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The Flat Earth Bible

06 of 10 - The Sun, Moon & Stars


The Sun, Moon & Stars are just little
lights in the Sky
1. The Earth is fixed and cannot be moved. Psalm 93:1,
Psalm 96:10, Psalm 104:5, 1 Chronicles 16:30)
2. The Sun,Moon & Stars are just little lights in the sky.
(Isaiah 34: 4, Job 9:7 )
3. The Sun is small & goes around the Earth just like the
Moon does. (Joshua 10: 12 & 13, Habakkuk 3; 11,
Isaiah 38:8, 2 Kings 20:11, Ecclesiastes 1: 5)
4. Martin Luther, John Calvin,& Pope Urban VIII all
agreed that the Bible teaches that the Sun goes
around a fixed Earth.
The Biblical Cosmos

The Sun,
Moon & Stars
Genesis 1:14 – 16 God creates the Sun
& Moon
Creation of
the Sun & Sun
Moon by
Michelangelo
(Painted
1508-1512) Moon

In this picture, God creates


the Sun & Moon as little lights
in the Sky, just like what is
implied in the Bible.

In the C16th, the Bible was used


as a guide for Astronomy.
Genesis 1:14 – 16 The lights of Heaven
“And God made the two great lights, the greater light to rule the day, and the
lesser light to rule the night; he made the stars also. And God set them in the
firmament of the Heavens to give light upon the Earth, ” RSV

“And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule the day, and the lesser
light to rule the night: he made the stars also. And God set them in the firmament
of the Heaven to give light upon the Earth, ” KJV

“So God made the two larger lights, the sun to rule over the day and
the moon to rule over the night; he also made the stars. He placed the
lights in the sky to shine on the Earth" GNB

“God made the two great lights: the greater light to govern the day, the smaller
light to govern the night, and the stars. God set them in the vault of Heaven to
shine on the Earth, “ JB
Genesis 1:14 – 16 Continued
“'And God proceeded to make the two great luminaries, the greater luminary for
dominating the day and the lesser luminary for dominating the night, and also the
stars.Thus God put them in the expanse of the Heavens to shine upon the
Earth.” NWT

“And God made the two great lights: the greater light to rule the day, and the
lesser light to rule the night; and the stars.And God set them in the firmament of
the Heaven to give light upon the Earth.” HEJB
Genesis 1:14 – 16 The lights of Heaven
• The Sun, Moons and Stars are made on the 4th day
of creation and not on the 1st day like the Earth.
• They are portrayed as minor entities that are of
secondary importance to the Earth as they are
made to serve the Earth and three days after the
Earth.
• The description implies that they are much smaller
than the Earth.
• Despite their actual size, they are only a couple of
sentences are devoted to them indicating their
relative importance.
• There is no reference to other Worlds in the Solar
System since such a concept did not exist.
Geocentric Cosmology & the Bible
1. Before Copernicus, everyone believed that the Earth
is fixed at the centre of the Universe and does not
move.
2. The Sun, Moon & Stars were believed to be little
lights moving around the static Earth.
3. They believed this because the Ancient Greeks such
as Aristotle & Ptolemy had said so.
4. The Bible agreed with these views.
5. Copernicus resurrected the Heliocentric views of
Aristarchus which said that Earth & other planets
move in orbit around the Sun.
6. Both Catholic & Protestant Church leaders were
extremely hostile to the views of Copernicus since
they contradicted the Bible.
Copernicus & Galileo contradict the
Bible
“The Bible shows how to go to Heaven,
but not how the Heavens go” - Galileo

Copernicus (1473-1543) Galileo (1564 –1642)


John Calvin condemns Copernicus
for contradicting the Bible
Calvin criticised Copernicus
for suggesting that the
Earth moved since this
was contrary to the Bible

“Who will venture to


place the authority
Copernicus above
that of the Holy
Spirit?”*

(*Psalm 93: 1)
Psalm 93:1 - “The World is established;
it shall never be moved.”

“And yet it moves “– Galileo 1633

The Earth is now known to move


around the Sun at
approx 33,000 miles per hour
Psalm 93:1 The World does not move

“The World is established; it shall never be moved.” RSV

“The World also is stablished, that it cannot be moved.” KJV

“The Earth is set firmly in place and cannot be moved." GNB

“The World is indeed set firm, it can never be shaken“ JB

“The productive land also becomes firmly established so that it cannot be


made to totter. ” NWT

“The World is established, that it cannot be moved.” HEJB


Psalm 96:10 The World does not move

“The world is established, it shall never be moved” RSV

“The world also shall be established that it shall not be moved” KJV

“The Earth is set firmly in place and cannot be moved." GNB

“The world is set firm, it cannot be moved“ JB

“'The productive land also becomes firmly established so that it cannot be


made to totter .” NWT

“The world also is established that it cannot be moved.” HEJB


Psalm 104:5 The World does not move
“Thou didst set the Earth on its foundations,so that it should never be shaken”
RSV

“Who laid the foundations of the Earth, that it should not be removed for ever”
KJV

“You have set the Earth firmly on its foundations, and it will never be moved."
GNB

“You fixed the Earth on its foundations, for ever and ever it shall not be shaken“
JB

“'He has founded the Earth upon its established places;It will not be made to
totter to time indefinite, or forever.” NWT

“Who didst establish the Earth upon its foundations, that it should not be moved
for ever and ever.” HEJB
1 Chronicles 16:30 The World does not
move
“The world stands firm, never to be moved” RSV

“The world also shall be stable, that it be not moved” KJV

The Earth is set firmly in place and cannot be moved." GNB

“The world is firm, it cannot be moved“ JB

“‘The productive land is firmly established:Never will it be made to totter .”


NWT

“The World also is established that it cannot be moved” HEJB


Isaiah 34:4
Heavenly
Bodies are
just little
lights in the
solid sky
Isaiah 34:4 Little lights in the solid Sky
“All the host of Heaven shall rot away,and the skies roll up like a scroll.All their
host shall fall,as leaves fall from the vine,like leaves falling from the fig tree.”
RSV

““And all the host of Heaven shall be dissolved, and the Heavens shall be rolled
together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from
the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.” KJV”

“The sun, moon, and stars will crumble to dust. The sky will disappear like a
scroll being rolled up, and the stars will fall like leaves dropping from a vine or a
fig tree." GNB

“The entire array of Heaven will fall apart. The Heavens will be rolled up like a
scroll and all their array will fade away, as fade the leaves falling from the vine,
as fade those falling from the fig tree“ JB

'And all those of the army of the Heavens must rot away. And the Heavens must
be rolled up, just like a book scroll; and their army will all shrivel away, just as the
leafage shrivels off the vine and like a shrivelled [fig] off the fig tree. ” NW
Job 9:7 God seals up the Sun, Moon
& Stars in their Chambers

This picture of
the Universe
Chambers
shows how the
of the Sun, Moon
Heavenly bodies
& Stars
could be sealed
up.

See also
Psalm 19:4-6
Job 9:7 God seals up the Stars
“Who commands the sun, and it does not rise;who seals up the stars”
RSV

“Which commandeth the sun, and it riseth not; and sealeth up the stars.”
KJV

“He can keep the sun from rising, and the stars from shining at night."
GNB

“The sun, at his command, forbears to rise, and on the stars he sets a seal. “
JB

“He is saying to the sun that it should not shine forth,And around stars he
puts a seal.” NWT
Psalm 19:4-6 The Chamber of the Sun
“In them (the Heavens) he has set a tent for the sun,which comes forth like a
bridegroom leaving his chamber” RSV

“In them (the Heavens) hath he set a tabernacle for the sun, which is as a
bridegroom coming out of his chamber.” KJV

“God made a home in the sky for the sun; it comes out in the morning like a
happy bridegroom" GNB

“High above, he pitched a tent for the sun, who comes forth from his pavilion
like a bridegroom. “ JB

“'In them (the Heavens) he has set a tent for the sun, and it is like a
bridegroom when coming out of his nuptial chamber.” NWT
Job 9:9 Chambers for Stars in the Sky

“Who made the Bear and Orion,the Plei'ades and the chambers of the south.”
RSV

“Which maketh Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the chambers of the south. ”
KJV

“God hung the stars in the sky---the Dipper, Orion, the Pleiades, and the stars of
the south” GNB

“He has made the Bear and Orion, the Pleiades and the mansions of the south. “
JB

“Making the Ash constellation, the Ke´sil constellation,and the Ki´mah


constellation and the interior rooms of the South.“ NWT
Job 9:9 Chambers of the South*

The Chambers
of the South
probably refer
to places
where the

Southern
Circumpolar
Stars were
imagined to
travel through

* There were probably Chambers of the North, East & West as well
Joel 3:15* Stars withdrawing into
Chambers
“The sun and the moon are darkened,and the stars withdraw their shining.” RSV
& KJV

“The sun and the moon grow dark, and the stars no longer shine.” GNB

“Sun and moon grow dark, the stars lose their brilliance. “ JB

“'Sun and moon themselves will certainly become dark, and the very stars will
actually withdraw their brightness. .“ NWT

The sun and the moon are become black, and the stars withdraw their shining.”
HEJB

*Joel 4:15 in some Bibles


Genesis
37:7,9
Josephs
Dream.
God sends a prophetic
message to the Patriarch
Joseph involving sheaths
of corn & heavenly
bodies bowing to him.

The Sun & Moon are


shown as little lights that
can move about the sky
without any detrimental
effects on Earth.
Genesis 37:7 - 9 Josephs Prophetic
dream from God
“And behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me."
RSV

“And, behold, the sun and the moon and the eleven stars made obeisance to
me. " KJV

“I saw the sun, the moon, and eleven stars bowing down to me."
GNB

“'There were the sun, the moon and eleven stars, bowing down to me.“ JB

“Here I have had a dream once more, and here the sun and the moon and
eleven stars were bowing down to me .“ NWT
Daniel 8:10 Goat tramples Stars
underfoot

God sends Daniel a


Prophetic Vision which
includes a symbolic
image of a Goat
knocking down stars
out of the Sky and
trampling on them.

God seems to be
implying that stars are
just little lights in the
Sky just like neighbouring
peoples did.
Daniel 8:10 Goat tramples Stars
underfoot
“It grew great, even to the host of Heaven; and some of the host of the stars it
cast down to the ground, and trampled upon them." RSV

“And it waxed great, even to the host of Heaven; and it cast down some of the
host and of the stars to the ground, and stamped upon them. " KJV

“It grew strong enough to attack the army of Heaven, the stars themselves, and
it threw some of them to the ground and trampled on them." GNB

“It grew right up to the armies of Heaven and flung armies and stars to the
ground, and trampled them underfoot.“ JB

“'And it kept getting greater all the way to the army of the Heavens, so that it
caused some of the army and some of the stars to fall to the Earth, and it went
trampling them down.“ NWT
Martin Luther condemns Copernicus
for contradicting the Bible

“People give ear to an upstart


Astrologer who strove to
show that the Earth revolves
& not the Heavens, the
Firmament, the Sun & the
Moon.
But sacred Scripture* tells us
that Joshua commanded the
Sun to stand still & not the
Earth.”
(* Joshua 10: 12 & 13 )
Joshua 10: 12 & 13 Joshua stops the
Sun & Moon from moving

In this story, Joshua halts the Sun


& Moon in order to gain extra daylight
and finish a battle before dark.

This suggests that the Sun


normally moves around the
Earth just like the moon does &
that the Earth is stationary in
the centre of the Universe
Joshua 10:12 & 13
“Then spoke Joshua to the Lord …… and he said in the sight of Israel,
"Sun, stand thou still at Gibeon,and thou Moon in the valley of Ai'jalon."
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed,until the nation took vengeance on
their enemies.” RSV

“Then spake Joshua to the Lord …… and he said in the sight of Israel, Sun, stand
thou still upon Gibeon; and thou, Moon, in the valley of Ajalon.
And the sun stood still, and the moon stayed, until the people had avenged
themselves upon their enemies.” KJV

“Joshua spoke to the Lord. In the presence of the Israelites he said, "Sun, stand still
over Gibeon; Moon, stop over Aijalon Valley." The sun stood still and the moon did
not move until the nation had conquered its enemies. " GNB
Joshua 10:12 & 13
“Joshua then spoke to Yahweh …… In the presence of Israel, Joshua said: Sun,
stand still over Gibeon, and, moon, you too, over the Vale of Aijalon! And the
sun stood still, and the moon halted, until the people had taken vengeance on
their enemies“ JB

“'It was then that Joshua proceeded to speak to Jehovah …… and he went on to
say before the eyes of Israel: “Sun, be motionless over Gib´e·on,And, moon, over
the low plain of Ai´ja·lon.” Accordingly the sun kept motionless, and the moon did
stand still, until the nation could take vengeance on its enemies” NWT
Gibeon & the Valley of Ajalon

Valley of Gibeon & the Valley of Ajalon


Ajalon Gibeon are only about 30 miles apart.
If the Sun and Moon stood still
Gezer over each location, then both
Jericho
Heavenly bodies must be quite
Jerusalem small

Dead Sea
Gibeon & the Valley of Ajalon
Habakkuk 3:11
“The sun and moon stood still in their habitation at the light of thine arrows
as they sped,at the flash of thy glittering spear.” RSV

“The sun and moon stood still in their habitation: at the light of thine arrows
they went, and at the shining of thy glittering spear” KJV

“At the flash of your speeding arrows and the gleam of your shining spear,
the sun and the moon stood still." GNB

“Sun and moon stay inside their dwellings, they flee at the light of your
arrows, at the flash of your lightning-spear.“ JB

“'Sun—moon—stood still, in the lofty abode thereof. Like light your own
arrows kept going. The lightning of your spear served for brightness.” NWT
Isaiah 38:8 and 2 Kings 20:11 The
Sun dial of Ahaz

In this story, God has


the shadow on a
sundial move
backwards by
causing the Sun to
move backwards
in the Sky

This suggests that


the Biblical writers
thought that the Sun
was just a little light.
Isaiah 38:8 The Sun dial of Ahaz
“Behold, I will make the shadow cast by the declining sun on the dial of Ahaz turn
back ten steps." So the sun turned back on the dial the ten steps by which it had
declined” RSV

“Behold, I will bring again the shadow of the degrees, which is gone down in the
sun dial of Ahaz, ten degrees backward. So the sun returned ten degrees, by
which degrees it was gone down.” KJV

“The Lord will make the shadow go back ten steps." And the shadow moved back
ten steps ." GNB

“Look, I shall make the shadow cast by the declining sun on the steps -- the
steps to Ahaz's roof-room-go back ten steps.' And the sun went back the ten
steps by which it had declined. “ JB

“'Here I am making the shadow of the steps that had gone down on the steps of
A´haz by the sun retrace backward ten steps.”’” And the sun gradually went back
ten steps on the steps that it had gone down..” NWT
2 Kings 20:11 The Sun dial of Ahaz
“And Isaiah the prophet cried to the Lord; and he brought the shadow back
ten steps, by which the sun had declined on the dial of Ahaz.” RSV

“And Isaiah the prophet cried unto the Lord: and he brought the shadow ten
degrees backward, by which it had gone down in the dial of Ahaz” KJV

“Isaiah prayed to the Lord, and the Lord made the shadow go back ten steps
on the stairway set up by King Ahaz." GNB

“The prophet Isaiah then called on Yahweh, who made the shadow cast by
the declining sun on the steps -- the steps to Ahaz's roof-room -- go back ten
steps. “ JB

“At that Isaiah the prophet began to call out to Jehovah; and he made the
shadow that had gone down gradually go back on the steps, that is, on the
steps [of the stairs] of A´haz, ten steps backward” NWT
Amos 8:9 Sunset at Noon over
Jerusalem

According to Amos, the


Sun will suddenly set
at midday, implying that
it is just a little light in
the Sky
Amos 8:9 Sunset at Noon
“And on that day," says the Lord God,"I will make the sun go down at noon,
and darken the Earth in broad daylight.” RSV

“And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord God, that I will cause
the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the Earth in the clear day”
KJV

“The time is coming when I will make the sun go down at noon and the earth
grow dark in daytime. I, the Sovereign LORD, have spoken." GNB

“'On that Day- declares the Lord Yahweh- I shall make the sun go down at
noon and darken the Earth in broad daylight.“ JB

“And it must occur in that day,’ is the utterance of the Sovereign Lord
Jehovah, ‘that I will make the sun go down at high noon, and I will cause
darkness for the land on a bright day.” NWT
Amos 8:9 Sunset at Noon
This seems to
be what Amos
is describing.
Philip Melancthon condemns
Copernicus for contradicting the Bible

“Certain men, either from the


love of novelty or to a make
A display of ingenuity have
concluded that the Earth
moves.
It is part of a good mind to
accept the truth as revealed
By God* and acquiesce in it.”
(* Psalm 104:5,
Ecclesiastes 1: 5)
Ecclesiastes 1:5 Literal Sunrise and
Sunset
“The sun rises and the sun goes down,and hastens to the place where it
rises” RSV

“The sun also ariseth, and the sun goeth down, and hasteth to his place
where he arose” KJV

“The sun still rises, and it still goes down, going wearily back to where it
must start all over again." GNB

“The sun rises, the sun sets; then to its place it speeds and there it rises“
JB

“'And the sun also has flashed forth, and the sun has set, and it is coming
panting to its place where it is going to flash forth.” NWT
Ecclesiastes 1: 5 Literal Sunrise and
Sunset

When the Bible speaks


of the Sun rising and
setting, it means this
literally and not
phenomenally.
Language was created
by God in the Bible &
did not evolve and
incorporate human
mistakes such as the
terms “sunrise” &
“sunset”
Ecclesiastes 1: 5 Sun travels Circuit
of Heaven

The Sun travels


across the Sky &
then returns to
the place that it
Came from.

This place is the


Chambers of the
Sun, Moon &
Stars

See also
Chambers of the Sun Psalm 19:4-6
Pope Urban VIII condemns Copernicus
for contradicting the Bible
In 1611, before becoming Pope,
Cardinal Bellarmine wrote of the
views of Church Ecclesiastes
1: 5 scholars concerning
Astronomical information in the
Scriptures*.
“All agree in interpreting them literally
as teaching that the Sun is in the
Heavens and revolves around the
Earth with immense speed.The
Earth is very distant from the Heavens
at the centre of the Universe and
motionless.”
(*Ecclesiastes 1: 5)
Pope Paul V condemns Copernicus
for contradicting the Bible (1616)

“The 1st proposition, that the Sun is in


the centre and does not revolve
around the Earth is foolish, absurd,
false in Theology and heretical
because it is expressly contrary to
Holy Scripture.
The 2nd proposition, that the Earth
is not the centre, but revolves
about the Sun is absurd, false in
Philosophy, and from a theologically
point of view at least, opposed to the
true faith.”
Trial of Galileo by the Inquisition in
Rome, 1633
Inquisition condemns Galileo for
contradicting the Bible

“The said Galileo is in the judgement of the


Holy Office vehemently suspected of heresy,
namely, of having believed & held the doctrine
which is false and contrary to the sacred &
divine Scriptures, that the Sun is the centre
of the World & does not move from East to West
and that the Earth moves & is not the centre
of the World.”
The Biblical Cosmos

The Sun,
Moon & Stars
Continued on next Presentation ……