OPERASI-OPERASI PERMESINAN

Operasi Permesinan

1

Turning
N = rotational speed, rev/min v = cutting speed, m/min D0 = original diameter, mm Df = final diameter, mm d = depth of cut f = feed, mm/rev fr = feed rate, mm/min Tm = time of actual machining, min L = length, mm MRR = material removal rate mm3/min

N

v

D

f
0

r

 Nf
L

D D
0

f

 2d

Tm 

f

MRR vfd
r

Operasi Permesinan

2

Operasi Turning Lainnya
(a) facing (b) taper turning (c) contour turning (d) form turning (e) chamfering (f) cutoff (g) threading (h) boring (i) drilling (j) knurling

Operasi Permesinan

3

Mesin Lathe

Operasi Permesinan

4

Metoda Pencekaman Benda Kerja Pada Lathe

(a) mounting the work between centers using a “dog” (b) three-jaw chuck (c) collet (d)face plate for non cylindrical workparts
Operasi Permesinan 5

Contoh Urutan Operasi Turning

(1) feed stock to stop (2) turn main diameter (3) form second diameter and spotface (4) drill
(5) chamfer (6) cutoff
Operasi Permesinan 6

Drilling
N = spindle speed, rev/min v = cutting speed, mm/min D = drill diameter, mm f = feed, mm/rev Fr = feed rate, mm/min Tm = machining time, min T = work thickness, mm A = approach allowance MRR = material rate of return

v N D

A  0.5D tan(90  ) 2
MRR 

Tm 
Tm 

d

f

r

f

r

 Nf

D

2

f

tA

r

4

f

r

Operasi Permesinan

7

Operasi Drillling Lainnya

(a) reaming (b) tapping (c) counter boring (d) countersinking (e) center drilling (f) spot facing
Operasi Permesinan 8

Mesin Drilling

Drill press & Radial drill press
Operasi Permesinan 9

Milling

• Horizontal milling • Vertical milling

Operasi Permesinan

10

Horizontal Mill

Types of horizontal boring mill (a) boring bar is fed into a rotating workpart (b) work is fed past a rotating boring bar

Operasi Permesinan

11

Vertical Mill (2)

Vertical boring mill
Operasi Permesinan 12

Milling

Types of milling operation: (a) peripheral or plain milling (b) face milling
Operasi Permesinan 13

Peripheral Milling

(a) slab milling (b) slotting (c) side milling (d) straddle milling

Operasi Permesinan

14

Tipe Pemotongan Milling

(a) up milling (b) down milling
Operasi Permesinan 15

Face Milling
(a) conventional face milling (b) partial face milling (c) end milling (d) profile milling (e) pocket milling (f) surface contouring

Operasi Permesinan

16

Parameter Pemesinan Milling
v N D

f

r

 N nt f

MRR  wd L A

f

r

A  d (D  d )

T

m

f

r

• Nt = number of teeth
Operasi Permesinan 17

Mesin Milling (1)

(a) horizontal (b) vertical
Operasi Permesinan 18

Mesin Milling (2)

(a) universal-overarm (b) ram type
Operasi Permesinan 19

Machining Centers
• Automated machine tool capable of performing multiple machining operation under CNC control, having features:
– Automatic tool-changing – Pallet shuttles – Automatic workpart positioning

Operasi Permesinan

20

Turning Centers

Operasi Permesinan

21

Operasi pada Mill-Turn Centers

(1) turn second diameter (2) mill flat with part in programmed angular position (3) drill hole (4) cutoff
Operasi Permesinan 22

Operasi Milling Lainnya

(a) shaping (b) planning
Operasi Permesinan 23

Bentuk-bentuk Shaping & Planing

Operasi Permesinan

24

Mesin Shaper

Operasi Permesinan

25

Mesin Planer

Operasi Permesinan

26

Operasi Milling Lainnya
Broaching

(a) external broaching (b) internal broaching
Operasi Permesinan 27

Sawing

(a) power hacksaw (b) bandsaw (c) circular saw
Operasi Permesinan 28

High Speed Machining
Work Material Aluminum Cast iron, soft Cast iron, ductile Steel, free machining Steel, alloy Titanium Solid Tools (end mills, drill) Conventional High Cutting Speed (m/min) Speed (m/min) 300 3000 150 360 105 250 105 360 75 250 40 60 Indexable Tools (face mills) Conventional High Cutting Speed (m/min) Speed (m/min) 600 3600 360 1200 250 900 360 600 210 360 45 90

Operasi Permesinan

29