India’s 11th 5 year plan

INTRODUCTION

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A FYP is considered as a general forecast of what the Government intends to do to bring about economic development and provides continuity irrespective of the Government in power. It acts as a guideline/ roadmap to the policies and programmes that would be framed to achieve the desired objective. The economy of India is based in part on planning through their five-year plans, developed, executed and monitored by the Planning Commission. The growth performance of the Tenth Plan averaged at 7%. It is expected that the upward trend would continue throughout the XI plan period and give further boost to the economic growth. Chairman Dr. Manmohan Singh Prime Minister Deputy Chairman Shri Montek Singh Ahluwalia

Previous Five Year Plans at Glance
Period
1951 to 1956 1956 to 1961 1961 to 1966

Plan
First Plan Second Plan Third Plan

Remarks
Priority given to agriculture and irrigation Development of basic and heavy industries Long term development of India’s economy and defence Plan holiday periodChinese and Pakistani wars

1966 to 1969

Annual Plans

Previous Five Year Plans at Glance
Period
1969 to 1974

Plan
Fourth Plan

Remarks
It brought in a ‘scientific temper’ to Indian agriculture and self reliance by green revolution Priority given to employment, poverty and justice Launched by the Janta Govt. Stress given on information technology and indian national highway system

1974 to 1979 1979 to 1980 1980 to 1985

Fifth Plan Annual Plan Sixth Plan

Previous Five Year Plans at Glance
Period
1985 to 1989

Plan
Seventh plan

Remarks
Priority on upgradation of technology and increased productivity

1989 to 1991 1992 to 1997

Annual Plan

Crisis in foreign exchange, beginning of privatization and liberalization Modernization of industries

Previous Five Year Plans at Glance
Period
1997 to 2002

Plan
Ninth plan

Remarks
Priority to agriculture and rural development; accelerating growth rate of economy; food and nutritional security for all; empowerment of women and socially disadvantaged groups such as SC/STs, backward classes and minorities etc. Decrease in poverty ratio; Re-orienting strategy to raise food production; Labour reforms; Speeding up reforms in the financial sector.

2002-2007

Tenth Plan

Plan period

Growth Performance in the Five Year Plans
Target 2.1 4.5 Realization 3.5 4.2

First Plan (1951–55) Second Plan (1956–60)

Third Plan (1960–65)
Fourth Plan (1969–73)

5.6
5.7

2.8
3.2

Fifth Plan (1974–78)
Sixth Plan (1980–84)) Seventh Plan (1985–89) Eighth Plan (1992–96) Ninth Plan (1997–2001)

4.4
5.2 5.0 5.6 6.5

4.7
5.5 5.6 6.5 5.5

Tenth Plan (2002–2006)

7.9

7.7

Resource Allocation in

th 11

Plan

Sectoral Allocation: 10th and 11th Five Year Plan
Note: Figures in the parentheses are INR in Crore (in per cent to total Plan outlay)

S. N.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

Sectors
Education Rural Development Health & Family Welfare Agriculture and Irrigation Social Justice Physical Infrastructure Scientific Departments Energy

10th Plan (2002-07)
7.68 10.70 5.62 6.22 4.47 10.94 3.66 5.81 55.10 44.90

11th Plan (2007-12)
19.29 13.39 8.71 8.55 6.35 9.01 4.68 4.04 74.03 25.97 100.00 (14,21,711)

Total Priority Sectors
9 Others

Total

100.00 (8,13,778)

Monitorable Targets in 11th Plan

Monitorable Targets
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Key feature in the strategy of inclusive growth Income & Poverty Education Health Women & Children Infrastructure Environment

13 State specific targets
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GDP and Agriculture growth Work Opportunities and Poverty Ratio Drop Out Rate, Literacy and Gender Gap in Literacy Child Malnutrition, Anemia in Women and Girls Child Sex Ratio

OBJECTIVES OF THE PLAN

Income & Poverty
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Accelerate GDP growth from 8% to 10% and then maintain at 10% in the 12th Plan Increase agricultural GDP growth rate to 4% per year to ensure a broader spread of benefits Create 70 million new work opportunities Reduce educated unemployment to below 5%. Raise real wage rate of unskilled workers by 20%

Education

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Reduce dropout rates of children from schools from 52.2% to 20% by 2011-12 Develop minimum standards of educational attainment in elementary school and by regular testing monitor effectiveness of education to ensure quality Increase literacy rate for persons of age 7 years or above to 85% Lower gender gap in literacy to 10 percent Increase the percentage of students going to higher education from the present 10% to 15% by the end of the plan

Health


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Reduce infant mortality rate to 28 and maternal mortality ratio to 1 per 1000 live births Reduce Total Fertility Rate to 2.1 Provide clean drinking water for all by 2009 Reduce malnutrition among children of age group 0-3 to half its present level Reduce anemia among women and girls by 50% by the end of the plan

Women and Children

Raise the sex ratio for age group 0-6 to 935 by 2011-12 and to 950 by 2016-17 Ensure that at least 33 percent of the direct and indirect beneficiaries of all government schemes are women and girl children Ensure that all children enjoy a safe childhood, without any compulsion to work

Infrastructure

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Ensure electricity connection to all villages and round-theclock power. Ensure all-weather road connection to all habitation with population 1000 and above (500 in hilly and tribal areas) by 2009, and ensure coverage of all significant habitation by 2015 Connect every village by telephone by November 2007 and provide broadband connectivity to all villages by 2012 Step up the pace of house construction for rural poor to cover all the poor by 2016-17

Environment
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Increase forest and tree cover by 5 percentage Attain WHO standards of air quality in all major cities by 201112. Treat all urban waste water by 2011-12 to clean river waters. Increase energy efficiency by 20 percentage points by 2016-17

VISION FOR THE 11TH PLAN
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Improvement in quality of life of the people Target of 9%GDP growth for the country Access to essential services in health and education Equality of opportunities Rapid growth that reduces poverty Environmental sustainability Empowerment through education and skill development Recognition of women’s agency and good governance

STRATEGIES FOR ELEVENTH PLAN
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Strengthening and restructuring of the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) system Comprehensive programmes for development of infrastructure, especially in rural areas and in the remote and backward parts of the country Integrated Watershed management including management of underground water level Emphasis on the public–private partnership in investment Electrification of all villages and extending free household connections to all 2.3 crore households, Nuclear power development. Development of satellite launch capabilities, Development of new energy systems, viz. advance heavy water reactor and nanotechnology Major emphasis on upgradation of Higher Education including Technical Education

PLANNED INVESTMENT IN DIFFERENT PROGRAMES (IN CRORES)
Agriculture Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana 3095

Disaster Management
Irrigation Power

Tsunami Rehabilitation Programme
Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme Accelerated Power Development & Reform Programme National Social Assistance Programme National e-Governance Action Plan

2985
41568 12820

Elderly and Weaker Section E-governance

15691 2942

SECTION – B POLICIES GIVEN FOR DIFFERENT SECTORS

EDUCATION

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Universal enrolment of 6–14 age group children including the hard to reach segment. Substantial improvement in quality and standards with the ultimate objective to achieve standards of Kendriya Vidyalayas (KVs) under the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) pattern. All gender, social, and regional gaps in enrolments to be eliminated by 2011–12. One year pre-school education (PSE) for children entering primary school. The Eleventh Plan will lay special focus on disadvantaged groups and educationally backward areas.

Significant improvement in learning conditions with emphasis on learning basic skills, verbal and quantitative.  All States/UTs to adopt NCERT Quality Monitoring Tools.

Quality Improvement in SSA
 Restructure

SSA with a clear goal of providing a quality of education equivalent to that of KVs under the CBSE pattern.  Ensure basic learning conditions in all schools and acquisition of basic skills of literacy in nearly primary grades to lay a strong foundation for higher classes.

Give special focus on Maths, Science, and English where students tend to be weak and universally introduce English in Class III onwards. Support more quality-related activities and improve interactive classroom transaction. Address fully all teacher-related issues—vacancies, absenteeism, non-teaching assignments, and fix accountability for learning outcomes of pupils.

Recruit additional teachers to deal with single teacher schools and multi-grade teaching with mandatory two-third new teachers to be female for primary classes.

National Eligibility Test (NET)/State Eligibility Test (SET) for teacher recruitment by NCERT/State Council for Educational Research and Training (SCERT)/CBSE/State Boards to enable decentralized recruitment of highquality teaching faculty at district/block levels.  Enhance learning levels by at least 50% over baseline estimates (2005–06 District Information System for Education [DISE]).

‘Improved Quality’ to be defined in operational terms through clearly identified outcome indicators, viz. learning levels of students, teacher competence, classroom processes, teaching learning materials, etc. The National Curriculum Framework (NCF) 2005 and the syllabi prepared by NCERT to be the guiding documents for States for revising their curricula/syllabi with SCERTs playing a more active role in ensuring common standard. Introduce monetary and non-monetary incentives for recognizing good teachers with block/district state awards


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KGBV and DPEP subsumed within SSA in the Eleventh Plan Anganwadis will be strengthened by encouraging continued school after primary education Girls will be made free from siblings care MDM to be managed by the local community NGOs, and not contractor-driven: civic quality and safety to be prime considerations Sensitize teachers in nutrition safety norms to rectify observed deficiencies. Involve nutrition experts in planning Jan Shikshan Sansthan (JSS) The objective of JSS Scheme is educational vocational, and occupational development of socioeconomically backward and educationally disadvantaged groups of urban/rural population Central Sector Schemes (CS) The Central Government is managing and fully funding four types of schools viz., KVs, NavodayaVidyalayas (NVs), Central Tibetan Schools (CTSs), and National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS)

Youth Affairs and Sports
NEHRU YUVA KENDRA SANGATHAN (NYKS)
Aims to utilize secular values, national unity, and against extremism. youth clubs would be regrouped into three categories ‘A’, ‘B’, and ‘C’ as per their performance and activeness

NATIONAL SERVICE SCHEME (NSS)
strengthened and expanded from 2.60 million to 5.10 million volunteers would be extended to uncovered universities, colleges, technical institutes, and senior secondary schools.

RAJIV GANDHI NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF YOUTH DEVELOPMENT (RGNIYD  Would be given status of Deemed National Youth University in the country.  will be developed as an International Centre of Excellence on youth development.  collaboration with Commonwealth Youth Programme (CYP)Asia Centre, Chandigarh YOUTH HOSTELS  youth travel, youth hostels are envisaged at historical, cultural, and tourist places  construction and maintenance and operations could be taken up in self-sustaining manner in the franchising mode. NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR YOUTH AND ADOLESCENT DEVELOPMENT  Funded under ‘Yuva Shakti Abhiyan’ for youth and adolescent development will be restructured.

3. POLICY MEASURES AND STRATEGIES FOR ADDRESSING PROBLEMS OF SLUMS

Creating and updating database on slums (through using Geographic Information System Slum improvement in the context of 74th CAA. Participation process to include communities, civil societies and elected representatives. Augmenting and facilitating access to serviced land for slum dwellers Granting Tenure Security for Slum Dwellers

Empowerment of Women
 Vulnerable

groups

 Special
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attention will be paid to: Women impacted by Violence Women impacted by internal displacement, disasters and Migration Women and Labour (domestic labour, destitute women who are homeless) Women and Health( women affected by HIV/ AIDS, women suffering from life threatening diseases, women with disabilities, elderly and aged women) Slum Dwellers Single women (Adolescents, widows, Divorcees)

MAKING EMPLOYMENT AND NATIONAL RURAL EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE ACT (NREGA)GENDER RESPONSIVE The 11th Plan will ensure that wage works conducive to women and will also ensure that the Minimum Wages Act, 1948 and Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 are implemented by all States and that their implementation is monitored by the Ministry of Labour and Employment and their skills are also included under NREGA. VAW will be articulated as a Public Health issue and training will be provided to medical personnel at all levels from public health facilities (PHCs) to premier health facilities.

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the Eleventh Plan, women with disabilities will be specifically included in gender equity programmes, both as Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalat15 will be organized, which will supplement the efforts of District Legal Service Authority.beneficiaries and as project workers  Resource Centres for women will be set up at national and State levels and linked with Women’s Study Centres.

PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES (INCLUDING WATER & SANITATION):

Access to clean drinking water will need to be planned for and rigorously implemented and be suitably redesigned and operationalized

Explore replicating on a large scale the experience of Sulabh Shauchalaya of establishing low-cost sanitation technology.
Introduce environmental sanitation in all schools in the rural areas/urban slums etc.

Access to clean drinking water will need to be planned for and rigorously implemented and be suitably redesigned and operationalized

Explore replicating on a large scale the experience of Sulabh Shauchalaya of establishing low-cost sanitation technology.
Introduce environmental sanitation in all schools in the rural areas/urban slums etc.

Rural Development Ministry is implementing major watershed schemes through the Department of Land Resources.  Other programmes such as 1. Backward Region Grant Fund 2. The Bharat Nirman Programme aims at artificial recharge of groundwater schemes and rain water harvesting, restoration of water bodies scheme (both pilot and external assisted) By the Ministry of Water Resources, the National Project for Renovation of Water Bodies and schemes such as the

The National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme has 7 work component related to water The

National Afforestation Programme, River Valley Project, Flood Prone River Programme

Two new programmes have been launched overcome water supply problem JNNURM covering 63 cities  UIDSSMT for the remaining 5098 towns having population less than one million  Efforts will be made to launch a Sarva

Swasthya Abhiayan in the county that will cover the primary health care, safe drinking
water, and sanitation in urban areas.

Industry
1) taxes and duties to be made non-distortionary and competitive 2) encourage Special Economic Zones (SEZs) and Special Economic Regions(SERs) 3) technological modernization 4) State Governments to create investor friendly climate 5) Labour intensive mass manufacturing based on relatively lower skill levels to provide opportunities for expanding employment in the industrial sector 6) Creation of an enabling environment for village and small enterprises 7) Review of the mineral policy to eliminate constraints in the way of investments in mining activities

Poverty and Employment
National Rural Employment Guarantee,  Bharat Nirman,  National Rural Health Mission  The steady expansion of schemes aimed at supporting incomes and welfare of poorer sections  To provide gainful employment, the XI plan would be paying special attention to intensive manufacturing sectors such as food processing industry, textiles, small and medium enterprises (SMEs), tourism and construction apa

MAJOR CHALLENGES IN 11TH PLAN
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Regaining and sustaining agricultural growth Increasing manufacturing competitiveness Harnessing human resources Providing essential public services for the poor Environment protection Improving rehabilitation and resettlement practices Improving governance and ensuring fiscal discipline Ensuring economic empowerment Enabling political empowerment Effective implementation of women-related legislations

COMMENTS
The transition towards faster and more inclusive growth calls for significant new initiatives in many sectors.  Effort required to push the agricultural growth to achieve the agri growth targets.  Industries have highlighted the emerging skill constraint among the workforce.  Necessary for educational standards and technical skills be maintained at levels comparable with the best in the world to sustain the growth in service sector.

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