PROJECT ON:-

PREPARED BY :
CHARVI PATHAK PIET MBA(2011-12)

STRESS MANAGEMENT

INDEX  INTR0DUCTION WHAT IS STRESS? CAUSES OF STRESS SIGNS OF THE STRESS OVERLOAD STRESS IN CHILDHOOD DEFINITION SIGNS OF STRESS HOW PARENTS CAN HELP TO REDUCE STRESS WHAT CHILDREN CAN DO TO RELIEVE FROM STRESS STRESS IN TEENAGE FACTORS SIGNS OF STRESS MANAGEMENT SKILLS FOR STRESS IN TEENAGE CAUSES OF STRESS STRESS AMONG YOUTH FACTORS POINTS TO REDUCE STRESS CONCLUSION    .

 STRESS AMONG WOMEN CAUSES OF STRESS ARTICLE OF CHETAN BHAGAT STRESS AMONG MEN CAUSES OF STRESS STRESS MANAGEMENT FOR MEN STRESS AMONG SENIOR CITIZENS SIGNS OF STRESS WAYS TO MANAGE STRESS STRESS MANAGEMENT CAUSES OF STRESS MANAGEMENT KEEP STRESS UNDER CONTROL      E-BOOKS & RESOURCES REFERANCE .

It's the body's way of rising to a challenge and preparing to meet a tough situation with focus.   . pressure and change. A certain amount of stress makes life challenging and less boring. but too much can be bad for you– both physically and mentally.WHAT IS STRESS? Stress is a feeling that's created when we react to particular events. For the sake of your health. it’s important to recognize and manage stress before it does you harm. Everybody experiences stress. safety and happiness. stamina. and heightened alertness. It’s the body’s natural reaction to tension. strength.

can cause people to feel stress overload. Here are some of the things that can overwhelm the body's ability to cope if they continue for a long time: Being bullied or exposed to violence or injury. family conflicts. Ongoing problems with schoolwork related to a learning disability or other problems. or the heavy emotions that can accompany a broken heart or the death of a loved one. stress overload is a different story — too much stress isn't good for anyone. or troubles that are shouldered alone.WHAT CAUSES STRESS OVERLOAD?   Although just enough stress can be a good thing. Pressures that are too intense or last too long. such as ADHD (usually once the problem is recognized and the person is given the right learning support the stress disappears)    . Relationship stress.

Some people become angry and act out their stress or take it out on others. or doing drugs sadness or depression Everyone experiences stress a little differently. . And some people who have a chronic illness may find that the symptoms of their illness flare up under an overload of stress. and hurried irritability and moodiness physical symptoms. Some people internalize it and develop eating disorders or substance abuse problems. hassled.SIGNS OF STRESS OVERLOAD People who are experiencing stress overload           may notice some of the following signs: anxiety or panic attacks a feeling of being constantly pressured. such as eczema or asthma problems sleeping drinking too much. overeating. smoking. or even chest pain allergic reactions. such as stomach problems. headaches.

. as is death or loss of a loved one. injury. Medical treatments produce even greater stress. Recognition of parental stress (such as that seen in divorce or financial crisis) is a severe stressor for children. Pain. but it is most commonly linked with negative changes such as illness or death in the family. The situation often produces anxiety. Children learn how to respond to stress by what they have seen and experienced in the past. but because children have few previous experiences from which to learn.STRESS IN CHILDHOOD    Childhood stress can be caused by any situation that requires a person to adapt or change. Most stresses experienced by children may seem insignificant to adults. Stress may be caused by positive changes. and illness are major stressors for children. even situations that require small changes can have enormous impacts on a child's feelings of safety and security. such as starting a new activity.

other changes in eating habits Headache New or recurrent bedwetting Nightmares Sleep disturbances Stuttering Upset stomach or vague stomach pain Other physical symptoms with no physical illness          . Parents may suspect that the child is excessively stressed if the child has experienced a potentially stressful situation and begins to have symptoms such as: Physical symptoms:Decreased appetite.SIGNS OF UNRESOLVED STRESS IN CHILDREN Children may not recognize that they are stressed.

fear of being alone.     Emotional or behavioral symptoms: Anxiety Worries Inability to relax New or recurring fears (fear of the dark. fear of strangers) Clinging. unwilling to let you out of sight Questioning (may or may not ask questions) Anger Crying Whining Inability to control emotions Aggressive behavior Stubborn behavior Regression to behaviors that are typical of an earlier developmental stage Unwillingness to participate in family or school activities           .

Build your child's feelings of self-worth. or fears. Try to involve your child in situations where he or she can succeed.          . which can produce fears and anxiety. Try to use positive encouragement and reward instead of punishment. Encourage your child to ask questions. Be selective in the television programs that young children watch (including news broadcasts). and dependable home. relaxed time with your children. Encourage expression of concerns. Spend calm. secure. familiar. consistent. Following are some tips: Provide a safe.HOW PARENTS CAN HELP Parents can help children respond to stress in healthy ways. Listen to your child without being critical. worries. Use encouragement and affection.

Encourage physical activity. Recognize signs of unresolved stress in your child. . These include new experiences. Keep your child informed of necessary and anticipated changes such as changes in jobs or moving Seek professional help or advice when signs of stress do not decrease or disappear. the better their response to stress will be. and loss. because research shows that the more people feel they have control over a situation. This is particularly important. fear of unpredictable outcomes.      Allow the child opportunities to make choices and have some control in his or her life. Develop awareness of situations and events that are stressful for children. unmet needs or desires. unpleasant sensations.

and remember that nobody is perfect. Do your best. Ask for help if you are having problems managing your stress. give yourself time to enjoy it. Take a warm bath. Exercise. Physical activity reduces stress. Try to relax. try someone else that you can trust. Be with people who accept and respect you. Set realistic expectations. Stress and anxiety . Listen to calm music. Respect others. If you cannot communicate with your parents. Take some time for yourself.WHAT CHILDREN CAN DO TO RELIEVE STRESS          Below are some tips that children can follow themselves to help reduce stress: Talk about problems. Learn to love yourself and respect yourself. If you have a hobby or favorite activity. Remember that drugs and alcohol never solve problems. Close your eyes and take slow deep breaths.

Severe stress can cause depression. It can make a teenager more prone to physical and mental illness. and irritable bowel syndrome among other things. Stress can have many adverse effects on human body as well as in mind.WHAT CAUSES STRESS IN TEENS? Stress is a normal physical and psychological reaction to events that make one feel in jeopardy or upset. severe emotional trouble. Stress in children and teenagers are as common as in adults. a regular dullness. Stress makes feel very tired and unprepared to deal with life’s difficulties. .

             The events in life that cause the body to experience stress are called stressors. A few stressors teens deal with are changing schools going on a first date high expectations placed upon them by parents and teachers competing in sports participating in extracurricular activities having a job being over-scheduled not fitting in socially being ahead or behind in physical development throwing a party family disfunction such as abuse or alcoholism in the home winning a scholarship to the college of their dreams .

alcohol or sex pressure to fit in with peer groups and measure up to others adaptation to bodily changes family and peer conflicts taking on too many activities at one time .TEENAGE STRESS FACTORS        academic pressure and career decisions pressure to wear certain types of clothing or hairstyles pressure to try drugs.

. deeper breathing. muscle pains. chronic fatigue) "shutting down" and withdrawal from people and activities increased anger or irritable lashing out at others increased tearfulness and feelings of hopelessness chronic feelings of worry and nervousness difficulty sleeping and eating difficulty concentrating Our body's natural reaction to life events that we perceive as overwhelming is the "fight or flight" response. shallow breathing. which may produce a faster heart rate. a sense of dread and a desire to escape. teens can teach themselves to perceive life challenges as being within their control and can even change their body's reactions to such events.TEENAGE "STRESS OVERLOAD" SIGNS:         increased physical illness (headaches. There are many stress management skills that promote the relaxation response. promoting a lower heart rate. However. stomachaches. increased blood flow. clearer thinking and feelings of calmness and control.

such as music. art.STRESS MANAGEMENT SKILLS FOR TEENS           Taking deep breaths accompanied by thoughts of being in control ("I can handle this") Progressive muscle relaxation.. older adults and friends Lowering unrealistic expectations Scheduling breaks and enjoyable activities. but realizing no one is perfect! . practicing public speaking or asking someone out on a date) Talking about problems with others. (repeatedly tensing and relaxing large muscles of the body) Setting small goals and breaking tasks into smaller manageable chunks Exercising and eating regular meals.g. and avoiding excessive caffeine Focusing on things you can control and letting go of things you cannot control Rehearsing and practicing feared situations (e. sports. socializing Accepting yourself as you are and identifying unique strengths and building on them. including parents.

Generally. as the two genders often operate in different social contexts. both tend to develop different emotional dispositions and personality traits. their responses and coping mechanisms to stress situations vary. It is not known for sure if stress affects men and women differently.STRESS AMONG FEMALE Causes of female and male depression and anxiety might be quite different from each other. . Accordingly.

Women   Women. including balancing between social and personal requirements. The issues of maternity. gender roles. affects men and women alike. social networks. It relates to a woman`s help-seeking attitude. There is a strong relationship between social support and mental stress and trauma in women. Besides these factors. conditions at home and workplace. menopause. parenthood. Experiencing a high level of burnout was associated with increased absenteeism if employees had children under six living at home or reported having difficulty with their child care arrangements. adapting to a new workplace culture and reformations tends in job sectors. and support networks. have a lot of balancing to do between home and workplace. . often blight women`s lives in the long run. kinship networks. familial and social support et al. in these days.

Stress management of women: .

the highest suicide rate occurs in men from 35 to 44 years old. making it the 13th most common cause of death for men.STRESS AMONG MEN For men workplace stress can have extreme consequences. In Japan. Causes of uncertainty can be: • Not having a clear idea of what the future holds •Not knowing where your organization will be going • Not having any career development plans • Not knowing what will be wanted from you in the future •Not knowing what your boss or colleagues think of your abilities •Receiving vague or inconsistent instructions . Lack of information or the actions of other people can negatively affect your ability to perform. when three Japanese men—all heads of car part companies—took their lives on the same night. Newspapers carried the triple suicide story in March 1998. According to the Government`s Statistics Bureau. The reason they gave is—Poor Company Finances! Uncertainty in workplace can cause high levels of stress. work stress related suicide rate among men has risen over the last 15 years.

It makes everything work better. you may find it very therapeutic. Even if you don't feel like writing about how you feel. talk to a counselor or therapist. Cut down on the caffeine. once you get going. Use humor to diffuse tense situations. . Try meditation or other relaxation techniques. Keep a journal to vent.HERE ARE SOME TIPS FOR BETTER MALE STRESS MANAGEMENT:        Don't feel like talking about it? Write about it. Sometimes it's easier to talk to somebody who isn't part of your personal life. Exercise is an excellent way to release pent-up anxiety. anger. or feelings of depression. and it can raise your blood pressure. Caffeine can make you feel more anxious. If you feel like your feelings are out of control. Drink more water.

or under-eating .STRESS MANAGEMENT FOR SENIOR CITIZENS Recognize the Signs of Stress         Physical Symptoms of Stress Headaches Upset stomach Increased arthritis pain Chronic conditions worsen Tightness in the chest Oversleeping or sleepiness Over.

Many of these symptoms can be caused by medical conditions.   Emotional Symptoms of Stress Anxiety Irritability (angry at small things) Increased forgetfulness Difficulty making decisions Confusion Hopelessness It is important to consult with your doctor.      . but often they result from poorly managed stress.

taking interim steps to relieve the symptoms until the underlying causes have been addressed. it can be very healthy. However. .STRESS MANAGEMENT             Stress Management is an important part of daily living for everyone. We all need stress in order to survive. It can harm: health happiness work performance team spirit and co-operation relationships personal development Stress management involves. or even enjoyable. Teams need it to perform well. at the simplest level: recognising the symptoms of stress identifying the causes taking action to address the causes and thereby reduce the symptoms where necessary. when stress becomes excessive it can be very damaging. and in the right doses.

E-Books and Resources for Stress Management and Relief .

.dbhds.gov/Terrorism/.virginia.REFERENCES:- www./Adult/ StressManagementSenior..com  www.slideshare.doc  .

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