to discharge at all. B. Fluid flow restricted. 1. To maintain C. Fails to contain the discharge flow of 500 g fluid. pm +/- 10%. D. Discharge flow exceeds 505 g pm. E. Discharge flow drops below 495 g mp.
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Function

ANALYZE
2)

Identify and Evaluate the Effects of Failure

Effects can be defined at three different levels:


)

Local Effect - What is observed at 6/5/12

ANALYZE
2)

Identify and Evaluate the Effects of Failure

For example, if you run out of gas in your car, then: Local Effect: Fuel injectors fail to supply gas to the engine. Next Level Effect: Engine stops working.
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ANALYZE
3)

Identify the Causes of Failure


the specific cause of the functional failure at the actionable level (i.e. the level at which it will be possible to apply a maintenance strategy to address the potential failure).
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The cause of failure (failure mode) represents

ANALYZE
Function Functional Failure 1. To deliver oil from tank T1 to tank T2 at not less than 1000L/min. A. Oil Leak. B. No oil delivered. C. Deliver less than 1000L/min. Failure Mode A.1. Crack. A.2. Screws in the joints not tightened correctly. A.3. Screws broke. B.1. Impeller comes adrift. B.2. Impeller jammed by foreign objects. B.3. Motor burned out. B.4. Inlet valve jammed. B.5. Bearing seized. C.1. Impeller worn. C.2. Partially blocked suction line. C.3. Motor slowing down. C.4. Inlet valve partially clogged.

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ACT
1)

Select Maintenance Tasks

1.

Scheduled Inspections Run-to-Failure Design Change


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2.

3.

RCM USAGE IN THE DIFFERENTS INDUSTRIES


1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6)

Aircraft And Aerospace Industry Nuclear Industry RCM in chemical industries Process/Oil & Gas RCM applied in a hospital In a company of water distribution
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