SCIENCE PROJECTS

By : Ms. Michelle Castellino (12) Ms. Grizella D’Souza (30) Ms. Kirti Fal Dessai (37) Ms. Nellyesha Florindo (54) Mr. Jimmy Mendes (67) NIE – 2011-2012

What is a project?
“A project is a problematic act carried to completion in its natural setting.”… J. A. Stevenson

“A project is a whole hearted purposeful activity proceeding in a social environment.”… Dr. Kilpatrick

• “A project is a unit of activity in which pupils are made responsible for planning and purposing.” Parker

A project has some purpose and there is planning to achieve that purpose which is achieved in social, real and natural situations created in the school.

OBJECTIVES
Developing an experimental design and carrying out the experimental method of science. To represent facts in a most concrete manner. e.g. the stages involved in transpiration. To test the abilities of students to apply scientific principles to problem situations. To enhance logical thinking and problem-solving skills . To illustrate the skill of doing an activity

TYPES OF PROJECTS:
Producer projects

Consumer projects

Problem projects

Drill project

STEPS
 Providing a situation:  Teacher must always be on the look out to find situations  Situations may be provided by different methods

 Choosing and purposing  Kilpatrick, “the part of the pupil and the part of the teacher in most of the school work depends largely on who does the proposing.”  The teacher may tempt the students but the choice must finally come from the students.  the teacher should bear in mind that it should be of real need to pupils.  The purpose of the project should be clearly defined and well understood by the pupils  In case of wrong choosing, the teacher should tactfully guide the students to see that the project is not good

 Planning  The teacher should guide the students to plan the project through good and scientific planning.  Before the finalizing, the plan needs to be discussed among the students and every child involved should be given a chance to put forth his/her suggestions  Later, each pupil should write the plan properly.

 Executing  The work of the project should be distributed among the pupils of the group according to their interests and abilities.  The teacher should guide, encourage and watch the progress of students and should give instructions wherever need be.

 Evaluating  The students review the project and find out mistakes if any  The teacher should see to it, that the objectives of the project have been achieved.

 Recording  The students should keep a complete record of work

ROLE OF A TEACHER:
Teacher is a friend, guide and a working partner. Teacher provides occasions for shy pupils to come forward and contribute something towards the success of the project. Teacher learns with the students. In distributing responsibilities, the teacher helps in developing the character and personality of the pupil.

ROLE OF A TEACHER contd….
Teacher aims at inculcating Scientific Attitudes and giving training in the scientific method. Students feel free to express their ideas. Teacher needs to be alert and active all the time to see that the project is running successfully. Thorough knowledge of individual children is necessary so as to allot them work accordingly. Teacher should have initiative tact and zest for learning and should be well experienced.

MERITS
 It is a cooperative enterprise: the teacher and students join the project.  The teacher is a wise counsellor and a guide, while the child is an active agent.  With a wise chosen theme the method tends to focus attention of interest to the pupils, of use to the community and of scientific importance.

MERITS contd….
 Interest stimulating  Enhances dignity of labour  Students learn by self-activity.  It calls for wholehearted purposeful activity  Helps students to organise their knowledge.

DEMERITS
 Time consuming  Competence of the teacher  Syllabus limitations  It gives pupils a superficial knowledge  Expensive

EVALUATION
The definition of goals and objectives is more of an art than a science, and it can be difficult to define them and align them correctly. Evaluation is done based on the following criteria:  Specific, Measurable, Attainable/Achievable, Realistic and Time-bound (SMART).

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