NCWCVD-2011

PERFORMANCE ELEVATION CEITERIA FOR OFDM UNDER AWGN FADING CHANNEL
Presented ByAmita Yadav1, Neha Jain2 ,Abhishek Joshi 3 Department of Electronics and Communication , SBCET,Jaipur (Rajasthan) Department of Electronics and Communication , SBCET,Jaipur (Rajasthan) Department of Electronics and Communication , RIET, Jaipur(Rajasthan) 1amita.mahi@gmail.com 2neha26783@gmail.com, 3abhi_engg06@yahoo.com

Objectives


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What is OFDM How OFDM works Types of OFDM Performance elevation criteria for OFDM under AWGN fading channel Simulation Results Applications

What is OFDM

Definition The first OFDM schemes presented in 1966 Development of OFDM over years

A F .

How OFDM works It distributes the data over a large number of carriers that are spaced apart at precise frequencies. This spacing provides the "orthogonality" in this technique which prevents the demodulators from seeing frequencies other than their own. .

Basic OFDM System Architecture .

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Types of OFDM   C-OFDM MIMO-OFDM    V-OFDM W-OFDM Flash-OFDM .

C-OFDM    Coded OFDM Digital Audio Broadcasting (DAB) Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB-T) COFDM offers real benefit in the presence of isolated narrow-band interfering signals  .

Multiple Output OFDM (MIMO-OFDM)    Developed by Iospan Wireless Uses multiple antennas to transmit and receive radio signals Spatial multiplexing .Multiple Input.

V-OFDM       Vector OFDM Developed by CISCO Increases subscriber coverage Lowers the cost of provisioning and deploying infrastructure Employs both frequency and spatial diversity Creates a robust processing technique for multi-path fading and narrow band interference .

Paths … … Base Station Subscriber .

More immune against fading .W-OFDM     Wideband OFDM Invented by Wi-LAN Large spacing between carriers Advantages: .Less sensitive to carrier offset -Optimal power efficiency of the transmitter amplifier .Optimal performance against Multi-path .

Flash-OFDM     Fast-hopped OFDM Wide-band spread-spectrum technology Avoids the compromises inherent in other mobile data systems Capability to work around interfering signals .

Differences from other multiplexing techniques  OFDM versus WDM -more flexible -higher bandwidth efficiency .

Differences from other multiplexing techniques OFDM versus TDM -number of carriers -synchronization -sensitivity -capacity/efficiency advantages -complexity and cost issues  .

BER & SNR .

Bandwidth Distribution .

Spread Out Time .

OFDM Time Base Parameters .

Parameters Used     No. FFT size : 64 4. No of data sub carriers: 52 . No. of bits per symbol : 52 2.of symbols : 10^4 3.

Simulation Results .

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Applications     Digital Audio and Video Broadcasting Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL) Wireless Networking Power-line Technology .

The lower Doppler frequency as compared to its performance at the higher frequency. The higher Eb/No required for transferring data means that more energy is required for each bit transfer.Conclusion     In this paper the performance of OFDM in AWGN wireless channel models is evaluated. . The performance will be reduced as the number of constellation mapping points increased from 8 to 64 point.

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