• Contents 1. Fragments: recognizing and correcting fragments 2.

Run-ons: recognizing and correcting run-ons *Practice between each content

• Part of a sentence should not be presented as a full sentence ending with a period or other end mark.1 Recognizing fragments • Definition: a fragment is a group of words that does not express a complete thought.1. .

Without looking back 4. 3. 2. Because we missed the train 2. The boy wearing the green shirt is Tim. . Sue got on the train without looking back. the river rose. 4. After the rainfall 3. We were late because we missed the train. The boy wearing the green shirt • Sentences 1.Examples • Fragments 1. After the rainfall.

Who won? 4. 2. Enjoys working out at the gym. The player with the lowest score. 1. To see the new museum was a real thrill. Which Cindy got for her birthday.Practice • Decide whether each group of words is a sentence or a fragment. 3. . 5.

2 Correcting fragments • A phrase should not be capitalized and punctuated as if it were a sentence. A stray dog followed us home. Followed us home Completed sentences 1.1. 2. A person with great integrity 2. Phrase fragments 1. A person with great integrity is needed. .

• Clause fragment 1. What I asked was impossible to do.A subordinate clause should not be capitalized and punctuated as if it were a sentence. Whom I greatly respect 2. . What I asked • Completed sentence 1. Just as we began our picnic 3. 2. Lee is someone whom I greatly respect. The rain started just as we began our picnic 3.

. and cherry cheesecake • Completed sentence 1. Blueberry pie. The dessert choices include blueberry pie. strawberry shortcake. • Series fragment 1.Words in a series should not be capitalized and punctuated as if they were a sentence. and cherry cheesecake. strawberry shortcake.

You succeeded. 4. clause fragment. or a sentence. series fragment. A wide meadow. 3. a babbling brook. Wherever you want them. 2. and bright sunshine. .Practice • Decide whether each item is a phrase fragment. To make friends in a new place. 1.

1 Recognizing run-ons • Definition: a run-on sentence is two or more complete sentences that are not properly joined or separated. . they are not separated by an end mark. The lettuce is thriving. that is. • Examples The coals are ready now we can begin cooking. or they are separated only by a comma.2. the broccoli is straggly.

we knew she would. Louise did a wonderful job. the swings and sandbox amused them. but he forgot to bring it. 4. We got three easy outs our team was up. 1. . 3. 2.Practice • Identify each item as a run-on or a sentence. The children played in the back yard. David has a new camera.

2 Correcting run-ons • 5 methods to correct run-ons 1. End mark Run-on: What do you think will we win? Fixed sentence: What do you think? Will we win? .2.

Comma and coordinating conjunction Run-on: Kelly came with us. but Sue stayed home. Sue stayed home. Fixed sentence: Kelly came with us. .2.

Semicolon Run-on: The food was delicious the service was excellent.3. Fixed sentence: The food was delicious. the service was excellent. .

a 747. . landed gracefully.4. One simple sentence Run-on: The jet was a 747 it landed gracefully. Fixed sentence: The jet.

we had played our best. One complex sentence Run-on: We lost the game we had played our best. Fixed sentence: Although we lost the game.5. .

Sue stayed home. Fixed sentence: Kelly came with us. but Sue stayed home. .2. Comma and coordinating conjunction Run-on: Kelly came with us.

. 1. If a sentence is correct. We rounded the bend. the castle came into view. the messenger handed me an envelope. Without saying a word. write C.Practice • If a word group is a run-on sentence. write a slash / between the two sentences or independent clauses. • Now. apply the appropriate method to fix the runons. 3. The trick amazed the group they had never seen anything like it. 2.