BLR’s Safety Training Presentations

Battery Safety
29 CFR 1910.178(g) 29 CFR 1910.305(j)(7) 29 CFR 1917.157

11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.

Goals
 Battery hazards, storage, and charging  Battery maintenance, PPE, and emergencies  Quiz

11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports, Inc.

Battery Hazards     Battery acid Flammable gases Electrical shock Heavy weight 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. Inc. .

Inc.Typical Battery Cell  Positive (+) and negative (-) plates  Electrolyte—solution of sulfuric acid and water  2 volts of power  Vent cap 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. .

.Battery Discharges  Acid becomes weak and cannot produce a current  Connect battery to AC source for charging  Acidity of electrolyte is restored 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. Inc.

Inc.Battery Cycle  One discharge and one charge  Limited cycles  Maximize battery life with a full discharge and full charge 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. .

Inc.Charging and Storage Locations  Designated area  Adequate ventilation  Equipment for spilled electrolyte  Fire protection  Emergency shower and eyewash  Protection for charging apparatus 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. .

. Inc.Battery Handling      Handling heavy batteries Vent caps in place Conveyor Overhead hoist Insulated equipment 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports.

Inc.Lift Trucks     Position trucks properly Apply parking brake Turn off ignition Turn off lights and accessories  Disconnect battery from lift truck 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. .

. Inc.Battery Charger  Match charger to battery  Verify voltage and capacity  Check that charger is grounded or double insulated  Be sure vent caps are in place  Turn charger off before connecting to battery  Open battery compartment cover 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports.

Reinstall Batteries  Avoid battery contact with walls or components  Position properly in the lift truck  Secure in the lift truck  Battery restraint system 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. . Inc.

. Inc. storage. and charging  Battery maintenance. and emergencies  Quiz 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. PPE.Goals  Battery hazards.

Inc. .Battery Maintenance     Inspect connectors Keep the battery clean Keep the battery cool Do not overcharge 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports.

. Inc.Vent Caps  Allow gases to escape  Hold electrolyte in  Keep foreign material out  Should be kept in place at all times 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports.

290  Discharged will indicate 1. .120  Measure 2 or 3 cells after charging 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports.Hydrometer  Measures density of electrolyte  Fully charged will read 1. Inc.

Inc.Adding Electrolyte or Water  Add water or electrolyte only after charging  Charging increases electrolyte level  Handle electrolyte with a carbon filter or a siphon  Slowly add water to electrolyte  Wear correct PPE 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. .

. Inc.PPE     Goggles Face shield Rubber gloves Rubber apron 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports.

No Smoking  Do not smoke in charging areas  Hydrogen gas is produced  Prevent open flames. . sparks. Inc. welding  Utilize ventilation 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports.

Metal Tools  Keep metal tools away from batteries  Don’t lay metallic objects on top of batteries  Short circuits could cause sparks 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. . Inc.

Inc. .Emergencies  Acid spill kit  Neutralizing solution  Emergency shower and eyewash station  First aid 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports.

Battery Installation  Ventilation  Grounding 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. . Inc.

storage. and charging  Battery maintenance. Inc. .Goals  Battery hazards. PPE. and emergencies  Quiz 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports.

Inc.Summary      Hydrogen gas is given off during charging Vent caps release gas and contain electrolyte Batteries should be inspected regularly PPE should be worn Electrolyte spills should be cleaned up immediately 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. .

Before disconnecting the battery from the forklift. Inc. What kind of flammable gas is given off during recharging? 2. 4. Name two reasons for making sure vent caps are in place. turn off the ignition and all accessories. . True or False 3. True or False 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports.Quiz 1. What PPE should be worn when cleaning the battery or checking electrolyte? 5. Electrolyte expands during the charging process.

What can be used to neutralize an electrolyte spill? 7.) 6. What should you do if you get electrolyte on your skin? 9. True or False 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. Smoking is OK when batteries are not being charged. What does OSHA require a battery installation to have? 10. Inc. What could happen if metal objects are placed on top of a battery? 8. .Quiz (cont.

. contain electrolyte. Hydrogen gas 2. rubber gloves.Quiz Answers 1. face shield. Inc. rubber apron 5. Goggles. Vent gases. keep dust and dirt out of cells 4. True 11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. True 3.

11006134/0212 Copyright ©2002 Business and Legal Reports. . smoking is never allowed in battery storage and charging areas. Wash your skin with soap and water for at least 10 minutes 9. False. Ventilation 10.Quiz Answers (cont.) 6. Baking soda 7. Short circuit and cause a spark or other damage 8. Inc.