D Resident

• One large component of Indian popular culture today is alcohol. • A common stereotype for the effects of alcohol is that as a drug it acts as a stress antagonist. • Why do we drink? • When do we drink ? and • How much do we drink? • Does the alcohol do good for the health ?

cancer and stroke. skin damage. Heart Damage. can cause infertility. . • Alcohol can affect most parts of the body and in addition to cause liver damage. which can be reversed if the intake is reduced.SOME FACTS: • Drinking more than 6 pegs of alcohol/week is associated with the increase in blood pressure.

are associated with alcohol.• Many accidents. eg: unprotected sex. • One glass of alcohol in a party may slightly reduce the changes of developing CHD. episodes of violence and risk-taking behaviors. . • Excess alcohol in those under the 20 years can damage the brain while it is still developing. • Safe drinking means drinking 1-2 glasses/ year.

Brandy: 40 . diazepam added for greater kick. . Shery: 20% Wine: 10 .60% Wiskey. • Arrack is a liquor. rice. Gin. distilled from palm.ALCOHOL PERCENTAGE • • • • • Rum: 50 .45% Port. sugar or jaggery Strength is – 40 -50%.15% Beers: 4 – 8%. Chloral hydrate and potassium bromide.

morbidity and social. or who experience withdrawal symptoms. that is mortality.CHRONIC ALCOHOL ADDICTS • Drinking alcohol intake also requires consideration of all aspects of the outcomes of drinking. • Heavy consumption of the alcohol leads to cardiomyopathy. • Chronic alcoholics are those who have reached a state of more or less irreversible somatic or brain changes caused by alcohol. as well as quality of life. • People who cannot stop drinking for long. . economic and criminal consequences. hypertension and stroke.

• peripheral neuritis. dementia occur in the last stage. • tremors of the tongue and hands. • jaundice. anorexia. • hypoproteinaemia and general anasarca. loss of memory. • impaired power of judgment. diarrhoea. • insomnia. vomiting.SYMPTOMS • The patient suffers from nausea. .

(unpleasant and disturbing) . • Acute Alcoholic Hallucinations: Persistent hallucinations develop within 48 hours after cessation of alcohol intake.• Alcoholic Polyneuritis • Alcoholic Paranoia: fixed delusions. The hallucinations may be auditory or visual.

Symptoms include disturbance of consciousness (ranging from mild confusion to coma). . ataxia.• Alcoholic Epilepsy:(RUM FITS) • Wernicke's Encephalopathy: This results from Vitamin B1. deficiency. opthalmoplegia. Lateral nystagmus. delirium and stupor.

in which impairment of short-term memory. • Mallory-Weiss Syndrome : Ruptured esophagus with mediastinitis occurs .• Korsakoff psychosis. • Marchiafava's Syndrome: Degeneration of the corpus callosum. . • Cardiac arrhythmia's : tachyarrhythmia's are common which may cause sudden death.

Gastric and peptic ulcer. . Myocarditis.• • • • • • Malnutrition. Cirrhosis. Mental illness: Depression and high risk for suicide. Pancreatitis.

ALCOHOL AND TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS The safe driving is interfered due to • It increases reaction time. judgement. • It impairs concentration. and degrades muscular coordination. . • It creates false confidence. • It decreases visual and auditory acuity.

working with out a culture. a person used to drink in spite of problem in his life. such as rash driving. • Substance dependence is a need of alcohol.Why ALCOHOL is danger • The pattern of using alcohol leads to problems in a person’s life. talking in arrogant manner. . The person often needs more alcohol to get the same effect. • Cause problems with family or friends • Cause trouble with the law or at work. • Put others at risk.

the person slips further away from family and friends. whiskey. wine. • Alcohol consumption along with cigarette can increase the chance by 50% of heart failure and lung cancer • Alcohol consumption can cause liver failure in the chronic alcoholic and can leads to fetal diseases. • Alcohol such as beer. • It will make the person to get addicted to consume alcohol for all the day. rum and cheap liquor are more dangerous to health and can harm to all the organs of the body.• As dependence grows. • Alcohol leads to dependence and withdrawn suddenly can cause psychiatric syndromes .