SPACE VECTOR MODULATION FOR NINE SWITCH INVERTER

OBJECTIVES
•To reduce the number of switches so that switching losses are reduced. •This is achieved by implementing a nine switch inverter to control two independent 3 phase loads. •The implementation is achieved using the equation, Total number of switches = 3N+3, where N= number of loads connected. •Here the control signals are given to the switches using Space Vector Modulation technique which is a form of PWM technique.

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM .

SVM SWITCHING SEQUENCE .

MODES OF OPERATION .

SIMULATION CIRCUIT .

SIMULATION PARAMETERS .

SIMULATION RESULT PHASE VOLTAGE .

LINE VOLTAGE .

INFERENCE OBTAINED OUTPUT VOLTAGE WAVEFORM: PEAK TO PEAK VOLTAGE FREQUENCY =190V = 50hz .

BLOCK DIAGRAM AC Supply Bridge Rectifier Filter Nine Switch Inverter Load Driver Circuit 12V Supply Controller 5V Supply .

HARDWARE CIRCUIT .

.C2=2. •A Z-source inverter including L1.2mf was added and the hardware results are obtained.L2=2mh and C1.HARDWARE DETAILS •An AC input voltage of 100V is used. •Port C of the PIC microcontroller is used as the output port to send the pwm signals.

HARDWARE WIRING DIAGRAM .

0.5Amps 25v. 10uf 0.Circuit Micro controller circuit Device Transformer Bridge rectifier -w10M Capacitor Capacitor Capacitor Regulator -7805 Microcontroller -16F877A Specification 230/12v 1. 470uf 16v.5amps Type Core type Electrolytic Electrolytic Ceramic .1uf 5v.

channel . 1000uf Type Core type Electrolytic type Wound type Electrolytic 6amps N.Circuit Power circuit and inverter Device Transformer Bridge rectifier – BR64 Capacitor Inductor Capacitor MOSFET –IRF840 Specification 230/100v 6 amps 63v.

2 9 18 27 Driver circuit Transformer Transistor Transistor Capacitor Diode Core Type PNP NPN Electrolytic 1 18 9 9 9 . 25V IN4007 Type IC No.Circuit Device Buffer IC Opto isolators Resistor Resistor Specification MCT2E 1k ohm 100 ohm 230/12v CK100 2N2222A 1000uf.

•8kilobytes of flash memory •368 bytes of data memory •256 bytes of EEPROM .PIC16F877A PIN DETAILS ADVANTAGES: •Inbuilt watchdog timer •Simple instructions – only 35 instruction words. •Less time cycle .All the instructions are single cycle instructions except branch instructions which take two cycles.

FLOWCHART Start Turn of watch dog timer Make port B input port Make port B output port Initialize port C to low initially A Continuous loop i=1 Generate i th signal through port C Generate delay based on port B status i=i+1 Is i<=9 B B A .

HARDWARE RESULT Input voltage 100 Output voltage 94V Voltage efficiency due to z-source inverter 94% .

ADVANTAGES •Reduce the cost •Reduce the number of semiconductor switching APPLICATIONS •Industrial appliance •Variable frequency application •High power inverter application .

For the impedance source inverter SVM algorithm is developed to reduce the number of switching and number of semiconductor switches.CONCLUSION  Switching sequence of the proposed SVM is composed of the upper active vectors. The upper and lower active vectors are determined. . the lower active vectors and the zero vectors.   The performance of the proposed SVMs was verified using computer simulation and it was validated using experimental data.

The future scope of our project would be implementing the same to control multi number of loads with less number of switches. using the equation 3N + 3.FUTURE SCOPE  Our demo consists of controlling two loads with nine switch inverter. .

“Characteristic comparison between five-leg inverter and nine-switch inverter.    . 2346–2350. Power Electron. 279–283. 24. (IAS). 2009. 2007.REFERENCES  T. Power Electron. Conf. May 2009. Conf. Xu. R. N. Kominami and Y. C. pp.” IEEE Trans. 1151–1160. Power Convers. and D. (EPE).vol. Annu. K. Oka. Zargari. 2. Eur. Liu.” in Proc. andD. Soc. 5. “A novel nine-switch PWM rectifier inverter topology for three-phase UPS applications. no. Y.” in Proc. “A novel nine-switch inverter for independent control of two three-phase loads.. and K.Xu. N. Fujimoto. Liu. Nozawa. Matsuse. Zargari. Suzuki. Nagoya. B. 2007. C.. A. IEEE Ind. 19. vol.” J. Wu. B. Omata. Appl. Furuya. 1–10. pp. no.Wu. K. “A novel three-phase three-leg AC/AC converter using nine IGBTs. pp. pp.

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