The Unborn trailer creates a scary atmosphere through sound, editing, camera angles and shots.

•Sound- The diegetic sound of the whispering through the baby monitor. This can suggest that there is something mentally wrong with the child. The moments of high-pitched non-diegetic sound creates an eerie atmosphere and makes it uncomfortable for the audience. There are also moments of silence which creates a sinister atmosphere making the audience feel uneasy. Some of the voices in the trailer are not clear and understandable; this creates an ear of the unknown in the audiences mind. •Editing-There are many fades throughout the trailer, which gives the trailer a continuous feel. During the latter stages the pace of the trailer speeds up, this is done through jump cuts. The jump cuts create an irritating effect for the audience and put the audience at an edge.

Mise-en-scene

The mise-en-scene used is perfect for a horror film as it is in the location of a dark gloomy building and the props used such as a doctors bed is typically used in a horror film and tape over her mouth.

The mise en scene of a white sheet is a typically prop for a horror film as it portrays a scary character or a ghost and is hiding the identity of the character which create suspense for the audience.

•CinematographyThere are a number of different camera angles, some are canted angles, and these create an alarming atmosphere for the audience. There are also is variation of shot types; the first shot is an establishing shot showing the isolated setting. There are some of over-the-shoulder shots, in which the audience is positioned alongside the protagonist. There is an extreme close-up Of the protagonist’s eye, this is symbolic to the plot of the film. There are also a number of point-of-view shots which place the audience in the protagonist position and make the audience emphasise with her.

Period of equilibrium starts at the beginning when we see an establishing shot of the house.

This is an example of a close up which is used to show the expression on the ladies face which shows her screaming which immediately reveals to the audience that the genre is horror.

The Saw trailer creates a scary atmosphere through sound, editing, camera angles and shots.

•Sound- A variety of diegetic and non-diegetic sounds have been used. The non-diegetic sound of the high pitched rumbling noise has occasionally been used to build tension and fear amongst the audience. The diegetic sounds of the chains, the clock ticking; screams and athe laughter of clowns create an eerie atmosphere which makes the audience feel uneasy. Some of the voices in the trailer are not clear and understandable; this creates a fear of the unknown in the audiences mind.
•Editing-The trailer uses many jump cuts, which creates suspense and make the audience feel disorientated. There are a lot of black screens which are on screen for a long time. This makes the audience feel uneasy as they do not know what is going on. It also makes the audience feel vulnerable and involved in the trailer. •Cinematography- In the trailer there are a lot of canted angles used. These shots create an alarming and uneasy atmosphere for the audience. There are also a number of close up shots which show the emotions and instability of the characters; which makes the audience empathise with them

The cinematography of the close up shot of the gun is used in order to stand out which makes fits the horror genre as a killing or murder had obviously occurred which makes the audience want to watch the film to find out what happened.

Mise en scene

The masked man (Jigsaw) is the villain. By wearing a mask it keeps his identity unknown, this follows the structuralist theory of the killer being unknown. Also a close up shot is used in order to draw attention to the detail in the villains face to make the audience feel scared.

The mise- en- scene of the location is set in a dark kind of basement in an old building which has cages and fences which creates a scary atmosphere which reveals that something gruesome is going to occur.

Mise-en-scene The opening sequence is of a school and of girls playing, this shows equilibrium within the scene; a common horror convention. The town is covered in snow which makes the scene appear very cold, and throughout the shots the young girl remains isolated. Winter has connotations of being cold and dark and this is reflected throughout the clip. When the family approach their home, it is very large which implies that the family are wealthy, however the girl continues to wear the same Victorian-style clothing throughout the trailer, this suggests that she is quite a dark, mysterious character and likes to stand out. During the toilet scene, Esther is enclosed in the cubicle and this suggests that she is trapped within her character. When she burns down the tree house, the fire is the first time warmth is portrayed in the trailer. Fire has connotations of the devil and this links in well with Esthers character. To create an atmosphere, text cards are used to drop subtle hints about the trailer; these are very effective and are a common convention of a trailer.

The opening shot

Esther In the toilets

Editing As the trailer progresses, the cuts become quicker in order to build up tension and create an eerie atmosphere. Fades are used to indicate a change in time or location and link well to the snow and the text cards as they fade to white. During the voiceover and at the end of the trailer, the screen goes black to create tension, before displaying the title of the film and the credits. When the mother is chasing after the car slow motion has been used to create an atmosphere as it helps to draw out the scene.

Sound At the beginning of the trailer, dialogue from the film is used to update the viewer on the events which have occurred, this is a very common convention as it is an easy way to back-track on a story and set the scene. At the beginning of the trailer the non diegetic music is quite quiet, as it is portraying equilibrium within the scene, however as the tension builds the music loudness, before a crescendo when we hear a loud scream. As disequilibrium builds up, the music gets louder which is a common convention of a horror trailer. There is also a large amount of diegetic noise within the trailer, such as the children’s voices as the play which helps to create verisimilitude. The dialogue helps to update the viewer on the events that are unravelling and the eerie noise of the swings creaking help to add an atmosphere to the scene. As the cuts quicken the music also gets louder; which is another common convention of a horror trailer.

Cinematography The birds eye view establishing shot helps to set the scene of the trailer, and creates a sense of verisimilitude as we see what appears to be a stereotypical American town. The two shot of the adopting mother and father also help to create verisimilitude as they are framed together, showing their close, normal relationship. When Esther is in the classroom, the camera is positioned through an opening in the door, and we see her back which makes it seem like someone is watching and following her. A common convention of a trailer is to have equilibrium at the beginning, and this occurs in the orphan trailer, as we see lots of long shots and close ups of the family; making them seem happy and normal. Low angles are repeatedly used to show that Esther is the dominant character and that she is in control. High angles are used on the family, especially the mother to show vulnerability in the trailer. As Esther looks directly into the camera, there is a close up which helps to link her to the viewer, as it is as if she is staring straight at them.

Two shot

Low angle showing Esther as having the most power

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