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Smart Pipe System


Its technology, references, trends, prospect and issues

JaeSoon, Seo (WACON CO., LTD.)

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CONTENTS
1. Smart pipe technology 2. References and then

Smart Pipe System

3. Domestic and foreign trends

4. Prospect and Issues 5. Q & A

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1. Smart pipe technology

1. Background

Smart Pipe System

2. Research Activity 3. Smart Pipe Technology

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1.1 Background
Increase accidents of breakage or leakage due to urbanization. Increase citizens inconvenience. Increase the maintenance fee to repair the pipelines. Water works Carbon Steel DCIP/CIP PE/PVC Stainless Steel

Problems

After aging, leakage will be occurred on the pipelines. Preventing accidents is very important!
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1.2 Research Activity


Leak rate of the republic of korea 2007 is 12.8% and its loss is about $466million per year. Repairing period is about 15 20 years. so economic loss will occur periodically. There was the national research project since 2001. its result was released at the world water forum 2009 in istanbul, turkey.

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1.3 Smart Pipe System -

Concept

K-Smart Pipe has sensing cables which recognize breakage or leakage of pipelines. It has also the function that protects corrosion of pipelines. The remote terminal device(RTD-1000) can recognize the event of breakage or leakage and get the distance from the device to the event. It can also display the event point over the GIS map and alarm the warning message to the operator.
GPS Operation Center

Remote Terminal Device Emergency

Alarm message Manual Check Wire or Wireless Network

RTD-1000
T/B

T/B

Pulse signal

Echo Pulse

Echo Pulse Event Display

Leak sensor electron

Breakage Sensible Cable Pin hole Sensible Pipe Server Software

Distance = echo pulse time x pulse speed WACON CO., LTD. (www.wacon.co.kr) (jsseo21c@wacon.co.kr) Smart pipe technology 6

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1.3 Smart Pipe System


It can be connected each other with both joint and weld types.

pipe architecture

Pipe has a pair of sensible cable in the middle of the PE coated layer of pipe.

After connecting, you must verify the state of pipes connected with each other using TDR device.

Pipe Architecture

Joint type

A pair of sensible cable in the middle of coated layer of pipe. Diameter: D80mm~D1650mm.

Installation procedures of joint type

Cross section
10mm(accu.+-5%) 100mm(accu+-5%)

Sensible cables

Weld type

PE layer Carbon steel Epoxy Installation procedures of joint type

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1.3 Smart Pipe System

pipe installation

Parts: Gasket, Couplers, Pipe, Nuts & bolts, Hard covers Leak sensor.

L or T typed pipes are also supported The below table is showing procedures of pipe join.

Pictures

Procedures
1. Digs the ground 2. Pipe alignment and gasket insertion 3. lubrication 4. Coupler join 5. Anti-corrosion tape attachment 6. Sensor connection

Pictures

Procedures
7. Anode connection 8. Check and data collection 9. Insertion data into database 10. Hard cover join 11. Burying pipes 12. Finishing

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1.3 Smart Pipe System

anti-corrosion

Anode pays a role of prevention of pipe corrosion and its material is magnesium. Anode capacity is 17 pound and it works for 20 years within the coat loss of 20%. Anode installation specification: according to soil resistances you must install an anode following as the table.
Diameter D80mm D100mm D150mm D200mm D250mm D300mm D350mm D400mm D450mm D500mm 5k/cm 420m 264m 223m 166m 132m 109m 95m 83m 74m 66m 10k/cm 343m 132m 180m 134m 106m 88m 76m 67m 59m 53m 10k/cm 288m 114m 212m 159m 127m 107m 90m 79m 70m 63m Diameter D600mm D700mm D800mm D900mm D1,000mm D1,100mm D1,200mm D1,350mm D1,500mm D1,650mm 5k/cm 54m 47m 41m 36m 33m 30m 27m 24m 22m 20m 10k/cm 44m 38m 33m 29m 26m 24m 22m 19m 17m 16m 10k/cm 52m 45m 39m 34m 31m 41m 26m 23m 21m 19m

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1.3 Smart Pipe System


1. Testing pipes under construction.

Pipeline verification

2. Testing pipe breakages occurred by other constructions. 3. Collecting data of each pipe constructed and inserting them into database. 4. So its possible to confirm progress states of construction at the real field. 5. After construction, operators can share information of pipes constructed.

1. This is the T/B which is called as test box. 2. After burying pipes, you can check and test pipelines at this place. 3. You can see weather pipelines have no problems breakage or leakage or not. 4. and can also see corrosion status of pipes 5. You can trace pipelines

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1.3 Smart Pipe System

Monitoring Device(RTU)

1. A remote terminal device(RTD-1000) pays a role to monitor the status of pipelines. 2. It can get the distance information from its position to the event point and send to the server. 3. It uses now wire or wireless networks with TCPIP, CDMA, GSM, GPRS protocols and so on. 4. It can monitor the length of pipeline per a remote terminal device like showing the below table. 5. There are differences between monitoring lengths depending on the diameter of pipes. Diameter
D80mm D100mm D150mm D200mm D250mm D300mm D350mm D400mm D450mm D500mm

Per a RTD
11,420m 9,520m 7,860m 6,230m

Diameter
D600mm D700mm D800mm D900mm D1,000mm D1,200mm D1,350mm D1,500mm D1,650mm

Per a RTD
2,250m

1,920m
1,690m 1,500m

5,050m
4,240m 3,840m 3,350m 2,980m 2,680m

1,360m
1,120m 1,000m 900m 820m

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1.3 Smart Pipe System

Operation sequence

1. The event of breakage or leakage at the real pipelines occurs. 2. The remote terminal device(RTD-1000) recognizes the event and gets the distance information and sends it. 3. The server software receives the distance information and displays the position of the event on GIS map. 4. and then it alarms to operators who registered in server database.

Leakage Breakage

Sensing Sending

Display the point on the GIS map

Alarm to an operator

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1.3 Smart Pipe System

Installation video

Safety

Security

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1.3 Smart Pipe System

Operation video

Safety

Security

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2. References and then

1. Applications

Smart Pipe System

2. Effects 3. Features

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2.1 References and then


Applications Reference regions

Applications
Pictures

Water

Pyeongtaek, Kimpo, Paju, Jinju, Wonju, Jeju Daejeon city of the republic of korea.

GAS

Asan city of the republic of korea.

Sewer

Paju city of the republic of korea.

Steam

Paju city of the republic of korea.

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2.2 References and then

Effects

1. There are breakages under a variety of constructions. 2. For examples: Rocks, screw drivers or backhoes scratches, careless mistakes etc. 3. In fact, there are so many kinds of breakage at the real field like below pictures.

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2.2 References and then

Effects

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2.2 References and then

Effects

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2.3 References and then


Functions Effectiveness

Features
Profits

Its possible to test the pipe under construction. So its able to prevent pipes from handling carelessly.

Its possible to share information of each pipe. So its easy for operators to communicate together.

Its possible to prevent pipes from corrosion and leakage. So its able to decrease amount of leak loss and increase the age of pipe more than 20 years at least.

Its able to find out pipes scratches and repair them. Its possible to prevent pipes from aging.

Its able to find out breakage point in real time. Its possible to decrease the fee for repairing pipes and therefore decrease times of pipe replace.

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3. Domestic and foreign trends

1. Domestic trends

Smart Pipe System

2. Foreign trends

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3.1 Domestic & foreign trends


Items Cable-embeded system [ Smart Pipe System ] Film-embeded system

Domestic
Block system or DMA

Optical cable system

Shapes

Service Type

Before service is more efficient than after service.


A pulse wave is sent into a sensor cable and then its echo wave returns from the fault point of the pipe line. So it is possible to detect and find its position. An anti-corrosion solution is also supported. It can prevent the corrosion of the pipe line. many, smarter than others O just in time Searched by the fault point unit just in time Verifiable under construction A current flows into a film-typed sensor embeded in the surface coat of a pipe. When some damages or leakages takes place, it is possible to sense the change of the current state.

After service
After leaking from the pipe line, a optical sensor cable attached on the pipes can detect the leakage of the pipe line. The trend of temperature of pipelines is used to detect the leakage point. A flow meter installed at a block entry gethers and a server software analize the trend of water flow. then If the server finds out the change of a flow pattern, then notifies its result to operators.

Signal

References Anti-corrosion Breakage Leakage

not released X (optional) just in time Searched by the fault point unit just in time Verifiable under construction

pilot X (optional) after leakage Searched by the fault point unit after changing on the temperature trend Non-verifiable under construction

many X (optional) after leakage Searched by the block area unit after changing on the flow trend Non-verifiable under construction

Verifying

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3.2 Domestic & foreign trends


1. Renewal of the pipe line U.S.A

Foreign

2. Pipe line under the sea - Norway

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Smart Pipe System

4. Prospect and issues

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4.2 Prospect and issues


Generation Complexity

1
Simple Natural materials

2 . Composite
Multimaterials

3
Intelligent/Smart

4
Smart + Complex

5
Auto-adaptive materials

Materials

Sensitive materials

Controllable materials

Pipes

Detection, integrated control, action

Systems

AR(Augmented Reallity)

Features Times

dot past

line cuttent

faces

4D : Reality+Virtual space future

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5. Q & A

K-Smart Pipe System


For more information, Plz. search k-smart pipe system at the above portal site!

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